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Sudan Drilling Status Report 2012 Development of Code of Practice for Cost Effective Boreholes and Drilling Strategy

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Author: Government of Sudan
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Government of Sudan
Institution: Drinking Water and Sanitation Unit

The Government of Sudan has developed National and State Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Strategic Plans for 2012 to 2016. Under the plans it is envisaged that several thousands of boreholes will need to be drilled annually to meet the water supply targets. The Government with UNICEF support developed 10 Principles for Cost Effective Boreholes which were adopted by stakeholders at a workshop in Khartoum in 2009 as the framework for future borehole provision in the country.
This is the report of a study to evaluate the status of drilling and drilling practices within the framework of the 10 principles and from it develop a National Code of Practice for Borehole Construction and a National Drilling Strategy for Sudan. Information were collected from the public and private sectors and the NGOs in 8 states.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

India Mark II Redesign 2007-2012 Concept Paper

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Author: MATTHEWS-FREDERICK, R.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: unpublished
Institution: Nile Centre for Alternative Technology

The following form the considered conclusions of Rowan Matthews-Frederick after managing a program with Medair, North Sudan in West Darfur which was responsible for installation and maintenance of more than 170 India Mark II hand pumps. Further to this, work has continued in constructing, testing and computer modelling some solutions to hand pump issues with Nile Centre for Alternative Technology (NileCAT). There are many other ideas yet to be pursued that have potential to increase the reliability and ease of maintenance of the hand pumps.
Although the following observations tend to focus on the engineering related issues it is not intended to take away from the importance of the ‘softer’ issues. Please forgive the predominance of using the first person and the occasional ‘royal we’. This is not intended to be a thorough going engineering report. It is born of a diverse experience and desire to provide the basic necessities to the world’s most disadvantaged people.

Guidelines to Planning Sustainable Water Projects and Selecting Appropriate Technologies Water & Sanitation Rotarian Action Group

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Author: WASRAG
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Rotary International
Institution:

The Wasrag Technical Guideline—Guidelines for Planning Sustainable Water Projects and Selecting Appropriate Technologies (and its companion guidelines, Guidelines for Planning Sustainable Sanitation Projects and Selecting Appropriate Technologies, and Guidelines for Selection Sustainable Health and Hygiene Programs) is the first step in this new e-learning program. This document reviews how to— evaluate sources of water supply evaluate water quality evaluate and select appropriate treatment technologies plan and construct a project monitor performance of the constructed project
The document is designed for Rotarians with basic levels of understanding of water issues, yet it will lead the reader to advanced levels of system design and operation.



DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Sierra Leone Waterpoint Report Review Version – 26th June 2012

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Author: Hirn, M.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Ministry of Energy & Water Resources
Institution:

A comparative study between “Rope pumps” and conventional piston pumps on water quality and other sustainability parameters Appropriate technologies for rural water supply

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Author: COLORU, B., S. MGAYA and R. POZZI-TAUBERT
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Fondazione ACRA-CCS, SHIPO
Institution:

In Tanzania there now are some 5000 Rope pumps both for small communities and Households. To compare Rope pumps with piston pumps like Afridev and Nira pumps regarding water quality, cost per capita and other aspects, the organisation ACRA effected a Comparative study. Some conclusions of the study are:
- Rural communities do not prefer piston pumps above Rope pump
-The water quality of tested Rope pumps is lower than Piston pumps but this is mainly due to bad installation. If installed right there is not much difference in water quality.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

République du Tchad - Secteur de l’Eau LOI N°16/PR/1999 portant Code de l’Eau

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Author: MINISTERE DE L’HYDRAULIQUE URBAINE ET RURALE
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: MINISTERE DE L’HYDRAULIQUE URBAINE ET RURALE
Institution: MINISTERE DE L’HYDRAULIQUE URBAINE ET RURALE

Guide pratique pour le captage de source et la construction de petits réseaux Expérience des programmes Inter Aide dans la chaîne des Montagnes Noires en Haïti

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Author: TROUILLAS, F.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Inter Aide
Institution:

Ce guide est un complément à la littérature existante sur les techniques de construction de captages et de minis-réseaux dans le sens où il relate de retours d'expériences du terrain lors de la mise en pratique concrète de réalisations.

C'est un recueil de recommandations quant à la méthodologie et dans le déroulé de tels chantiers, avec des observations et des illustrations quant aux préconisations pour la conception, sur les précautions à prendre pour la durabilité des ouvrages et des conseils pour leur entretien. Ces exemples sont en l'occurrence tirés des projets menés par Inter Aide en Haïti dans la zone des montagnes noires mais les conseils qui y sont illustrés peuvent la plupart du temps trouver leur application dans d'autres contextes.

Upgraded Family Wells in Zimbabwe (2012) A study of Upgraded Family Well technology and training

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Author: Morgan P. & Kanyemba A.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Aquamor
Institution:

Several years ago Zimbabwe embarked on a program of upgrading family owned wells. This program was fully endorsed by the GOZ and operated under the MOHCW. The program has been well documented in papers and other publications. This program was based on the fact that for many decades individual families had chosen to upgrade their own wells privately and outside the formal GOZ rural water supply and sanitation program. In the early 1980’s the number of family owned wells in Zimbabwe was estimated to be at least 100 000. Many of these were lined with bricks and had some form of head works. Many were fitted with windlasses – a legacy from the mining industry. The windlass made the bucket easier to lift and also retained the rope or chain in a hygienic position above ground. However the majority of family owned wells were poorly protected and open and were subject to contamination, especially during the rainy season and were also dangerous for children.

