La stratégie RWSN 2018-2023
The 2015-2017 RWSN strategy came to an end last year, and the RWSN Theme Leads and Secretariat have been busy consulting members and partners to develop a new strategy for the period 2018-2023. We have received valuable ideas for the network through consultations with working groups, the 2017 RWSN member survey and evaluation of the network, and the 6-week open consultation to which we invited all RWSN members. We also hosted a webinar in November 2017 during which the RWSN Secretariat and Chair outlined the proposed changes to the existing strategy. Ideas and comments received from the network members and partners through the open consultation were incorporated into the RWSN Strategy in early 2018. The final version of the Strategy was approved by the RWSN Executive Steering Committee in March 2018.
La stratégie RWSN 2015-2017 a pris fin l'an dernier. Les responsables thématiques et le secrétariat de RWSN ont pris l'initiative de consulter les membres et les partenaires du réseau afin de développer une nouvelle stratégie pour la période 2018-2023. Nous avons reçu des bonnes idées pour le réseau à travers des consultations avec les groupes de travail, l'enquête des membres RWSN 2017 et l'évaluation du réseau, et la consultation ouverte de 6 semaines à laquelle nous avons invité tous les membres de RWSN. Nous avons également organisé un wébinaire en novembre 2017 qui a permis au Secrétariat et à la Présidente de RWSN d'expliquer les changements proposés par rapport à la stratégie existante. Les idées et commentaires reçus des membres et des partenaires du réseau à travers cette consultation ont été incorporés dans la nouvelle stratégie RWSN début 2018. La version finale de la stratégie a été approuvée par le Comité de Pilotage Exécutif de RWSN en mars 2018.
Findings of a Multi-Country Review
Failure by governments and development partners to ensure sustained access to basic water supplies in rural areas is, to a large extent, the result of inadequate investment to deliver infrastructure where needed. It is also the result of a failure to ensure that infrastructure, once in place, continues to effectively provide the expected services over time.
Impressive gains from the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) era remain fragile and at risk, with various empirical studies indicating that 30 percent to 40 percent of rural water infrastructure is not functioning or functions below expected service levels (RWSN 2010).
Naughton, M; Deshmukh, R; Ahrari, S; and Gosling, L
Year of Publishing
Will governments make sure everyone has access to water if nobody holds them accountable? How can citizens hold their governments to account? This RWSN e-discussion took place from 19 February to 9 March, 2018 and focused on the following topics:
Week 1: Social accountability in different contexts;
Week 2: Sharing tools, methods and strategies for social accountability;
Week 3: Strengthening and scaling up social accountability.
Through the e-discussion, participants have had the opportunity to share stories and experiences from the field on holding governments accountable in delivering sustainable water services. This brief presents the lessons learnt and advocacy messages from this e-discussion for influencing sector discourse on this topic and ensuring that it is rooted in the reality on the ground.
Naughton, M; Deshmukh, R; Ahrari, S; and Gosling, L (2018) Social accountability for rural water services. , RWSN , RWSN
Social accountability for rural water services
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Solar photovoltaic [PV] pumping has in the last years undergone a series of technical and price developments resulting in advanced, robust, affordable, climate smart, versatile, low maintenance equipment. Favorable policies from an increasing number of governments and donors have opened an opportunity for organizations to scale-up and mainstream the use of solar PV pumping in their water supply projects. Solar PV Pumping is now cost-competitive with diesel powered water schemes in all sizes.
Relief organizations have been however slow in adopting and benefiting from the advantages that solar PV pumping solutions brings nowadays, still relying largely in diesel generator powered pumps. Lack of technical expertise and awareness has been identified as the single most important barrier to scale up solar PV pumping in relief operations.
This booklet is aimed to water engineers, especially those working in emergency and post and protracted emergencies with a goal to raise their awareness and understanding of the opportunities that solar PV pumping solutions bring, its advantages and disadvantages and the main issues that should be taken into account when assessing, designing, installing, and carrying out operation and maintenance work.
La stratégie RWSN 2018-2023
This Strategy sets the direction of the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) for the next six years, with a mid-term review. It explains what we are trying to achieve, how, why and with whom.
The RWSN Strategy has been jointly developed with members and the final version is endorsed by the seven members of the RWSN Executive Steering Committee: the African Development Bank, IRC, Skat Foundation, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), UNICEF, WaterAid and the World Bank Water Global Practice.
