RWSN Resources

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Engaging Non-state Providers in Rural Water Supply Services Documentation of Experiences in India

Downloads: 19


Author: World Bank
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: World Bank
Institution:

Taking an integrated approach to the country's rural water supply issues, Government of India's (GoI's) National Rural Drinking Water Program (NRDWP) focusses on the key aspects of source and system sustainability. System sustainability is inextricably linked to both technical and financial aspects of operations of rural water supply schemes. A key plank of NRDWP's approach as well as that of the sector reform project that preceded it is the devolution of Operations and Maintenance (O&M) functions, particularly related to distribution at the village level, to Gram Panchayats (GPs), or local government entities, through the formation of Village Water and Sanitation Committees (VWSCs). However, the lack of substantive community engagement in planning and implementation of schemes as well as capacity constraints in GPs has limited the spread and implementation of this approach. As reported in a recent study for the Planning Commission (PC, 2010), only a fourth of GPs surveyed reported VWSCs and less than one percent of the respondents were aware of the VWSCs' existence.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Multi-Village Pooling Project in Indonesia Handbook for Community-Based Water Supply Organizations

Downloads: 68


Author: World Bank
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: World Bank
Institution:

The book discusses basic concepts on key topics to managing a small piped water system ideally for up to 1,000 households. It presents tools that can be adapted by Community-Based Water Organizations (CBOs) for use in their operations, such as forms, checklists and procedural guidelines. Illustrative examples have also been compiled from the experiences of the district local governments, support organizations and CBOs operating in East and West Java, who participated in the Multi-Village Pooling (MVP) Project. This toolkit seeks to compile a set of ready resources for organizations supporting Indonesian CBOs and CBOs themselves, which was not previously available despite many years of rural water investment projects. The book introduces fundamental concepts in an easy to-understand way, so that a number of discussions have been simplified. This will give users a basic understanding enough to seek further resources or references or advice from experts, which is encouraged.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Uganda’s Water Sector Development: Towards Sustainable Systems HTN Working Paper: WP 02/96

Downloads: 30


Author: WISHART, G.
Year of Publishing: 1996
Publisher: RWSN (incl. HTN)
Institution: Skat

This is a story of success in the development of rural water supply, a difficult sector in which to deliver cost-effective, sustainable results. It is a story of success in the public sector in Africa, a continent with few reasons to celebrate the achievements of its civil administrations.

Providing a basic level of water and sanitation services that last: COST BENCHMARKS WASHCost Infosheet 1

Downloads: 139


Author: WASHCOST
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: IRC
Institution: WASHCOST

This Infosheet provides an overview of the minimum benchmarks for costing sustainable basic services in developing countries.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Long-term Functionality of Rural Water Services in Developing Countries: A System Dynamics Approach to Understanding the Dynamic Interaction of Factors Summary of academic paper

Downloads: 98


Author: Walters, J. P. and A. M. Javernick-Will
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: University of Colorado
Institution:

Research has shown that sustainability of rural water infrastructure in developing countries is largely affected by the dynamic and systemic interactions of technical, social, financial, institutional, and environmental factors that can lead to premature water system failure. This research employs system dynamics modeling, which uses feedback mechanisms to understand how these factors interact dynamically to influence long-term rural water system functionality (i.e., sustainability). To do this, the research first identified and aggregated key factors from literature, then asked water sector experts to indicate the polarity and strength between factors through Delphi and cross impact survey questionnaires, and finally used system dynamics modeling to identify and prioritize feedback mechanisms.

This is a 1 page summary of: Long-Term Functionality of Rural Water Services in Developing Countries: A System Dynamics Approach to Understanding the Dynamic Interaction of Factors, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2015, 49 (8), pp 5035–5043

The Shinyanga Experience Water User Group concept as a sustainable management system for hand pump wells

Downloads: 37


Author: VAN MIERT, T. and D. BINAMUNGU
Year of Publishing: 2001
Publisher: Skat
Institution: Handpump Technology Network

This booklet primarily aims at putting on record some experiences gained by the rural water supply actors in Shinyanga Region over the past six years, on how they have attempted to tackle the issue of community management of point water sources and more specifically the wells, equipped with hand pumps.

