RWSN Resources

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Author Year Downloads Title

- Atelier Final, Dakar, Senegal, 8 Avrill 2015: Utilisation de la télédétection et de la modélisation du terrain pour l'identification des zones favorables aux forages manuels - Final Workshop, Dakar, 8 April 2015: Remote sensing and terrain modelling to identify suitable zones for manual drilling in Africa

Downloads: 328

Author: FUSSI, F. et al.
Year of Publishing: 2015

This set of presentation was given at the closing workshop in Dakar, 8 April 2015 of the UPGro Catalyst project : "Use of remote sensing and terrain modelling to map manual drilling potential in Senegal and Guinea"

A Brief History of Hand Drilled Wells in Niger Only the beginning

Downloads: 222

Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: RWSN

This field note describes the history of hand drilling and water-lifting techniques introduced in Niger over 30 years and now firmly in the hands of local enterprises, farmers and water users. Recommendations for the way forward are included.

A Brief Review of Groundwater for Rural Water Supply in sub-Saharan Africa Technical Report

Downloads: 539

Author: MACDONALD, A., and J. DAVIES
Year of Publishing: 2000
Publisher: British Geological Survey
Institution: DFID, NERC

Groundwater has proved the most reliable resource for meeting rural water demand in sub-Saharan Africa. There are four main hydrogeological environments in SSA. Each of these broad categories requires different methods for finding and abstracting groundwater.

A Community Resource Book for the Water and Sanitation Sector

Downloads: 550

Author: DWD
Year of Publishing: 2007
Publisher: Ministry of Water and Environment, Republic of Uganda
Institution: Directorate of Water Development

This Community Resource Book has been prepared to provide communities, and especially any active person or group within communities (e.g. Water User Groups), with good knowledge in matters concerning the planning for, management and maintenance of water supply and sanitation facilities. The Book also provides guidance on how to improve the hygiene and sanitation practices at community and household level. In addition it outlines the roles and responsibilities of the respective communities, its leaders as well as key bodies and institutions that are involved in the process of implementing, rehabilitating and maintaining rural water and sanitation activities.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

A Comparative Evaluation Of Ultra Deep-Well Handpumps MSc THESIS Academic Year: 2011 - 2012

Downloads: 239

Author: CORNET, L.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Cranfield University
Institution: SCHOOL OF APPLIED SCIENCES Water Management: Community Water and Sanitation

Permission has been granted to publish on the RWSN website by the author, Lucas Cornet, and by Dr Alison Parker (Cranfield University) and Erik Harvey (WaterAid)


Handpump technology is documented as being the best option for the water supply of rural communities in the developing world. However, it has been observed that the amount of available handpump models significantly drops as water tables get deeper. Many handpumps are therefore expected to operate beyond their design specifications, which is responsible for many failures of handpump projects. This paper compares a total of 12 ultra deep-well handpumps (UDWHPs), with a pumping lift higher than 60 m, in terms of technologies, materials, outputs, costs and maintenance potentialities.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

A comparative study between “Rope pumps” and conventional piston pumps on water quality and other sustainability parameters Appropriate technologies for rural water supply

Downloads: 100

Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Fondazione ACRA-CCS, SHIPO

In Tanzania there now are some 5000 Rope pumps both for small communities and Households. To compare Rope pumps with piston pumps like Afridev and Nira pumps regarding water quality, cost per capita and other aspects, the organisation ACRA effected a Comparative study. Some conclusions of the study are:
- Rural communities do not prefer piston pumps above Rope pump
-The water quality of tested Rope pumps is lower than Piston pumps but this is mainly due to bad installation. If installed right there is not much difference in water quality.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

A Comparative Study on Water Well Drilling Costs in Kenya

Downloads: 3781

Author: DOYEN, J.
Year of Publishing: 2003
Publisher: UNDP-World Bank

This paper presents the main findings of a comparative study on water well drilling costs in Kenya. It outlines the main factors influencing the costs per unit in various geological environments. The study focused primarily on cost factors that can be influenced by geological investigations, well design and construction supervision.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

A preliminary study of training artisans in upgradeable techniques for family owned wells

Downloads: 77

Author: MORGAN, P. and A. KANYEMBA
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Aquamor Pvt Ltd

Several years ago Zimbabwe embarked on a program of upgrading family owned wells. This program was fully endorsed by the GOZ and operated under the MOHCW. The program has been well documented in papers and other publications. This program was based on the fact that for many decades individual families had chosen to upgrade their own wells privately and outside the formal GOZ rural water supply and sanitation program.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

A short history of the Zimbabwe Bush Pump Water and Sanitation in Zimbabwe

Downloads: 43

Author: MORGAN, P.
Year of Publishing: 2010
Publisher: Aquamor Pvt Ltd

A presentation illustrating the history of the Zimbabwe Bush Pump from 1933 to the present day.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Afridev: Carta Manuntenção das Bombas Manual Afridev

Downloads: 247

Author: ERPF, K.
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat

Carta Manuntenção das Bombas Manual Afridev

An Assessment of the EMAS Pump and its Potential for Use in Household Water Systems in Uganda University of South Florida MSc Thesis

Downloads: 85

Author: CARPENTER, J. D.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Rural improved water supply coverage in Uganda has stagnated around 64% for a number of years and at this point more than 10 million rural people do not have access to an improved drinking water source. It has been recognized that progress toward improved water supply coverage and increased service levels may be gained through Government and nongovernmental organization (NGO) support of private investment in household and shared water supplies, commonly known as Self-supply.
There are indications that low-cost wells and underground rainwater tanks are applicable in many parts of Uganda and could be paired with an EMAS Pump to achieve significant affordability for Self-supply household water systems. Recommendations are provided in terms of the feasibility of introducing the EMAS Pump as a part of Self-supply strategies in Uganda.