Domestic Rainwater Harvesting: Kenya Field Study Report 2009

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Author: Paul Omondi, Evangline Wanyama and Erik Nissen-Petersen
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: EnterpriseWorks/VITA
Institution: EnterpriseWorks/VITA

This report presents the key findings of a study relating to the domestic rainwater harvesting (DRWH) sub-sector. The field survey was conducted from March 17-30, 2009. Data was collected through visits and meetings supported by semi-structured interviews as well as observations. The principle purpose of the study was to assess the potential of rainwater harvesting (RWH) for domestic use in Kenya, and equally to collect background information necessary for a generic framework to evaluate potential commercialization of the EnterpriseWorks/Vita flexible membrane water tank concept. Essentially, the study sought to assess preferred product attributes and technical parameters needed to motivate the demand-side for this product.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Private Sector Provision of Rural Water Services A desk study for Water for People

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Author: Foster
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Water for People
Institution:

Community-based management remains the dominant approach to rural water supplies in Africa, Asia and Latin
America, though private sector provision is growing in importance

Self-supply offers a low-cost way to expand privately-managed supplies at a household level, though, with the notable exception of Zimbabwe, few formal initiatives have been scaled up beyond a pilot stage

Despite being the most common mode of rural water supply, handpumps are rarely managed by the private sector

Privately operated decentralised water treatment kiosks have emerged over the last decade (chiefly in India), though at this early stage have captured only a small share of the rural water market

Operation of piped schemes serving small towns is the most common modality of private sector involvement in rural water supplies

Full recovery of capital costs through user fees appears to be rare, particularly in rural Africa, thus widespread capital investment by private enterprises and entrepreneurs remains unlikely without external subsidies

mWASH: Mobile Phone Applications for the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Sector

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Author: Hutchings M.T., Dev A., Palaniappan M., Srinivasan V., Ramanathan N., Taylor J.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher:
Institution: Pacific Institute

A large number of the billions of people who lack basic access to safe water and sanitation can count a mobile phone as one of their few possessions. Year after year, global and national institutions struggle to provide growing populations with basic water and sanitation needs, while mobile phones have become ubiquitous in the developing world. The spread of mobile phones has greatly reduced the time and cost of communication between multiple, often remote areas. Mobile phones are increasingly being used as cost-effective tools for collecting data and disseminating information. In the past decade, water and sanitation practitioners have begun deploying mobile phones as tools to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services. In studying the deployments of mobile phone for WASH, or mWASH, applications, this paper seeks to identify best practices and help inform future mWASH implementation for current and potential implementers of mobile phone solutions in the WASH sector.

Re-imagine Reporting

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Author: Burn
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher:
Institution:

Water Point Mapping Solutions for Decision Making Using Data for Equity and Investment. The Liberia Experience

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Author: Koroma A.H.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher:
Institution: GoL

Water Point Mapping Group: A Synthesis of Experiences and Lessons discussed in 2012

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Author:
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher:
Institution: RWSN

The Zimbabwe Bush Pump (B Type) Installation Manual with notes on maintenance

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Author: MORGAN, P.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: Aquamor Pvt Ltd
Institution:

This manual is an illustrated guide on how to install and look after a Zimbabwe 'B' Bush Pump

Sustainable Supply Chains for Rural Water Services: Linking local procurement of handpumps and spare parts supply Field Note No 2011-1

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Author: HARVEY, P.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: UNICEF, SDC

There is a critical need to increase the sustainability of rural water supply services, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This Field Note outlines why current approaches to supply chain development for spare parts have not worked. It presents a set of solutions to ensure the availability of spare parts for operation and maintenance of rural water systems through integrated supply chains.

Accelerating Self Supply - Summary of progress in introducing a new approach RWSN Field Note 2011-2

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Author: SUTTON, S.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

The Ministry of Water and Environment as well as numerous Non-Government Organisations in Uganda have several years of experience in the promotion of rainwater harvesting for domestic use as well as the piloting of household-led improvements to hand-dug wells. It is becoming clear that many households are able and willing to invest in making improvements to their own water supplies. This field note documents the story of promoting such investments in Uganda from the late 1990s to 2010 and sets out a number of key issues that need to be considered as the country develops a Guiding Framework for Accelerating Access to Safe and Reliable Water through Self Supply in Uganda. These issues include the development of clear guidelines, training of the private sector, and links to planning and financial mechanisms.

Cost Effective Boreholes in Mozambique An analysis for practice under the One Million Initiative 2008 -2010

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Author: GESTI CANUTO, J. A.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: UNICEF
Institution:

This report documents the One Million Initiative experience on borehole drilling over the years 2008-2010, contrasts current practices with the nine principles of the recently released document by the Rural Water Supply Network, 'Code of Practice for Cost-Effective Boreholes'.

Rural Water Supply Network Annual Report 2010 Annual Report 2010

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Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: Skat
Institution: Rural Water Supply Network

This report covers the main achievements and activities of the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) for 2010. It focuses on the work undertaken by Skat Foundation, Sally Sutton (SWL Consultants) and Peter Harvey (UNICEF). The report also acknowledges the wi

Low Cost Handpumps RWSN Field Note 2011-3

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Author: BAUMANN, E.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Groundwater supplies provide a significant proportion of rural dwellers in the developing world with access to a safe drinking water supply and will continue to do so in the near future. With the emergence of Self Supply and its increasing acceptance, low-cost handpumps have a role to play. Twenty five years ago the emphasis was on completely enclosed pumps (for drinking water only) to avoid the contamination of the well. Over the last 10 years, cheaper and simpler pump designs have become more acceptable. This development has been strongly influ-enced by the general recognition of the self-supply approach.

This guidance note points out the strengths and limitations of a number of low cost pumps. It provides an overview of the appli-cation, technical details, materials used, installation and mainte-nance, manufacturing requirements and costs of several low cost pumps, including information on the numbers installed and locations.

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