Management Models for Rural Water Supply Services Background paper for the Aguasan 24 (2008) workshop

Downloads: 41


Author: VALFREY-VISSER, B
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: Skat
Institution: Skat

Briefing Note #1: Artisan Associations

Downloads: 54


Author: UNICEF
Year of Publishing: 2007
Publisher: UNICEF
Institution:

Promoting sustainable operation and maintenance of rural water and sanitation facilities in Zambia. An Artisan Association is a formal association of masons and APMs whose primary role is WASHE service provision at a local level in their catchment area. Existing masons and APMs in UNICEF-supported districts have been encouraged and mobilized to establish associations by the D-WASHEs in their districts.

Hand Pump Mechanics Associations Improving rural water service delivery BRIEFING NOTE APRIL 2012

Downloads: 102


Author: TRIPLE-S UGANDA
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Triple-S
Institution: MWE, IRC, SNV

The purpose of this Briefing Note is to specifically provide information on the process of forming Handpump Mechanics Associations (HPMA)s, the challenges faced and possible strategies for mitigation.


DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Direct Support Post-Construction to Rural Water Service Providers Briefing Note No. 6

Downloads: 52


Author: TRIPLE-S
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Institution: Triple-S

Community-based service providers need regular, structured support that goes beyond ad hoc technical assistance. With effective support, their ability to fulfil administration, operation, and maintenance functions improves and the sustainability of water services becomes more likely. Conversely, lack of support is associated with neglect of capital maintenance, major breakdowns, and lower levels of service.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Regulation in Rural Areas Briefing Note No. 7

Downloads: 80


Author: TREMOLET, S.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Institution: Triple-S

Regulation is a key function for delivering sustainable water services, both in urban and rural environments. In the context of small towns and rural areas, it may seem difficult to introduce regulatory mechanisms that are able to apply national rules while also balancing potentially conflicting interests at the local level. For this reason, it is often necessary to adopt a mix of approaches to regulate water and sanitation services, relying on a mix of contracts, national level regulatory bodies and in some cases, regulatory relays at the local level.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Management for Sustainability Practical lessons from three studies on the management of rural water supply schemes.

Downloads: 53


Author: TAYLOR, B.
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: WaterAid
Institution:

A major sustainability challenge threatens to undermine recent efforts to increase spending on rural water supply in Tanzania. Surveys have found that only 54% of existing rural waterpoints are functional, and that only two years after installation, already a quarter of waterpoints are no longer functioning. In the rush to spend new funds, there is a risk that the sustainability of new waterpoints could drop even lower if best practices are not followed and if standards are allowed to fall.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Service Cooperatives - Solutions for Rural Water Supply in Ukraine Despro Analytical Paper No.1

Downloads: 66


Author: SOROKOVSKYI, V. and A. OLSCHEWSKI,
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Skat
Institution: Despro

After the breakdown of the Soviet Union, the centralised water supply systems in rural areas in Ukraine were no longer allocated sufficient funds for their operation and maintenance. As a consequence, many of the piping systems broke down and the level of service provision was low. In rural areas many households shifted to other sources for drinking water supply. However, a lack of quality groundwater challenges those people looking for better alternatives. A new, community-based model for water supply provision and operation and maintenance was developed by DESPRO/Skat, and has been implemented in 33 communities across Ukraine. Different organisational approaches have been used for implementation, including the service cooperative approach. In this approach, the beneficiaries are extensively involved in all levels of planning, implementation, and operation and maintenance activities. It considers equity and inclusion and looks sustainable, in terms of long-term provision of services within the current legal and economic context. This approach also shows great potential to be scaled up outside the two regions.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Functionality: The challenge to sustain rural water supply services SNV Practice Brief, Issue 5, October 2013

Downloads: 148


Author: SNV
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: SNV
Institution:

