Self-supply refers to an approach of incremental improvements to water supplies that are mainly financed by the users themselves (see this Wikipedia entry on Self-supply for more information). Under this approach neither governments nor NGOs provide direct subsidies for capital investment or for operation and maintenance. The products and services for the improvements are usually provided on a commercial basis by local private enterprises. Under a Self-supply approach the users are in charge for choosing the technology they want, the service level they want and the provider of these products and services.
Private investment in water supplies (as well as in sanitation) is already substantial and will grow. A range of technologies are suitable for Self-supply in rural areas. They include hand dug wells and boreholes fitted with pumps, rain water harvesting systems, household water treatment and even piped systems, among others. Self-supply sources have contributed to reaching the MDGs in many countries and will also contribute to the post-MDG targets for water supply. It is essential that efforts by water users themselves to improve their water supplies are better understood and acknowledged, so that this approach can be strengthened and applied where most appropriate.
- Guidelines for Developing a Self Supply Acceleration Plan for your Area (IRC, 2014)
Where to go next:
- Join the RWSN Accelerating Self Supply Community on dgroups.
- Do you have a question? Ask KnowledgePoint
- Find out more about Self-supply and contribute your knowledge on Wikipedia
- Find out more about Self-supply and contribute your knowledge on Akvopedia
- Some examples of Self-supply initiatives which reached large scale:
- Browse the RWSN Library for resources on Self-supply, some suggestions are below: