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TAF (Etape 0) Cadre de Référence des Conditions d’Application des Technologies (TAF) Manuel Lisez-moi d'abord!

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Author: OLSCHEWSKI, A.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution:

Rapport de Recherche
L'application du Cadre de Référence des Conditions d'Application des Technologies (TAF) est fondée sur la méthodologie du TAF décrite dans le rapport de recherche (Septembre 2013).
Manuel
Ce manuel (Manuel du TAF) guidera l'utilisateur du TAF, tout au long des quatre étapes de l'évaluation, l’une après l’autre. Les numéros 1, 2, 3 ou 4 renvoient toujours aux étapes respectives du TAF. Toutes les informations nécessaires à l’application du TAF sont disponibles dans ce manuel et dans les annexes.

Guide d’introduction des technologies d’eau et d’assainissement au Burkina Faso TIP Guidelines

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Author: EEA/WSA
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution:

Situé au coeur de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, le Burkina Faso (anciennement appelé Haute Volta) couvre une superficie de 274000 km2. Ce pays sans débouché maritime est limité au sud par la Cote d’Ivoire, le Ghana, le Togo et le Bénin au Nord et à l’Ouest par le Mali et à l’Est par Niger. Avec une population de 15.746.232 habitants en 2009 d’après les statistiques de l’INSD (Institut Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie) et un taux de croissance de la population de 8% en 2012.
Selon le rapport 2012 du PN AEPA, le taux d’accès à l’eau était de 63% en milieu rural et 84% en milieu urbain en 2012. Le taux d’accès à l’assainissement était de 27% en milieu urbain. Le secteur de l’eau et de l’assainissement dispose de plusieurs types de technologies. Ces technologies sont difficilement adoptées dans les stratégies nationales des pays Africains. Beaucoup d’entre elles ne sont pas prises en compte par les entreprises privées. La contrainte majeure pour toucher tous les acteurs du secteur semble être le manque de système pour évaluer le potentiel des technologies qui existent et le manque d’habileté pour prendre en compte de nouvelles technologies pour les mettre à l’échelle. WASHTech veut résoudre ce problème à travers la recherche sur un processus innovant pour évaluer le potentiel et la durabilité de plusieurs nouvelles technologies et concevoir des stratégies réussies pour leur mise à l’échelle. Dans ce cadre deux outils innovants à savoir le Technology Assessment Framework (TAF) et le Technology Introduction Process (TIP) ont été développés.
Ce document présente la démarche méthodologique pour l’introduction des technologies dans le domaine de l’eau et de l’assainissement dans le contexte du Burkina Faso.

Processus de Renforcement de la Durabilité et la Mise à l’Echelle des Services d’AEPHA Élaboration du Cadre de Référence des Conditions d'Application des Technologie et du Guide de Mise des Technologies sur le Marché Rapport de recherche

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Author: Olschewski, A. et Casey, V
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution: Skat Foundation et WaterAid

L'évaluation des technologies d'eau et d'assainissement pour garantir leur durabilité

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Author: Eau et Assainissement pour l’Afrique (EAA)
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution:

L’équipe de recherche est pilotée au Burkina par EAA et WaterAid avec l’implication de nombreux acteurs et institutions du secteur. À terme, l’outil TAF doit devenir une propriété du secteur sans cesse perfectible par ses acteurs afin d’intégrer les systèmes de suivi évaluation des technologies d’eau et assainissement au Burkina.

Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources and Adaptation in the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector in Nicaragua Environment & Water Resources Occasional Paper Series

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Author: World Bank
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: World Bank
Institution:

Climate change is at the top of the development agenda in Central America. This region, together with the Caribbean, is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change in Latin America. Climate change is manifesting itself through higher average temperatures and more frequent droughts that result in higher water stress, and through the rising frequency of extreme weather events such as tropical storms, hurricanes, floods and landslides, all of which pose significant challenges in the rural water supply and sanitation sector. The paper starts with a review of the historic data on temperature and precipitation trends in Central America and particularly at the regional level in Nicaragua. The data reveal a clear trend of the growing climate variability, increased water stress for crops, and greater frequency of extreme weather events. The rising intensity and frequency of ex-treme weather events is among the most critical risks to the region's development agenda, and they translate into high economic losses. This paper examines the impacts and implications of potential climate change on water resources in Nicaragua and makes key recommendations to integrate climate change and rural water supply and sanitation policies and programs in a way that increase resilience to current and future climate conditions.
DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Engaging Non-state Providers in Rural Water Supply Services Documentation of Experiences in India

