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Most of those without access to improved water supply and sanitation (85%) live in rural areas. Typically, rural water supply strategies concentrate on communal supplies, for groups of 200 to 500 people, but many communities are widely scattered and population densities low. Every year thousands of householders and small groups invest in traditionally dug wells and scoopholes to provide convenient supplies which they manage and maintain themselves. Such sources number over 1 million in Africa alone. While many rural people value these sources for their convenience, taste, productive use, and especially the feeling of ownership, policymakers tend to regard them as a liability to be replaced, rather than improved or augmented.
SUTTON, S. (2004) Preliminary Desk Study of Potential for Self Supply in Sub-Saharan Africa. , RWSN/WaterAid
Preliminary Desk Study of Potential for Self Supply in Sub-Saharan Africa
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