This Practice Brief is the fifth in a series of practice briefs and brings together experiences from SNV’s work in nine African countries supporting rural communities to improve their water supplies. The Brief was developed during a ‘writeshop’ in Addis Ababa in March 2013 attended by the case study writers, mainly from East and
Southern Africa, and facilitated by a core team also with members from Asia and West and Central Africa.
Case studies are available for download at www.snvworld.org

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Self Supply: The Case for Leveraging Greater Household Investment in Water Supply Briefing Note No. 3

Downloads: 103


Author: SMITS, S. and S. SUTTON
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Institution: Triple-S

Public investments in rural water supply extend first to the most accessible communities. Self supply—the development or improvement of water supplies by households largely or wholly at their own cost—is an approach that can help increase coverage in areas where it is not feasible or cost-effective to develop communal supplies. It can also supplement existing services—improving water quality, quantity, reliability, or access. Rainwater harvesting, construction and upgrading of shallow wells, and household water treatment all lend themselves to household investment.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Mapping of WASH sustainability tools WORKING PAPER 10

Downloads: 145


Author: SCHWEITZER, R., GRAYSON, C. and H. LOCKWOOD
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: IRC/Triple-S
Institution: Aguaconsult

This working paper contains the findings of a mapping of WASH sustainability tools currently in use, as well as the outcomes of a survey looking into demand: in short assessing the current state of the market for sustainability tools and identifying the gaps.

The assessment included a review of over 220 tools and presents the 25 tools with clear content and a methodology for understanding, measuring, or predicting sustainability in short practical summary sheets (1-pagers). These sheets can also be downloaded individually here .

This working paper complements an earlier Triple-S working paper that focused on five tools used by development partners to assess programmatic sustainability
( Boulenouar et al., 2013 ). The information presented in both working papers was the subject of a two part webinar series hosted by Global Water Challenge (GWC), WASH Advocates, Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN), IRC, and Aguaconsult in March 2014.

The research described in this paper was carried out by Aguaconsult, an implementing partner of IRC in Triple-S.

Atelier international sur les chaînes de distribution des pompes à pédales Développement de chaînes de distribution par le secteur privé en milieu rural

Downloads: 25


Author: SCHMID, R.
Year of Publishing: 2002
Publisher: Skat Consulting
Institution:

Le présent rapport est un résumé des contributions, discussions et conclusions de "Atelier international sur les Chaînes de Distribution des Pompes à Pédales" qui s'est tenu du 18 au 24 octobre 2002 au Palais des Congrès de Niamey au Niger.

Community Water Supply in Switzerland what can we learn from a century of successful operation?

Downloads: 103


Author: SALADIN, M.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution:

In the last decade there has been a marked shift towards decentralisation in many developing countries as responsibilities are passed from national administrations to local authorities. In many places this shift to a local approach has left the communities isolated and struggling.
Many infrastructure projects are in difficulties because of the lack of organisational support and know-how. In Switzerland, rural communities have developed and managed their own water supply networks for a long time – in some cases over 100 years. There may be lessons that have been learned in Switzerland over this period that could be helpful - if properly adapted - to communities in developing countries as they take responsibility for their own systems.

Proceedings of the 5th RWSN Forum 2006 Ghana Scaling up Local Entrepreneurship in Rural Water Supply to meet the MDGs

Downloads: 41


Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Skat Foundation, MWRWH

This document reports the proceedings of the 5th Forum of the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN), held in Accra, Ghana, 27th – 30th November 2006.
The forum was organised by the steering committee of RWSN via its secretariat, hosted by Skat Foundation in Switzerland. The event itself was hosted by the Ministry of Water Resources Works and Housing (MWRWH) of the Government of Ghana.

Handpump Data 2009 (ARCHIVE - SEE UPDATE) Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

Downloads: 998


Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Handpump data for selected countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (2007) Data for: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, DRC, Ethiopia, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

FOR CITATION PURPOSES, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN REPLACED BY:

Banks, B. & S. G. Furey (2016) What’s Working, Where, and for How Long. A 2016 Water Point Update to the RWSN (2009) statistics, GWC/Skat , RWSN, St. Gallen, Switzerland

(see link below)

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