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Author: World Bank
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: World Bank
Institution:

Taking an integrated approach to the country's rural water supply issues, Government of India's (GoI's) National Rural Drinking Water Program (NRDWP) focusses on the key aspects of source and system sustainability. System sustainability is inextricably linked to both technical and financial aspects of operations of rural water supply schemes. A key plank of NRDWP's approach as well as that of the sector reform project that preceded it is the devolution of Operations and Maintenance (O&M) functions, particularly related to distribution at the village level, to Gram Panchayats (GPs), or local government entities, through the formation of Village Water and Sanitation Committees (VWSCs). However, the lack of substantive community engagement in planning and implementation of schemes as well as capacity constraints in GPs has limited the spread and implementation of this approach. As reported in a recent study for the Planning Commission (PC, 2010), only a fourth of GPs surveyed reported VWSCs and less than one percent of the respondents were aware of the VWSCs' existence.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Functionality: The challenge to sustain rural water supply services SNV Practice Brief, Issue 5, October 2013

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Author: SNV
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: SNV
Institution:

This Practice Brief is the fifth in a series of practice briefs and brings together experiences from SNV’s work in nine African countries supporting rural communities to improve their water supplies. The Brief was developed during a ‘writeshop’ in Addis Ababa in March 2013 attended by the case study writers, mainly from East and
Southern Africa, and facilitated by a core team also with members from Asia and West and Central Africa.
Case studies are available for download at www.snvworld.org

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Water quality testing to establish whether high iron originates from corrosion of pump components or the aquifer Method Sheet

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Author: BROWN, L.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WaterAid
Institution:

The Problem:
(1) Production of a red/brown coloured discharge first thing in the morning. This is caused by the discharge of corrosion products that have accumulated in the well during the night when there was no pumping. In most cases, the discharge clears up as the solid corrosion products are removed from the well.

(2) Discolouration of water which was clear when pumped, but develops a red/brown discolouration after a few minutes to hours. This is the result of the oxidation of ferrous iron (Fe2+) to ferric iron (Fe3+), which causes the precipitation of iron hydroxides and oxides. This could be caused by either naturally high ferrous iron in the aquifer, or the addition of iron to the well water from corrosion of handpump components.

TAF (Etape 1): Questions D’Analyse pour : Exhaure (Eau) Identification, Contexte et Questions d’Analyse Détaillée

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Author: OLSCHEWSKI, A.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution:

Cadre de référence des Conditions d’Application des Technologies (TAF)

C'est la feuille de dépistage pour les appareils de levage de l'eau (par exemple des pompes manuelles ou pompes motorisées). Il est utilisé en premier avant de passer aux fiches indicateurs TAF.

Elle peut être utilisée pour des technologies qui sont nouveaux ou existants dans le contexte que vous évaluez.

TAF (Etape 2): Eau– disponible – Général Indicateur d'évaluation Fiche

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Author: OLSCHEWSKI, A.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution:

Ce paquet de 18 feuilles de notation permet au groupe de l'utilisateur d'évaluer l'applicabilité de toute technologie d'approvisionnement en eau dans un dans un contexte où il a déjà été mis en place.

Ils sont situés à des situations où vous voulez évaluer les succès, les échecs, les opportunités et les obstacles à la technologie d'alimentation en eau existant.

Small town water services Trends, challenges and models

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Author: ADANK
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Institution:

Relatively new and emerging categories of human settlements, such as small towns, may require a different set of service arrangements to facilitate the provision of water. In this paper, Adank presents the main features and understanding of what constitutes "small towns" to determine the most appropriate water service arrangement for this new phenomenon. Findings of the paper point out to challenges in developing a clear typology for small towns and assigning one single model for delivering small town water services. Amidst this layer of ambiguity however, Adank draws examples from different arrangements serving "small towns" in countries, and provides compelling evidence that: a) different models and arrangements have been tested and have worked; b) there is a growing role for private sector involvement; and c) there is a need to revisit institutional and regulatory frameworks, as well as funding models, to finance capital maintenance. This paper concludes with a list of resources for further reading, and provides contact details of some organisations whose work focus on "small towns"

Framework for Water Source Protection Ministry of Water & Environment, Uganda

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Author: MWE
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: Ministry of Water & Environment
Institution: Directorate of Water Resource Management

These guidelines were developed as part of the wider operationalisation of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM). The basis of the guidelines is developing a 'Water Source Protection Plan', which bridges the gap between Water Safety Planning, payment for watershed services and IWRM. The planning process encourages the owners/operators of water infrastructure (pumping stations, dams, valley tanks, boreholes) to identify the people in the catchment area for their water source whose activities may be impacting the quantity, quality or reliability of their water supply, and then to agree a mutually beneficial plan of action.

