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Total Results: 25 • Page 1 of 2

Start Year   End Year   Title

'Smart Handpumps' Handpumps can be better - who is leading the way?

Project start: • Project finished:
Collaborators: Several
Funder: Several


Drilling a borehole and installing a handpump is a common way to improve access to water for rural (and urban) people in many parts of the world. However, the failure of these water points is shockingly high, a third in many African and Asian countries and often much higher.

New communications technology is opening up the possibilities for 'Smart Handpumps' - handpumps that actively record how and when they are used and transmits that data to an organisation who can use that information to (a) mobilise targeted maintenance and repairs; (b) identity priority areas for future improvements and investments; (c) to understand the user needs better, and main other reasons that shift rural water supply away from 'fire-and-forget' projects and towards water services that last and that reach everyone.

A Global Pledge to Protect Drinking Water from Lead World Water Day / UN Water Conference 2023

Project start: 2022 • Project finished: 2040
Collaborators: Governments of South Africa, Uganda and Ghana, WHO, UNICEF, Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, LIXIL, RTI international, World Plumbing Council, University of North Carolina, World Vision, IAPMO, RWSN, University of Leeds, WaterAid,


Nothing is more fundamental to human health and well-being than access to safe drinking water. In 2016, world leaders adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) including SDG 6 — a universal call to action to provide access to safe and affordable drinking water to every person, everywhere, by 2030. As part of our global commitment to provide water that is free from microbial hazards and priority chemical contaminants that impact human health, we launch this global initiative to work towards lead-free drinking water by 2040.

Call to water services providers to support young professionals' careers

Project start: 2023 • Project finished: 2023
Collaborators: Aquafed
Funder: Netherlands government through the Valuing Water Initiative

Challenges of Water Well Drillers & Water Well Drillers Associations Case Studies of Six Countries Angola, Burkina Faso, Mozambique, Nigeria, Uganda and United States of America

Project start: 2018 • Project finished: 2020
Collaborators: Skat Foundation
Funder: Skat Foundation


Groundwater has been identified as the key to sustainable development and forms the foundation for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (UN-Water, 2018). Although not properly recognised in the SDG framework, its importance is seen in its provisioning and regulating functions (e.g. maintaining river base flow, preventing land subsidence and seawater intrusion), and acting as a solution for climate change adaptation. Groundwater accounts for over 97% of the world’s freshwater resources, and it is readily available.
Groundwater is diminishing in some regions, and water quality deterioration is increasing (UN-Water, 2018). With no incentives to save groundwater, the impacts of unsustainable use are slow and multiple (Villholth, 2018). In order to sustainably manage groundwater resources, intervention is needed at different levels and in accordance with local contexts.
Drillers are in direct contact with groundwater resources and thus understand key issues on the ground. If well organised, such as in the form of an association, and empowered with knowledge, drillers can advocate for and influence policies at state and national levels, and even lobby the governments to bring groundwater issues to the forefront.

Financial Innovations for Rural Water Supply in Low-Resource Settings

Project start: • Project finished:
Collaborators: REAL-Water consortium members: The Aquaya Institute, Aguaconsult, the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), the Skat Foundation’s Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN), Safe Water Network, and Water Mission.
Funder: USAID


Millions of people in rural areas of low- and middle-income countries still lack access to basic water services. In fact, as of 2020, the majority of people without basic water services lived in rural areas. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Rural Evidence and Learning for Water (REAL-Water) program is working to address this issue by identifying ways to expand water access and safety in rural areas.

One of the challenges of providing rural water supply financing is that the populations are smaller, more dispersed, and poorer than their urban counterparts. This may reduce opportunities for economies of scale and complete cost recovery. To overcome these challenges, the REAL-Water program is focusing on identifying innovative and promising financing or funding mechanisms that can be used in small villages and dispersed settlements.

Groundwater: Making the Invisible Visible World Water Day 2022

Project start: 2022 • Project finished: 2020
Collaborators: UN-Water


Groundwater is invisible, but its impact is visible everywhere. Out of sight, under our feet, groundwater is a hidden treasure that enriches our lives. Almost all of the liquid freshwater in the world is groundwater. For rural areas it is often the safest, most reliable water resources.

As climate change gets worse, groundwater will become more and more critical. We need to work together to sustainably manage this precious resource. Groundwater may be out of sight, but it must not be out of mind.

