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Republic of Zambia


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Geology and Hydrogeology

The geology of Zambia, comprises various rock formations consisting of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks from Precambrian to recent times. In Zambia, aquifers can be broadly categorised into three groups:

  • Aquifers where Groundwater flow is mainly in fissures, channels and discontinuities, which are subdivided into highly productive and locally productive aquifers;
  • Aquifers where intergranular groundwater flow is dominant
  • Low yielding aquifers with limited potential:

The price of a completed borehole in Zambia tends to be in the range of $4,000 to $5,000 although it can be double this for some donor-aided projects.

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Related Resources

Borehole Drilling Supervision Short Course, Zambia (2018)

A Short Course on Drilling Supervision that place in Zambia in July 2018 as part of the Project Collaboration Agreement (PCA) 2017-2019 between UNICEF and Skat Foundation. Twenty five participants took part in the course, of which four were women and 18 were young professionals (i.e. aged 35 or under). The learning objectives of the training course were that by the end of the course, the participants would:
• Understand the importance of effective supervision in borehole construction for sustainability
• Understand the steps and detailed actions required in full time supervision
• Understand the steps and detailed actions required in part time supervision
• Be able to quality assure and certify drilling records
• Be in a position to undertake borehole construction supervision

Developing and running the course was made possible with financial support from UNICEF Programme Division, Skat Foundation and UNICEF Zambia. The course was carried out on behalf of the Ministry of Water Development, Sanitation and Environmental Protection Zambia. | »

Statutory Instruments for Groundwater in Zambia

The Government of Zambia has published three Statutory Instruments for Water Resources Management in relation to groundwater:

· Groundwater and Boreholes Regulations, 2018 includes the requirements for notice of intention to drill a borehole, specifications, borehole registration, and reporting in the case of a defective borehole.

· Licencing of Drillers, 2018 sets out requirements for registration and licencing of constructors, drillers and engineers.

· Charges and Fees, 2018 , includes permit requirements for hydropower, agricultural, mining, industrial, municipal user and other non-extractive users, as well as fees for borehole registration and drillers licencing.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

Effective Joint Sector Reviews for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) A Study and Guidance - 2016

This is the first consolidated and referenced multicountry study of Water or Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Joint Sector Reviews (JSRs). The study report and associated Learning Note and Poster provide an understanding of JSR processes and practical guidance on how to introduce and improve them. The study sets out a methodology in the form of visual checklists to reflect and take stock of WASH JSR processes. This could also form the foundation for subsequent cross-country comparisons of the JSR process.

The publications provide an analysis of JSRs as well as practical guidance on how to introduce and effectively manage them. The initial focus of the work was on JSRs in fragile states. However, the contested definitions of a fragile state, arbitrary thresholds as well as the realization that there are common issues with respect to JSRs in nonfragile countries led to a widening of the scope of countries studied. Notably, all countries included are considerably donor dependant for WASH. The study considered 25 countries, and found that between 2001 and 2015, WASH JSRs had taken place in 19 of them.

Note that these documents are review copies. | »

Procurement, Costing & Pricing and Contract Management of Borehole Construction - Zambia Short Course Report Striving for Professionalism in Cost Effective Boreholes in Zambia

The Ministry of Local Government and Housing (MLGH) Zambia and the Water and Resources Management Authority (WARMA) weresupported by the cooperation of UNICEF and Skat Foundation to strengthen capacity in the country with respect to siting, drilling, supervision, procurement and contract management. The support included the delivery of a five-day short course to 38 participants in Zambia on drilling procurement, costing & pricing and contract management. This report presents the proceedings and outcomes of the course. | »

Review of Self-financed Water Supply in Milenge district, Zambia Country Report Zambia

According to the UN Human rights to water and sanitation note (2015) there are three major management models for water supply, one of which is the “individual on-site solution” known as Self-supply. Self-supply is defined as incremental investments to improve access to water and quality of water financed by household investment. This report aims to present ‘adequate strong evidence to support or negate Self-supply acceleration as a service delivery model’ in Zambia. It is based on a review study of piloting of self-financed traditional well improvement in Milenge District, Luapula Province, one of the two poorest districts in the poorest province in Zambia. During the piloting also specific support services were provided such as facilitation of a loan scheme and training of local masons to iprove Self-supply so that there was supported Self-supply as service delivery model.

The study included extensive dry season surveys of waterpoints (200), households (150) and interviews with stakeholders at all levels, undertaken between June and August 2015. | »

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