An Evaluation of the BluePump in Kenya and Gambia

Downloads: 63

Author: Foster, T. & McSorely, B.
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: University of Technology Sydney & Oxfam
Institution: Institute for Sustainable Futures

This report presents the results of an evaluation of the Fairwater BluePump, an emerging rural water supply technology in sub-Saharan Africa. Claims about the BluePump’s durability and minimal maintenance requirements have provoked significant interest within the rural water sector. This evaluation set out to assess the suitability of the BluePump as a rural water supply technology, taking into account its operational performance, the experiences of water users, the views of local stakeholders, and the broader contextual factors that impinge upon its sustainability.

Assessing the Risk to Groundwater from On-Site Sanitation Guidelines for

Downloads: 67

Author: Lawrence, A., Macdonald, D., Howard, A., Barrett, M., Pedley, S., Ahmed, K., Nalubega, M.
Year of Publishing: 2001
Publisher: British Geological Survey 2001

There has been encouraging progress with access to safe drinking water and sanitation in both rural and urban areas since the United Nations Water Decade of the 1980s. However, more than 1 billion people around the world still lack access to safe water supplies and more than 2.4 billion are without adequate sanitation. A substantial majority of these people live in Asia where the lack of sanitation provision is particularly acute. In Africa, over one third of the population still remains without access to safe water and sanitation, and many of these can only be served by groundwater. The need for renewed efforts to improve the situation is recognised in DFID's recently published water strategy paper - ''Addressing the Water Crisis - Healthier and More Productive Lives for Poor People''.

These guidelines are an important contribution to risk assessment and the avoidance of the contamination of groundwater supplies from on-site sanitation. They have been development as part of a project funded by DFID through the water component of the Infrastructure and Urban Development Division's Knowledge and Research Programme.

Assessment of Groundwater Investigations and Borehole Drilling Capacity in Uganda

Downloads: 425

Author: SLOOTS, R.
Year of Publishing: 2010
Publisher: UNICEF
Institution: Ministry of Water and Environment, Republic of Uganda

The report describes the legislative and institutional framework of the sector. The Directorate of Water Resources Management regulates the water drilling in Uganda. The Directorate licenses the drilling contractors and issues permits for drilling and water abstraction, and collects data for the national groundwater database.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Assessment of the Feasibility for Manual Drilling in Chad Report Phase I

Downloads: 50

Author: GAYA, S., FUSSI, F. and A. VAN DER WAL
Year of Publishing: 2005
Publisher: Practica Foundation
Institution: UNICEF Chad, Oxfam GB

The overall objective of this project is to study all aspects related to the potential of manual drilling for construction of save drinking water wells.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Atelier international sur les chaînes de distribution des pompes à pédales Développement de chaînes de distribution par le secteur privé en milieu rural

Downloads: 25

Author: SCHMID, R.
Year of Publishing: 2002
Publisher: Skat Consulting

Le présent rapport est un résumé des contributions, discussions et conclusions de "Atelier international sur les Chaînes de Distribution des Pompes à Pédales" qui s'est tenu du 18 au 24 octobre 2002 au Palais des Congrès de Niamey au Niger.


Downloads: 70

Author: Ibrahim Mamadou
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: Enterprise Works/Vita

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Briefing Note #1: Artisan Associations

Downloads: 54

Author: UNICEF
Year of Publishing: 2007
Publisher: UNICEF

Promoting sustainable operation and maintenance of rural water and sanitation facilities in Zambia. An Artisan Association is a formal association of masons and APMs whose primary role is WASHE service provision at a local level in their catchment area. Existing masons and APMs in UNICEF-supported districts have been encouraged and mobilized to establish associations by the D-WASHEs in their districts.

Burkina Faso: Summary of Findings of 2009 Drilling Study and Draft National Code of Conduct Code of Practice for Cost-Effective Boreholes

Downloads: 61

Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: UNICEF, USAID

Under the umbrella of the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN), SKAT has been commissioned by USAID / UNICEF to study how to optimize the costs of boreholes construction in the three countries of Zambia, Ghana and Burkina Faso. The main output of the studies is the definition of a national protocol/code of conduct for the construction of boreholes specific to each country.

Bush Pump Zimbabwe Standard Specification

Downloads: 105

Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: The Zimbabwe Government
Institution: Department of Water Resources and Development

The Bush Pump has been used in Zimbabwe for over 60 years. It was first designed in 1933 by Tommy Murgatroyd, a water suuply office working in Plumtree, Matebeleland, and some of his early pumps survive to this day.

The Zimbabwe 'Bush Pump' is almost unique on the African continent in that it was conceived and designed and is wholly manufactured within Zimbabwe itself. The family of 'Bush Pumps' owe their success to a simplicity of design and rugged construction which originated from Murgatroyd's pioneering work. The Bush Pump continues to serve the people of Zimbabwe, seventy years after the first pumps of the family were designed and built.

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