L'initiative REACH/RWSN pour 100 millions de personnes (100M) Un diagnostic global des fournisseurs de services d'eau en milieu rural pour éclairer le financement basé sur les résultats

Project start: 2020 • Project finished: 2030
Collaborators: REACH; Uptime Consortium; University of Oxford; autres partenaires
Funder: Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)


Suite à l'enquête de diagnostic mondial de l'Initiative 100 Millions auprès de fournisseurs de services d'eau en milieu rural, l'Initiative RWSN-REACH 100 Millions procède à un deuxième cycle de collecte de données et invite les fournisseurs de services d'eau en milieu rural à transmettre un échantillon de données de service d'une partie de leurs activités pour une période couvrant un trimestre d'une année. Cet échantillon de données sera utilisé pour identifier les fournisseurs de services d'eau en milieu rural qui sont en mesure de fournir une qualité de données suffisante pour participer à des accords de financement basé sur les résultats que des bailleurs de fonds pourraient établir. Ce processus sera également utilisé pour aider les donateurs potentiels à comprendre la taille et l'importance des fournisseurs de services qui peuvent être prêts pour un financement basé sur les résultats.

Lifelong Learning Strategy / Stratégie d'apprentissage tout au long de la vie Estrategia de formación continua / Estratégia de aprendizagem ao longo da vida

Project start: 2022 • Project finished: 2030
Collaborators: RWSN
Funder: Open to new partnerships


RWSN is a global network of rural water supply professionals and organisations committed to improving their knowledge, competence and professionalism, to fulfil RWSN’s vision of sustainable rural water services for all. Both individuals and organisations participate in the network.
This strategy presents ways in which the network can continue to create and grow value in the coming 5-10 years:
1. Connect those seeking specialist training and mentoring with those who can provide that support.
2. Build partnerships to identify and fill thematic gaps in capacity development of rural water supply professionals and organisations, at global and regional levels.
3. Act as a broker to support scaling-up of ideas and organisations through training, mentoring, coaching and match-making between potential partners.
4. Providing value for money and easy-to-use, transparent procurement options so that RWSN achieves full cost recovery for providing these services.

We are inviting feedback on our draft Lifelong Learning Strategy

Le RWSN est un réseau mondial de professionnels et d'organisations du secteur de l'approvisionnement en eau en milieu rural qui s'engagent à améliorer leurs connaissances, leurs compétences et leur professionnalisme, afin de concrétiser la vision du RWSN de services d'eau durables pour tous en milieu rural. Tant les individus que les organisations participent au réseau.
Cette stratégie présente les moyens par lesquels le réseau peut continuer à créer et à accroître sa valeur dans les 5 à 10 prochaines années :
1. Connecter ceux qui recherchent une formation spécialisée et un mentorat avec ceux qui peuvent fournir ce soutien.
2. Construire des partenariats pour identifier et combler les lacunes thématiques dans le développement des capacités des professionnels et des organisations de l'approvisionnement en eau en milieu rural, aux niveaux mondial et régional.
3. Agir en tant que courtier pour soutenir la mise à l'échelle des idées et des organisations par le biais de la formation, du mentorat, du coaching et de la mise en relation entre partenaires potentiels.
4. Fournir un bon rapport qualité-prix et des options d'approvisionnement faciles à utiliser et transparentes, afin que le RWSN parvienne à un recouvrement total des coûts pour la fourniture de ces services.

Nous vous invitons à nous faire part de vos commentaires sur notre projet de stratégie d'apprentissage tout au long de la vie

Myths of Rural Water Supply Learning from past failures, building on successes

Project start: 2010 • Project finished:
Collaborators: UNICEF, Skat, WaterAid, Water & Sanitation Program, African Development Bank, Swiss Development Cooperation


Ensuring that rural dwellers around the world do not have to walk for hours to collect sufficient and safe drinking water is a huge challenge. In 2010, RWSN published "Myths of the Rural Water Supply Sector" which raises issues for those of us who are involved in trying to improve rural water supplies, whether as donor, Government or NGO; program manager or practitioner. It takes a hard look at our limited achievements, points to areas where our approaches need to be radically improved and sets some challenges.

New Book: Self-supply - Filling the gaps in public water supply provision

Project start: 2021 • Project finished:
Collaborators: Dr Sally Sutton (Ind), Dr John Butterworth (IRC), Practical Action Publishing
Funder: IRC, SWL Consultants

Professionalising Manual Drilling UNICEF, Skat Foundation

Project start: 2013 • Project finished: 2014
Collaborators: UNICEF, Skat Foundation
Funder: UNICEF, Skat Foundation


Building and supporting local enterprises to develop markets and undertake manual drilling in a professional manner.

REACH: Improving water security for the poor A global research programme to improve water security for millions of poor people in Asia and Africa.

Project start: 2015 • Project finished: 2022
Collaborators: Oxford University, UNICEF, Water and Land Resource Centre, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, icddr,b, University of Dhaka, University of Nairobi, IFPRI, IWA, RWSN, IRC.
Funder: DFID


REACH is a seven-year, global programme of research (2015-2022) led by Oxford University and funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) that aims to improve water security for over 5 million poor people by 2022.

