(1) The research Report 'Designing Sustainable Water Supply Systems in Tajikistan' includes a step-by-step guide to design, construction and ownership in WASH programmes.
(2) The research Report 'Sanitation Marketing in Tajikistan' explores a business model for sustainable WASH market development in the Post-Soviet context.
(3) The research Report 'Water Governance and Sustainable Service Delivery in Rural Tajikistan' shows how regulations and accountability measures improve water supply service delivery. | »
Lead is a priority chemical hazard that should be included in national drinking-water quality standards and monitored as part of drinking-water quality surveillance.
This document provides practical guidance to support the assessment and management of lead contamination in drinking-water supplies. Step-wise guidance is provided to support action when elevated lead concentrations are detected in drinking-water. It also explains why lead in drinking-water is an important issue and sources of lead exposure in water supplies. | »
In June 2022, the RWSN Secretariat organised two sessions dedicated to RWSN Member Organisations, to enable them to network and find out more about the services RWSN offers to its Member Organisations.
Over 50 organisations participated in the event. Below are the recording and collaborative slides that include a presentation from the RWSN Secretariat about services to Member Organisations, as well as reflections from Member Organisations themselves. | »
The climate crisis and global pandemic have accelerated the urgency of providing safe
drinking water services around the world. Global progress to safe drinking water is
off-track with uncertain and limited data on the extent and performance of rural water
service providers to inform policy and investment decisions. This report documents
a global diagnostic survey to evaluate the status and prospects of rural water service
providers from 68 countries. The service providers describe providing drinking water
services to a population of around 15 million people through over 3 million waterpoints.
The data provides information on the scale and sustainability of rural water services to
• The extent and type of professional water service provision in rural areas globally;
• Self-reported metrics of operational and financial performance; and,
• The size and scope of current rural service providers that could transition to resultsbased
Five major findings emerge. First, most service providers aim to repair broken
infrastructure in three days or less. Second, almost all service providers reported at least
one type of water safety activity. Third, most service providers collect payments for water
services. Fourth, about one third of service providers reported major negative shocks to
their operations from the COVID-19 pandemic. Fifth, non-governmental service providers
in low income countries less often report receiving subsidies for operations, and more
often report paying part of user fees to government, including through taxes.
Most rural water service providers are working towards provision of affordable, safe and
reliable drinking water services. Key barriers to progress include sustainable funding
and delivery of services at scale. We propose four conditions to promote scale and
sustainability based on policy alignment, public finance, professional service delivery,
and verifiable data. To illustrate these conditions, we consider the differing context and
service delivery approaches in the Central African Republic and Bangladesh. We conclude
by identifying a group of 77 service providers delivering water services for about 5 million
people in 28 countries. These 77 service providers report operational metrics consistent
with a results-based contracting approach. Technical assistance might support many
more to progress. We argue that government support and investment is needed to
rapidly progress to the scale of 100 million people to provide evidence of pathways to
universal drinking water services for billions more. | »
The 100 Million (100M) Initiative aims to enable results-based funding for safe water services provision for 100 million rural people in low and middle-income countries by 2030. It plans to do so by undertaking a global diagnostic of rural water service providers and establishing a Reference Group of rural service providers to undertake modelling and to pilot at scale, in order to inform a strategy to provide sustainable water services to 100 million rural people through results-based funding by 2030.
The presentation is from a March 2021 meeting in which the REACH and RWSN team presented the 100 Million Initiative, introduced the work of the Uptime Consortium demonstrating the potential of results-based funding for rural water service provision, and outlined our plans for this study. | »