Handpumps can be better - who is leading the way?
Drilling a borehole and installing a handpump is a common way to improve access to water for rural (and urban) people in many parts of the world. However, the failure of these water points is shockingly high, a third in many African and Asian countries and often much higher.
New communications technology is opening up the possibilities for 'Smart Handpumps' - handpumps that actively record how and when they are used and transmits that data to an organisation who can use that information to (a) mobilise targeted maintenance and repairs; (b) identity priority areas for future improvements and investments; (c) to understand the user needs better, and main other reasons that shift rural water supply away from 'fire-and-forget' projects and towards water services that last and that reach everyone.
Year of Publishing
Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development
ANSCOMBE, J.R. (2011) Consultancy Services: Quality Assurance of UNICEF Drilling Programmes for Boreholes in Malawi. Final Report , UNICEF , Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development , Malawi
Consultancy Services: Quality Assurance of UNICEF Drilling Programmes for Boreholes in Malawi
pdf • Size: 2.29 MB
A 2016 Water Point Update to the RWSN (2009) statistics
• An average of 78% of water points are functional across the 11 countries analyzed.
• The high failure rates early after installation are troubling: almost 15% after one year and 25% of water points are non-functional by their fourth year after installation. This indicates widespread problems with poor quality water point installation, due to a range of problems that may include professionalism and skills around contracts, construction and supervision; borehole siting; lack of quality control of hardware; or lack of post-construction monitoring and problem resolution.
• Handpumps are often singled out as technology that fails, but analysis of other water point types show similar functionality levels, and that tens of thousands of handpumps are providing a service
This poster was peer-reviewed and presented at the 7th RWSN Forum in Abidjan, Cote'Ivoire 2016.
It replaces "Handpump Data 2009 Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa" (2009)
Contributions et rapport du 7ème Forum RWSN (2016, Abidjan)
The 2016 Rural Water Supply Network Forum in Abidjan was the first global gathering to consider the practical challenge of how everyone worldwide can get access to safe, affordable water by 2030. It was also the first RWSN Forum to take place in a francophone country, in the 25 years since the creation of the network.
The Forum took place on 29 Nov - 2 Dec 2016, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, and gathered 467 rural water sector practitioners from over 300 organisations from 64 countries in Africa, Asia, Americas, and Europe, in a bilingual (English/French) four day event. It was opened by the Prime Minister of Côte d’Ivoire, Mr Daniel Kaplan Duncan. We were joined by HE State Minster James Dengchol Tot, Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity of Ethiopia, as well as a delegation from AMCOW.
Le Forum du Rural Water Supply Network 2016 à Abidjan était le premier évènement global à considerer les défis liés à l’approvisionnement en eau potable et abordable pour tous d’ici 2030 d’un point de vue pratique. C’était également le premier à avoir lieu dans un pays francophone depuis la creation du réseau il y a 25 ans.
Le Forum a réuni 467 professionnels du secteur de l’eau rurale de 300 organisations et de 64 pays d’Afrique, Asie, Amérique, et de l’Europe, pendant 4 jours en deux langues (anglais et français). La cérémonie d’ouverture a été présidée par le Premier minister de Côte d’Ivoire, Mr Daniel Kaplan Duncan. Son Excellence le Ministre d’Etat James Dengchol Tot, Ministre de l’Eau, Irrigation et Electricité en Ethiopie, ainsi qu’une délégation de AMCOW.
The Forum proceedings compiles all peer-reviewed materials. Separate downloads and links to the films can be found at: https://rwsn7.net/content/
Le documents sur les contributions du Forum rassemble tous les articles évalués. Pour les télécharger et visualiser les films, veuillez vous référer à https://rwsn7.net/content/
The RWSN Forum report gives an overview of the Forum programme and its organisation, including the highlights from the presentations, networking events, exhibition, media coverage and synthesis.
Le rapport du Forum donne un aperçu du programme du Forum et de son organisation, y compris les points forts des présentations, des évènements de réseautage, de l'expo, de la couverture médiatique et de la synthèse.
The aim of this status review, requested by DFID, was first, to assess the current operational status of Basic Services Fund (BSF) boreholes drilled between 2006 and 2012, through a borehole functionality assessment, and, second, to evaluate the impact of the recommendations provided to the implementing agencies, through requesting information and feedback on how they have been implementing their drilling activities and the soft component associated to it. The main limitations of this status review included the risks of biased information (as the data was collected mainly by the NGOs that constructed the boreholes) and the fact that it took place during the rainy season, reducing the possibility to access some boreholes.
Ex Post Assessments of 100 water supply systems constructed/rehabilitated by Welthungerhilfe between 2006-2009
With this study Welthungerhilfe intends to gain knowledge of technologically, socially, economically and culturally determined reasons affecting the success or failure of water supply structures in Kenya - one of Welthungerhilfe’s largest WASH-programme countries. 100 Welthungerhilfe water supply systems2, most between 4-5 years of age, were analysed between February and April 2011, at the end of the dry season, a time when people in the rural areas are most dependent on a reliable water supply.
DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.
Member's Experiences No.1
The NGO InterAide has experience of supporting operation and maintenance of rural water supplies. Initiatives started in 1999 in Lilongwe and Zomba districts where there are now a total of 59 shops selling handpump spare parts and 84 private sector area mechanics repairing handpumps. Based on these fruitfull experiences InterAide started (first with European Union funds, then with Pro Victimis Fundation funds) a new Operation and Maintenance project in 2008 in the three districts of Mchinji, Dowa and Salima located in the central region of Malawi. As about 80% of handpumps installed in Malawi are Afridev, InterAide decided to initially focus on this hand pump.
This report provides a description of the project, including the financial and human resource inputs.