As a Research into Action partner, the Rural Water Supply Network will support the design and implementation of the programme’s communications strategy, supporting the uptake of the research findings and ensuring that they translate into positive policy and practice outcomes.

REAL-Water Rural Evidence and Learning for Water / Attestation et Apprentissage Ruraux pour L'Eau

Project start: 2021 • Project finished: 2026
Collaborators: Aguaconsult, ATREE, KNUST, Safe Water for Network, Water Mission, RWSN
Funder: REAL-Water is supported through a $18.9 million Cooperative Agreement between USAID and The Aquaya Institute (Aquaya)


REAL-Water will support policy makers, development partners, and service providers to make strategic decisions and implement best practices for water management through implementation research. It will also ensure coordination with USAID programs contributing to the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) and Water Resources Management (WRM) knowledge base, in alignment with the USAID Water for the World Implementation Research Agenda.

REAL-Water is an initiative of the Center for Water Security, Sanitation and Hygiene in USAID’s Bureau for Resilience and Food Security with support from the Office for Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition in USAID’s Bureau for Global Health.


REAL-Water aidera les décideurs politiques, les partenaires de développement et les prestataires deservices à prendre des décisions stratégiques et à mettre en oeuvre les meilleures pratiques de gestion del'eau grâce à la recherche sur la mise en oeuvre. La coordination sera également assurée avec lesprogrammes de l'USAID contribuant à la base de connaissances sur l'eau, l'assainissement et l'hygiène(WASH) et la gestion des ressources en eau (WRM), conformément au programme de recherche sur la miseen oeuvre de l'eau pour le monde de l'USAID.

REAL-Water est une initiative du Centre pour la sécurité de l'eau, l'assainissement et l'hygiène du Bureaupour la résilience et la sécurité alimentaire de l'USAID, avec le soutien du Bureau de la santé maternelle etinfantile et de la nutrition au sein du Bureau de la santé mondiale de l'USAID.

RWSN Early Webinar Series 2022 Série de webinaires RWSN 2022

Project start: 2022 • Project finished: 2022
Funder: SDC, Skat Foundation, Design Outreach, Waterloo Foundation and contributions from Theme Leaders and presenters


Greetings /Bonjour (message en français plus bas ),

Mark your calendars! RWSN is delighted to announce its 2022 early series of 6 webinars (on-line seminars), running from April 5th until June 28th, in Englis and/or French

5 Apr - Policy influence for ultra-deep reaching hand pumps (Sponsored by Design Outreach)
26 Apr - Stop the Rot: Taking action to prevent the use of poor quality handpumps (Sponsored by Waterloo Foundation)
31 May - Self-supply hotspots: the case of Bangladesh
7 Jun - Pastoralist water management and rights
21 Jun - Embedding solar pumping best practices
28 Jun - Service delivery models for rural water supply

Series Sponsor: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)

RWSN Publications - now on Practical Answers RWSN Publications - maintenant sur Practical Answers

Project start: 2018 • Project finished:
Collaborators: RWSN, Practical Action
Funder: SDC


To help rural water professionals get access to the inform they need, RWSN has teamed up with Practical Action to make some of our leading publications available on the Practical Answers website and mobile App.

Let is know if there are any particular resources or publications that you would like to have on this platform.

Pour aider les professionnels de l’eau en milieu rural à accéder aux informations dont ils ont besoin, le RWSN s’est associé à Practical Action pour rendre certaines de nos principales publications disponibles sur le site Web de Practical Answers et l’application mobile.

Indiquez s'il existe des ressources ou des publications particulières que vous aimeriez avoir sur cette plate-forme.

RWSN Webinar early series, May- Jun 2023 RWSN Webinar early series, May- Jun 2023

Project start: 2023 • Project finished: 2023
Funder: Skat Foundation (Sufosec Alliance), the Waterloo Foundation


Source of presentations and recordings of the Early 2023 RWSN Webinar series

This year we will host our first webinar series of 4 webinar between 30 May and 27 June. Please see the titles and dates of the webinars below
• 30 May – Opportunities and Challenges of Government-led SDG 6.1 monitoring in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States (Leave no one behind and Data for Action Themes)
• 6 June – Stop the rot - Handpump Upgrade…to Be, or Not to Be? (Design Outreach/Waterloo Foundation/Sustainable Groundwater Development Theme)
• 20 June – Water for food, for drinking, and for rural development - examples at scale (Self Supply Theme)
• 27 June – Customary water tenure 1 (MUS Theme and IYRP group)

Links for registration below

Source des présentations et des enregistrements de la série de webinaires RWSN Early 2023.

