RWSN Resources

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Author Year Downloads Title

Zambia - Report on Baseline Survey of Household Waterpoints Nchelenge and Chienge Districts - July 2008

Downloads: 34

Author: MADAVINE, T.
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: Engineers Without Borders Canada/DAPP
Institution: UNICEF Zambia

This study is focussing on Nchelenge and Chienge Districts and is based on the information collected during the field surveys performed in April and May 2008 by Development Aid from People to People (DAPP). DAPP is the implementing non-governmental organization of the Self Supply Program in these two districts.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Who is going to drill the African Boreholes?

Downloads: 116

Author: ROBINSON, A.,
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP, Skat

Private drillers form an essential segment of the borehole drilling sector in Africa. More needs to be known about their abilities and the contribution they can make. Case studies of entrepreneurial drilling companies in four African countries are used to illustrate business strategies and common constraints, and possible ways forward.

Where does the water flow? Roads runoff, soil erosion, groundwater, livelihoods and poverty alleviation in Tigray, Ethiopia

Downloads: 43

Author: Welle, K., R. Alba, J. Demenge, A. Addisu and K. Manjur
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Institute of Development Studies, University of Mekelle, Meta Meta Research

The study is part of the UpGro project. Unlocking the Potential of Groundwater for the Poor (UPGro). Based on fieldwork conducted in 2014 in the semi‐arid region of Tigray, Ethiopia, this report explores the physical and socio‐economic impacts of road related surface and groundwater flows – and how people cope with and adapt to them. We argue that two distinctive objectives of improving road connectivity and improving water availability for irrigation – are linked and could be served by the same infrastructure, which we call multifunctional roads.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Wells Construction Hand Dug and Hand Drilled

Downloads: 480

Author: BRUSH, R. E.
Year of Publishing: 1979
Publisher: Peace Corps
Institution: Information Collection & Exchange

This manual is for development works involved in the construction of wells to supply water to a local population for personal consumption. It has been designed to help field workers with little or no construction experience to assist communities in: planning and designing a well appropriate to the needs of the local population; assessing the advantages or disadvantages of locally available construction materials.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Well Digging A Guide to the Construction and Protection of Hand Dug Wells

Downloads: 593

Author: LAVER, S.
Year of Publishing: 1980
Institution: GTZ, Blair Research Laboratory

This book is written in a non-technical language and is tells the reader how to dig a shallow well, protect a shallow well and improve a traditional well.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Well Construction Manual

Downloads: 308

Author: LJSSS
Year of Publishing: 1987
Publisher: Sarvodaya Rural Technical Services
Institution: Lanka Jathika Sarvodaya Shramadana Sangamaya

This manual is a hand tool for the villagers and the workers who are actually doing the job of digging wells.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Webinar Series 2014 (RAIN - RWSN) Interactive webinars that aim promote sharing of knowledge and experience in rainwater harvesting

Downloads: 463

Author: FUREY S. G.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RAIN/RWSN
Institution: RAIN/RWSN

The idea is simple. There is hardly a place in the world where it never rains. Rainwater belongs to everyone. And the methods to collect, store, use and reuse rainwater (to ‘harvest’ rainwater) are easy to apply. So why not spread those methods around the world?

RAIN Foundation and RWSN are collaborating on increasing understanding and uptake of rainwater harvesting, and connecting with people who are looking for help in implementing these systems.

This series of webinars show cases some of the innovative approaches being undertaken around the world.

Water Well Guidelines for use in Developing Countries

Downloads: 1629

Author: SCHNEIDER, S. J.
Year of Publishing: 2014

These guidelines are considered minimum requirements for basic protection of the groundwater resource and for the health and safety of those that develop and use the resource. These guidelines are intended to address basic water supply well construction, pumping equipment, and maintenance issues. Water supply wells include wells designed for domestic, municipal, community, industrial, commercial, irrigation and/or livestock water supply use in addition to aquifer storage (injection) and recovery wells.

WASH Technology Information Packages for UNICEF WASH Programme and Supply Personnel

Downloads: 344

Year of Publishing: 2010
Publisher: UNICEF
Institution: Skat

The Technology Information Packages (TIPS) provide technology selection guidelines for UNICEF WASH programme officers and partner organisations, enabling them to better help communities make informed choices about water and sanitation technology.

WASH Self-Supply Sierra Leone Investing in household ownership and market-systems for sustainable water supply and sanitation

Downloads: 124

Author: BUNDUKA, L. E.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: Welthungerhilfe

Presentation on the potential for accelerating self supply in Sierra Leone

WASH Self-Supply in Sierra Leone Perspectives and Options

Downloads: 78

Author: Gelhard, M.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Welthungerhilfe
Institution: Welthungerhilfe/WaterAid

The paper summarizes the findings of an independent evaluation of two DFID-funded projects implemented by Welthungerhilfe and WaterAid to specifically test a market based approach to self-supply in Sierra Leone. The findings presented indicate a good potential for self-supply to complement communal water services where formal service providers attribute lower priority to target smaller remote and inaccessible communities (population of 150 persons and below).