Cette stratégie donne la direction du Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) pour les prochaines six années, avec une revue à mi-parcours. Elle explique ce que l'on essaie de réaliser, comment, pourquoi et avec qui.
La stratégie RWSN a été développée de manière collaborative et la version finale endorsée par les sept membres du comité de pilotage de RWSN: la Banque Africaine de Développement, IRC, Skat Foundation, la Direction du Développement et de la Coopération Suisse, UNICEF, WaterAid et la pratique de l'eau de la Banque Mondiale.
Summary of RWSN E-discussion on how women’s engagement in Water User Committees impact on its performance and system functionality (2016) and RWSN Webinars: Making Water Work for Women, Sharing Inspiring Experiences (May 2017)
Gender relations are critical to nearly every aspect of rural water supply, but rarely addressed in practice by rural water professionals. All water supply programmes affect men and women in different ways, and while practitioners assume their work will benefit women, how do they know whether it will or not, how do they know what impact it will have?
In 2016 RWSN’s Mapping and Monitoring Theme members had an impromptu and rich e-discussion on gender equality and WASH. In early 2017, RWSN’s Equality, Non Discrimination and Inclusion (ENDI) Theme launched a call to their members for examples of inspiring experiences of ‘Making Water Work for Women’. Both discussions have been rich with experiences from across Asia, Africa and Latin America, and reinforcing of each other. We have put together a short brief highlighting the key points from these discussions:
- The nature of female participation within water committees should be discussed in terms of quality as well as quantity. If women’s roles do not offer any opportunity to influence committee decisions and outcomes, their participation is largely tokenistic. Qualitative indicators can help to show whether women’s participation is tokenistic, or active and meaningful.
- High-level government commitment to minimum quotas for women’s participation was seen as a crucial prerequisite to creating the space for the inclusion of women and the ability to demand it.
- Where women were more influential on Water User Committees, it was strongly attributed to the special efforts of implementing organisations who worked on mobilising women and increasing their confidence and awareness about the work involved, and sensitising men equally to create space for women’s involvement in the committees, as the example in India shows.
- By working closely with women and men together it is possible to challenge gender norms amongst women and men in rural communities, so that they begin to share unpaid work associated with WASH more equally, as the example in Ethiopia shows.
- Identifying the agents of change (women and men) from the community who are motivated and determined to advocate for water and sanitation can nurture lifelong advocates, as illustrated by the experience from Bangladesh.
- Disaggregating monitoring indices by gender can help to raise gender equality as a priority, and set specific expectations about the participation of women in different aspects of service provision.
- Conflict-sensitive approaches to water and sanitation can help to facilitate peace building by creating a platform for women around a common need, as in the example from India.
RWSN Dgroups discussion synthesis
This note summarizes some of the broad points of a June 2017 RWSN blog written by Dr Ellie Chowns on communitybased management (CBM) and the ensuing discussion on the RWSN Sustainable Services DGroup, to which many RWSN members contributed .
CBM is the prevalent management model for rural water supply. So what are the issues?
• Lack of accountability: Community management enables government officials and donors alike to abdicate responsibility for ensuring long-term sustainable water services.
• Inefficiency and lack of sustainability: Preventive maintenance is almost never done, repairs are often slow and sub-standard, and committees are unable to collect and save funds.
• Disempowerment: CBM reinforces existing community power relations, thereby breeding conflict rather than strengthening social capital.
• Lack of scalability and dependence on external support: The CBM model has never reliably worked at any scale but is continued due to a lack of viable, or proven alternative. One can always find 'successful' case studies of where it has worked fantastically well – but these tend to be isolated systems, reliant on constant
Partnering with the Private Sector
The objective of this Guidance Note is to offer practical, experience-based guidance to those considering or currently
engaging in PPP in the water sector, and to provide a basic understanding of water PPPs and the PPP cycle to better
inform dialogue with governments that are considering PPP arrangements.
It builds on the experience of WSP in supporting PPP reforms in developing countries, especially through the domestic private sector. Key stakeholders in this dialogue include government at all levels, service providers, policy makers, customers, civil society, and professionals.
Many water PPP engagements in developing countries are more domestically oriented and at a smaller scale than international transactions. This Note outlines a rationale and approach for launching a water sector PPP so that government leaders and private sector providers can have informed discussions about the path forward should they choose to explore this approach in their countries.