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Handpump Standardisation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Seeking a Champion RWSN Publication 2015-1

Handpump standardisation is the formal or informal mechanism that governs the varieties of community handpumps used within a particular country. In a handful of countries this also includes stand-ard handpump designs. With over a million handpumps in sub-Saharan Africa and new installations every day, handpump standardisation is still vital for the policy and practices of governments and implementing organisations. While rural water practitioners are polarised about the future of formal standardisation, the extent of informal standardisation is of significant importance to the sustain-ability of handpumps across the continent. Of the thirty-five countries in sub-Saharan using handpumps, formal standardisation has emerged in fifteen through regulations (nine countries), and endorsements (six countries). However in the remaining countries, informal standardisation determines what handpumps are installed where, either through recommendations (fourteen countries), or de facto standardisation (six countries). | »

RWSN Handpump Survey 2013 Summary of Findings

Manual pumps have been used for centuries but this simple technology remains the mainstay of rural water supplies in many countries. The Handpump Technology Network (which later became RWSN) was set up in 1992 to promote collaboration and standardisation so that handpumps could provide more reliable and better quality rural water services.

This survey is aimed at practitioners in government, NGOs, private sector and development partners who are directly involved in rural water service implementation, or who are involved in the procurement of handpumps or spare parts (as either a buyer or seller). | »

Sustainable Handpump Projects in Africa Report on Fieldwork in South Africa May 23 – June 6, 2003

This report has been produced as part of the second phase of a KaR (Knowledge and Research) project (R7817) entitled Guidelines for Sustainable Handpump projects in Africa. This research is funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and is being carried out by the Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) at Loughborough University, UK.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

Supporting Rural Water Supply Moving towards a Service Delivery Approach

Collectively, billions of dollars have been invested in the provision of rural water supply systems in developing countries over the past three decades. This period has also seen an evolution in thinking and practice around the approaches to delivering water supply to rural populations. We have moved from supply-driven centralised government programming to more demand-driven approaches, based on the philosophy of community participation with community-based management emerging as the principal management vehicle from the 1980s onwards in most countries. In more recent years there has been a call to build on community management with more structured systems of post-construction support and the increasing involvement of local private operators. Global monitoring results tell us that progress is being made and that even including population growth, we are increasing the rate of coverage in many, but not all, countries at a pace that will meet the Millennium Development Goals.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

Spare Part Supplies for Handpumps in Africa: Success Factors for Sustainability Rural Water Supply Series

Handpump installation is the most widespread solution for supplying water to the many millions of people in Africa’s rural areas. However, at any given moment an average 30 percent of all potentially functional handpumps in Africa are not working. In some areas 50 percent or more are nonfunctional, due in part to difficulties in obtaining spare parts. This field note describes lessons drawn from a review of 25 studies conducted in 15 different countries that looked at handpump spare parts supply, primarily in rural areas of Africa.
A number of key factors are identified for sustaining supply chains. These are discussed under the headings of supply chain management, choice of technology, and type of supply chain (whether private sector, public sector,or private/public partnership). Research worldwide shows that overall management of handpump spare-part supply chains is carried out primarily by donors and Governments, although the supply chains themselves generally involve both the public sector and private enterprise. | »

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