Of the five volumes, three are currently available from MWE from their website (or below)

District Implementation Manual

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Author:
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: Government of Uganda
Institution:

In April 2012, the Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE), with support from the Sustainable Services at Scale (Triple-S) Project of IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC/Triple-S) embarked on the Review and Update of the District Implementation Manual (DIM) for Water and Sanitation sector. The review and update process was premised on the need to have a more relevant DIM that took into consideration changes in the water and sanitation sub-sector, changes in national policy and in planning frameworks since the production of the first version of the DIM in 2007.

Monitoring and sustaining services lessons learned from WaterAid’s post-implementation monitoring surveys and the use of information and communications technology

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Author: Hinds R., Nhaurire A.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher:
Institution: WaterAid

WaterAid has prioritised the sustainability of its interventions through the development of a Sustainability framework (2011) that sets out the organisation‟s understanding of sustainability and how it can be achieved. As part of this growing concern and commitment to providing service provisions that last, WaterAid also decided to roll out Post-Implementation Monitoring Surveys (PIMS) across its country programmes. This enables WaterAid to monitor, assess and ensure that the water and sanitation services implemented through local partners and governments have lasting benefits for all.

Institutionalizing monitoring of rural water services in Latin America Lessons from El Salvador, Honduras and Paraguay

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Author: Smits S., Uytewaal E., Sturzenegger G.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher:
Institution: IDB

In the last two years, various countries in Latin America have begun monitoring rural water supply service delivery, largely driven by two objectives: 1) to establish rural water inventories for investment planning, and 2) to better target post-construction support. For such monitoring systems not to face sustainability challenges, clear insti- tutional and nancial arrangements must be established. The International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and the Spanish Cooperation Agency for International Development (AE- CID) have been supporting the design and implementation of such monitoring systems in El Salvador, Honduras and Paraguay. In coordination with local sector agencies, a methodology to de ne an institutional framework for monitoring was developed and tested. This paper provides an overview of the approach, including examples and cost estimates from the three countries.

Information and Communication Technologies for monitoring sustainable service delivery Keynote paper for Topic 4 of "Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium", 9 to 11 April 2013, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Author: Pearce J., Welle K.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher:
Institution: WA, ITAD, IRC

This keynote paper sets the scene for a three-day exploration of ICTs for monitoring sustainable WASH service delivery as part of a wider symposium on Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery, organised by IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC). The keynote situates ICT WASH innovations in the wider context of ICT and development. It explores the current trends and challenges related to monitoring the WASH-related MDGs, and then focuses on the specific role of ICTs in WASH monitoring. It presents current developments in ICT innovations within WASH monitoring and discusses major challenges identified in a recent e-discussion on Water Point Mapping (WPM) held in January-February 2013 (Pearce and Howman, 2013). A summary of lessons from challenges related to ICT innovations in health sector service delivery monitoring leads to the presentation of major topics within the ICT theme at the Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium.

A Synthesis of the 2013 RWSN Water Point Mapping Group e-discussion: Week 3 Decision Making & Updating

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Author:
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher:
Institution: RWSN

A Synthesis of the 2013 RWSN Water Point Mapping Group e-discussion: Week 1 Planning

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Author:
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher:
Institution: RWSN

Water use master plan

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Author: M. Bhatta
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher:
Institution: Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation

A water use master plan supports the development of integrated water resources at the local level; all stakeholders, including disadvantaged groups, take part in the plan.

A water use master plan (WUMP) is a holistic, participatory, and inclusive planning process that takes an integrated approach to the management of water resources and uses at the village level. The WUMP specifies the total water budget for its planning unit, the village development committee (VDC), and explores potential uses for it. It empowers marginalized groups to claim their rights to an equitable share of water within and between communities. The WUMP also helps local bodies with annual and periodic planning and project prioritization.

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