Includes a Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) assessment of the EMAS flexi-pump.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Upgraded Well Manual for Field Workers

Downloads: 341

Author: MORGAN, P.
Year of Publishing: 1995
Publisher: Mvuramanzi Trust

This field manual brings together knowledge of the technique of upgrading simple shallow wells, a method ideally suited to the family homestead.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Upgraded Family Wells in Zimbabwe (2012) A study of Upgraded Family Well technology and training

Downloads: 40

Author: Morgan P. & Kanyemba A.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Aquamor

Several years ago Zimbabwe embarked on a program of upgrading family owned wells. This program was fully endorsed by the GOZ and operated under the MOHCW. The program has been well documented in papers and other publications. This program was based on the fact that for many decades individual families had chosen to upgrade their own wells privately and outside the formal GOZ rural water supply and sanitation program. In the early 1980’s the number of family owned wells in Zimbabwe was estimated to be at least 100 000. Many of these were lined with bricks and had some form of head works. Many were fitted with windlasses – a legacy from the mining industry. The windlass made the bucket easier to lift and also retained the rope or chain in a hygienic position above ground. However the majority of family owned wells were poorly protected and open and were subject to contamination, especially during the rainy season and were also dangerous for children.

Upgraded Family Wells in Zimbabwe Household Level Water Supplies for Multiple Uses

Downloads: 19

Author: ROBINSON, O.
Year of Publishing: 2002
Publisher: WSP/World Bank

Most drinking-water programmes of governments, NGOs and external support agencies concentrate on public supplies, for domestic purposes only. In Zimbabwe, however, the long-established upgraded family well (UFW) programme has two particularly interesting features. Each household invests in and manages its own water supply without depending on the government for maintenance; the same water source is often used for both domestic and productive purposes, which can considerably increase the incomes of poor people.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Une brève histoire des puits forés à la main au Niger

Downloads: 110

Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: RWSN/WSP

La présente note brosse l?histoire des techniques de forage à la main et de pompage d?eau introduites au Niger au cours des trente dernières années et que les entreprises locales, les agriculteurs et les ménages ont désormais bien en main.

The Uganda Self Supply Pilot Project 2006 - 2008

Downloads: 34

Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: RWSN

Following baseline research carried out in 2005, the self-supply pilot project was undertaken over a duration of about 16 months between late 2006 and early 2008. The pilot was supported in various ways and at various times by the Directorate of Water Development, the Water and Sanitation Programme (WSP) of the World Bank, the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN), and the international NGO WaterAid.

The Technology Applicability Framework. A Participatory Tool to Validate Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Technologies for Low-Income Urban Areas in S. Hostettler et al. (eds.), Technologies for Development,

Downloads: 99

Author: Olschewski, A. and V. Casey
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: Springer International Publishing

Decision-makers as well as practitioners in the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) sector are facing serious challenges to keep existing WASH infrastructure in operation or to ensure provision of lasting and adequate WASH services. In many countries there are no tested procedures for assessing sustainability and scalability of new or existing technologies for providing adequate and lasting WASH services in a specific context.

The TAF was field tested on 13 WASH technologies in three countries: Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Uganda. This paper presents the findings from the testing of the TAF and highlights potentials and limits of its applicability
for assessing the sustainable application and scalability of WASH technologies.
Relevant documents on the methodology, the testing as well as case studies and manuals are accessible in the public domain through

The Rope Pump Concept

Downloads: 166

Author: ERPF, K.
Year of Publishing: 2005
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat

This document contains a general guide for local Rope Pump manufacture. It addresses a readership interested in this appropriate technology for water lifting who considers introducing the Rope Pump locally. Only generic features of the Rope Pump Concept are explained and hints for successful pump production are given.
Information of various sources were collected and put together as a guideline for those who are intending to start local production of Rope Pumps. Main sources were: Practica Foundation of The Netherlands, Bombas de Mecate in Nicaragua, TARATRA in Madagascar, and others.

The risks of a technology-based MDG indicator for rural water supply 33rd WEDC International Conference, Accra, Ghana, 2008

Downloads: 13

Author: SUTTON, S.
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: WEDC - Water, Engineering and Development Centre

The MDG indicator for access to safe water equates technology with water quality based largely on designed rather than observed capacity to block routes of faecal contamination. This is a useful driver for donor and government investment in rural water supplies but does not show the whole story.

Technology Transfer Newsletter April 2005

Downloads: 9

Author: BAUMANN, E.
Year of Publishing: 2005
Publisher: RWSN

Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) grew out of the Handpump Technology Network (HTN) when the network broadened its mission from handpumps to focus on rural water supply. The three new flagship activities (drilling, sustainable handpumps and self-supply)

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