Hand drilled water wells are being undertaken by farmers, artisans and through NGOs. In some cases knowledge of the techniques has diffused from one driller to another, or has been well promoted as part of a particular project. Globally, we know of about 20 organisations which are actively involved in promoting one or more type of manual drilling.
Hand Dug Well Upgrading
- COLLINS, S. (2000) , Series of Manuals on Drinking Water Supply Volume 5, Skat, Switzerland
- SUTTON, S. (2004) A downloadable (£5.25) manual for fieldworkers on affordable improvements for household and small community level to traditional groundwater sources. Produced in conjunction with Ministry of Energy and Water Development, Zambia. To access the document go to
- WATT & WOOD 1998) Hand-dug wells and their construction, Practical Action Publications, UK. This highly readable book describes how to construct hand dug wells, and includes information with respect to simple water lifting devices such as the bucket and rope. Visit for more details.
- MORGAN, P. (1995) Upgraded Well Manual for Field Workers. , Mvuramanzi Trust , Harare, Zimbabwe
- RIHOUEY, J. (1998) Well Construction and Equipment - Examples from Cambodia, Gret ( )
- RIHOUEY, J. (1998) Construction et amönagemant de puits - L'example du Cambodge, Gret ( )
- HELVETAS (1994) Construction of Hand Dug Wells in rural villages in Sri Lanka, Helvetas, Switzerland
- OXFAM (1990) Safety in Wells Manual - Dangers and Safety Measures for Hand Dug Wells and Similar Engineering Projects, Oxfam, UK
- BRUSH, R. (1979) Wells Construction, Hand Dug and Hand Drilled, ACTION/Peace Corps, USA
- LAVER, S. (1980) Well Digging - A guide to the construction and protection of hand dug wells, GTZ and Blair Research Laboratory, Zimbabwe
- Lanka Jathika Sarvodaya Shramadana Sangamaya (1987) Well Construction Manual. , Sarvodaya Rural Technical Services , Kandy, Sri Lanka
Family Wells in Zimbabwe (Dr Peter Morgan)