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History and status of the rope pump in Nicaragua - a success story about rural communal water supply and self-supply

This technical note highlights the key features of the rope pump, delves into the historical background of its introduction in Nicaragua and briefly highlights the current situation by providing estimates of number of rope pumps in use and their functionality and impact. It is based on the study conducted by Briemberg (2022).

Cette note technique met en évidence les principales caractéristiques de la pompe à corde, le contexte historique de son introduction au Nicaragua et présente brièvement la situation actuelle en fournissant des estimations du nombre de pompes à corde utilisées, leur fonctionnalité et leur impact. Elle est basée sur l'étude menée par Briemberg (2022).

Esta nota técnica destaca as principais características da bomba de corda, aprofunda os antecedentes históricos da sua introdução na Nicarágua e destaca brevemente a situação actual, fornecendo estimativas do número de bombas de corda em uso e a sua funcionalidade e impacto. Baseia-se no estudo realizado por Briemberg (2022).

Esta nota técnica destaca las características clave de la bomba de mecate, profundiza en los antecedentes históricos de su introducción en Nicaragua y destaca brevemente la situación actual al proporcio-nar estimaciones de la cantidad de bombas de mecate en uso y su funcionalidad e impacto. Está basada en el estudio realizado por Briemberg (2022).

Global prospects to deliver safe drinking water services for 100 million rural people by 2030 REACH working paper 12

The climate crisis and global pandemic have accelerated the urgency of providing safe
drinking water services around the world. Global progress to safe drinking water is
off-track with uncertain and limited data on the extent and performance of rural water
service providers to inform policy and investment decisions. This report documents
a global diagnostic survey to evaluate the status and prospects of rural water service
providers from 68 countries. The service providers describe providing drinking water
services to a population of around 15 million people through over 3 million waterpoints.

The data provides information on the scale and sustainability of rural water services to
• The extent and type of professional water service provision in rural areas globally;
• Self-reported metrics of operational and financial performance; and,
• The size and scope of current rural service providers that could transition to resultsbased

Five major findings emerge. First, most service providers aim to repair broken
infrastructure in three days or less. Second, almost all service providers reported at least
one type of water safety activity. Third, most service providers collect payments for water
services. Fourth, about one third of service providers reported major negative shocks to
their operations from the COVID-19 pandemic. Fifth, non-governmental service providers
in low income countries less often report receiving subsidies for operations, and more
often report paying part of user fees to government, including through taxes.
Most rural water service providers are working towards provision of affordable, safe and
reliable drinking water services. Key barriers to progress include sustainable funding
and delivery of services at scale. We propose four conditions to promote scale and
sustainability based on policy alignment, public finance, professional service delivery,
and verifiable data. To illustrate these conditions, we consider the differing context and
service delivery approaches in the Central African Republic and Bangladesh. We conclude
by identifying a group of 77 service providers delivering water services for about 5 million
people in 28 countries. These 77 service providers report operational metrics consistent
with a results-based contracting approach. Technical assistance might support many
more to progress. We argue that government support and investment is needed to
rapidly progress to the scale of 100 million people to provide evidence of pathways to
universal drinking water services for billions more.

The 2019 RWSN directory of rural water supply services, tariffs, management models and lifecycle costs 2019 Edition [ENGLISH]

The rural water supply sector is undergoing a period of change. In response to the challenges of achieving universal access to safe, affordable drinking water and sustaining those services, there has been increasing innovation in different types of rural water service models.

This Directory is intended to show the growing range of management options. Some are novel interventions that are still being piloted, others have been established for a decade or more.

Also includes: Handpump Statistics 2019 (from WPDx data from Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia-Pacific)

Aussi disponible en français

NEW: this Directory is currently being updated. Please refer to the information below to contribute.

What’s Working, Where, and for How Long A 2016 Water Point Update to the RWSN (2009) statistics

• An average of 78% of water points are functional across the 11 countries analyzed.

• The high failure rates early after installation are troubling: almost 15% after one year and 25% of water points are non-functional by their fourth year after installation. This indicates widespread problems with poor quality water point installation, due to a range of problems that may include professionalism and skills around contracts, construction and supervision; borehole siting; lack of quality control of hardware; or lack of post-construction monitoring and problem resolution.

• Handpumps are often singled out as technology that fails, but analysis of other water point types show similar functionality levels, and that tens of thousands of handpumps are providing a service

This poster was peer-reviewed and presented at the 7th RWSN Forum in Abidjan, Cote'Ivoire 2016.

It replaces "Handpump Data 2009 Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa" (2009)

Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction in WASH Experience in DRR mainstreaming in Nicaragua

The risk of disasters is high throughout Central America. In Nicaragua, multiple natural hazards (earthquakes, tsunami, hurricanes, tropical storms, drought, landslides) combine with severe levels of socioeconomic
vulnerability, placing the country near the top of all international lists of countries with high disaster risk. Nicaragua is ranked 4th in the Climate risk index published by German watch in 2015.

Multiple global, national, and local factors augment the hazards faced by water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services and increase their vulnerability. Intense tropical storms and hurricanes are affecting regularly the water systems infrastructure. More frequent and less predictable droughts and intense deforestation have deprived the Nicaraguan dry zone of the water needed for human consumption and agricultural production over prolonged periods.

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