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Funding mechanisms to incentivize sustainable and inclusive water provision in Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands

In the context of Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), NGOs and donors as well as private sector players are exploring how they can help vulnerable populations to prepare and build resilience to extended drought sequences and climate volatility. The use of solar-powered water pumps (SWPs) is one approach through which partners are helping to do this. This report is a concept-stage exploration of optimal funding mechanisms to accelerate and incentivize the adoption of SWPs in the Kenyan ASALs, alongside accompanying management systems to ensure financial viability, inclusion and accountability. | »

Performance evaluation and economic analysis of solar photo-voltaic water pumping systems: Case of Abakore borehole water supply system in Kenya

A solar photovoltaic (PV) water pumping system was investigated to determine performance and
economic viability. An in-built data logger was used to collect real time data on key performance
parameters. Performance indicators were defined and determined, while economic viability was analyzed
using life-cycle cost (LCC) method and these costs were compared with a diesel generator pumping
system. Solar irradiance varied from 63 W/m2 to a peak of 857 W/m2, corresponding to a maximum power
output of 11.75 kW. PV array efficiency of 12.1%, sub-system efficiency of 91.82% and overall efficiency
of 5.14% were obtained, which are well comparable to the efficiencies reported elsewhere for similar
systems. The LCC analysis showed a 20 year average unit water cost of 0.25 US $/m3 for solar PV system
and 0.6 US $/m3 for diesel genset system. Solar PV system is found to be more cost effective and suitable
for use over conventional sources. | »

SWIFT water ATMs: experience and impact in Turkana and Wajir counties of Kenya SWIFT Consortium learning brief

Working in governance and resilience-oriented WASH programming in Kenya, Oxfam has supported communities in Turkana and Wajir counties to pilot the use of pre-paid water metering systems, also called water ATMs. These ATMs improve service and accountability using technology, revolutionising the system and providing substantial benefits to both water service providers and community water users. | »

Inclusive Rural Water Supply Management Innovations Summary of the Rural Water Supply Network’s Leave No-one Behind Group E-Discussion 12th November – 4th December 2018

The RWSN Leave No-One Behind Group in collaboration with SNV hosted a three-week E-Discussion on inclusive management innovation from 12th of November to 4th of December 2018. This e-discussion aimed to go beyond inclusive design, exploring the implications of management innovations for gender and social inclusion in rural water supply. Three topics were explored:

1. Gender and Social Inclusion Issues within Rural Water Supply Management Innovations.
2. Strengths and weaknesses of innovative management models to ensuring equity
3. Government role and responsibility of realising the right to water in their jurisdiction | »

Evaluation of the sustainability of solar powered water supply systems in Kenya

The Global Solar-and-Water Initiative (GSWI), funded by the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) and led by IOM, Oxfam and NRC, seeks to promote, advocate for and mainstream the use of solar energy in WASH projects for refugee and IDP camps as well as local communities.
The evaluation was to look at existing solar schemes where different designs, approaches and uses of energy are being applied and document best practices, shortcomings, improvements and recommend models for sustainability of solar water schemes in refugee camps and communities.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

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