27.07.2015 - 31.07.2015

38th WEDC International Conference Sustainable Water and Sanitation Services for All in a Fast Changing World • Loughborough UK

23.08.2015 - 28.08.2015

World Water Week 2015 Stockholm • Stockholm, Sweden

26.10.2015 - 30.10.2015

Water and Health 2015 University of North Carolina • Chapel Hill, USA

News • Announcements


Website Updating site Web Actualisation

Following your feedback, we are improving the navigation of this website so that it is easier for you to find information on topics that are of most interest to you. As we implement new features or layout you may notice some changes - thanks for your patience as we get this sorted.. | »


Self-supply is now rolling out on a large scale in Ethiopia l’auto-approvisionnement se répand maintenant à une large échelle en Ethiopie

Within the Millennium Water Alliance project practical Self–supply training was conducted in Ethiopia by IRC in the framework of the implementation of the ONE WASH strategy. Various options for business models are being evaluated and supply-chains strengthened. IRC published guidelines on how to develop Self-supply action plans. Other international partners include the African Development Bank who support the Ethiopian government in improving and monitoring Self-supply. More information on training and documentation: Lemessa Mekonta at [mekonta @] or John Butterworth [butterworth @] | »


Essential reading for any organisation installing handpumps in DRC Est-ce que votre organisation a installé des pompes manuelles dans l’est de la RDC? Une étude met en exergue la nécessité d’améliorer les services d’eau plutôt que le nombre de projets d’eau

A new report, commissioned by UNICEF “Supply chain analysis of handpumps and spare parts in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo” by A-aqua and Fontes Foundation found many failed handpump projects by NGOs, UN Agencies and government because: “Usually, no spare parts ordered together with handpumps by implementing actor”; “No market for spare parts because handpumps are ordered outside the locally established market”; “Lacking or only incomplete training of hand pump mechanics”; “No follow up or training after installation of handpump”. | »


Clean water from good boreholes critical to Ebola response De l’eau propre issue de forages fonctionnels: élément essentiel pour lutter contre Ebola

Ensuring that medical facilities have sufficient quantities and quality of water is critical as the crisis in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea continues. For those agencies working these areas and who maybe drilling boreholes we strongly recommend that you refer to the RWSN Code of Practice for Cost Effective Boreholes to make sure work is being done to a high quality and a reasonable cost. French versions of all the companion volumes will be available very soon. | »


GLAAS 2014 – the most important report that you probably haven’t heard of GLAAS 2014 – probablement le rapport le plus important que vous avez jamais vu

(With thanks to WASH Advocates for their timely email and blog post) GLAAS is UN-water GLobal Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and drinking-water. It “provides a global update on the policy frameworks, institutional arrangements, human resource base, and international and national finance streams in support of sanitation and drinking-water.” This sounds boring, but it is important. In the 2014 GLAAS report there many important general recommendations about lack of funding, dependence on external funding, lack of human resources in the WASH sector and major monitoring gaps, however for rural water supply specifically: - More can be done to improve WASH in schools and health centres, particularly in rural areas. Only 19 of 93 surveyed countries have national policies on drinking water in schools that are being funded and implemented. - Only 23% of 93 surveyed countries reported a high level of implementation of measures to keep rural water supplies functioning over the long-term. - Drinking-water quality surveillance is far greater in urban areas: nearly 70% of countries report surveillance in urban areas compared to only 40% in rural areas. - Household expenditure for access and use of WASH services in the form of tariffs (i.e. payments to service providers) and self-supply (out-of-pocket expenses) has previously been recognized as a knowledge gap in WASH financing. - It is acknowledged that some of the 19 surveyed countries are likely under-reporting household contributions, especially in rural areas that may not be served by a formal service provider, and where households may make significant non-monetary investments. - Rural populations in 19 countries surveyed represent 71% of the unserved, but benefit from only 19% of the expenditures for sanitation and drinking-water. 75% of WASH aid is targeted towards urban areas. - Basic WASH services receive a lower proportion of overall aid for water and sanitation than for large systems. - Spending of funds allocated for rural water in 67 countries has increased from 42% in 2011 to 60% in 2013, which is marginally higher than urban water and sanitation (rural and urban). Countries cite procurement and disbursement procedure complexity and delays as the top two reasons for under-utilization of donor commitments, while donors cite limited national capacity and operational delays. - Less than 25% of WASH aid is targeted towards maintaining existing services. John Oldfield at WASH Advocates recommends the following: Nonprofits and implementing agencies: - Focus more on local government and community capacity-building; on the poorest of the poor (predominantly rural); on sanitation and hygiene as key components of an integrated WASH program; on enabling environments including policy advocacy; on sustainable financial models appropriate to local contexts; on monitoring and evaluation (particularly long after the ribbon-cutting ceremony); and on converting the high levels of political commitment we see in the GLAAS report to tangible country-level action. - Work alongside or within government (national and local) systems in your program countries rather than in spite of the local government; support those governments' efforts to develop and strengthen their own capacity to monitor and evaluate WASH efforts rather than imposing your own. Private, corporate, and government funders: - Think less about how many wells you can buy, and more about how to have a transformative impact in your program countries and communities. Start with a problem, and fund the appropriate solution set, not vice versa. - Seek out and fund efforts as outlined above; ask your potential US and local grantees tough questions early in the proposal process about technical and financial sustainability and appropriateness. Are you helping to transform a community, or just creating/deepening dependencies? - Support programs designed to leave behind capacity, not holes. Some of the best/promising initiatives we are following most closely now include: Water For People's Everyone Forever campaign;'s Watercredit ; WASH policy advocacy efforts at various levels, including the Sanitation and Water for All Partnership, End Water Poverty, and the WASH Advocacy Challenge.; Sustainable Service Delivery - Focus less on the low hanging fruit (e.g. large drinking water projects in dense urban environments) and more on the most difficult people to reach as identified by the GLAAS report (e.g. small rural or per-urban integrated sanitation programs). - Think beyond the household: fund WASH efforts in healthcare facilities and schools, in part to prevent the next Ebola or cholera outbreak from becoming an epidemic. | »

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