Cette année, nous organiserons notre première série de 4 webinaires entre le 30 mai et le 27 juin. Veuillez consulter les titres et les dates des webinaires ci-dessous

- 30 mai - Opportunités et défis du suivi de l'ODD 6.1 mené par le gouvernement dans les États fragiles et touchés par un conflit (ne laisser personne de côté et thèmes des données pour l'action)
- 6 juin - Halte aux dégradation - Amélioration des pompes à main... à faire ou à ne pas faire ? (Design Outreach/Waterloo Foundation/Thème du développement durable des eaux souterraines)
- 20 juin - L'eau pour l'alimentation, la boisson et le développement rural - exemples à l'échelle (thème de l'auto-approvisionnement)
- 27 juin - Tenure coutumière de l'eau 1 (Thème MUS et groupe IYRP)

Liens pour s'inscrire ci-dessous

Safe Water: monitoring, data and decisions Une eau potable gérée en toute sécurité: surveillance, données, décisions

Project start: 2019 • Project finished: -
Collaborators: University of North Carolina, RWSN


New partnership between RWSN and The Water Institute of UNC
Nouveau partenariat entre RWSN et le Water Institute à UNC Chapel Hill

We are excited to announce a new partnership between RWSN and The Water Institute at UNC Chapel Hill. This partnership will leverage the RWSN platform and The Water Institute’s expertise in water quality and management to bring up-to-date evidence and methods to the members of the network. As a new Topic Leader in Mapping and Monitoring,

The Water Institute aims to bring evidence and practice closer by facilitating lively discussion and producing practical guidance on Safely Managed Water. The new partnership will begin in 2019, so look out for The Water Institute’s new weekly Mapping Monday posts in the RWSN Mapping and Monitoring online community in the New Year!

Nous sommes ravis d'annoncer un nouveau partenariat entre RWSN et le Water Institute à UNC Chapel Hill. Ce partenariat s’appuiera sur la plateforme RWSN et sur l’expertise du Water Institute en matière de qualité et de gestion de l’eau pour apporter des données et des méthodes scientifiques de pointe aux membres du réseau. En tant que nouveau responsable du Thème cartographie et de surveillance, The Water Institute a pour objectif de rapprocher la science et les pratique en facilitant une discussion animée et en produisant des conseils pratiques sur une eau gérée de manière sûre. Le nouveau partenariat débutera en 2019, alors ne manquez pas les nouveaux articles hebdomadaires intitulés Mapping Monday du Water Institute dans la communauté en ligne RWSN dédiée à la cartographie et au suivi !

SIRWASH: Sustainable and Innovative Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Servicios sostenibles e innovadores de Agua, Saneamiento e Higiene en zonas rurales – SIRWASH

Project start: 2020 • Project finished: 2024
Collaborators: IDB, SuSanA
Funder: SDC


The general objective of the SIRWASH programme is to improve enabling policy, innovation and knowledge exchange environments and to foster the necessary capacities to deliver quality WASH services to rural communities with a particular focus on vulnerable and disadvantaged people.

In 2023, RWSN is collaborating with the Inter American Development Bank (IDB) and the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) to share good practices an experiences within Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and encourage South-South exchange on rural WASH with practitioners in Africa and Asia.

Stop the Rot! A project in action research and catalysing action to ensure the quality of water lifting technologies for drinking water in sub–Saharan Africa.

Project start: 2021 • Project finished: 2022
Collaborators: Ask for Water GmbH, Skat Foundation
Funder: Waterloo Foundation


The Challenge

1) Premature corrosion and failure of water supply hardware, such as handpumps, is widespread across Sub-Saharan Africa, but evidence is limited and largely anecdotal.
2) For tens of millions of Africans who depend on handpumps for their daily water needs, these failures threaten their health and livelihoods.
3) Despite millions of dollars wasted on poor quality hardware, there seems to be a lack of interest among key international donors and other development partners that fund rural water supply services to engage in the problem of variable handpump quality.

This new RWSN initiative by Skat Foundation and Ask for Water GmbH strives to find ways in which key stakeholders can ensure that handpump technologies and spare parts that are installed for drinking water in sub-Saharan Africa are consistently of high quality and can last

Sustainability Assessment of Rural Water Service Delivery Models Findings of a Multi-Country Review

Project start: 2016 • Project finished: 2017
Collaborators: The World Bank, Aguaconsult, IRC
Funder: The World Bank


Failure by governments and development partners to ensure sustained access to basic water supplies in rural areas is, to a large extent, the result of inadequate investment to deliver infrastructure where needed. It is also the result of a failure to ensure that infrastructure, once in place, continues to effectively provide the expected services over time.
Impressive gains from the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) era remain fragile and at risk, with various empirical studies indicating that 30 percent to 40 percent of rural water infrastructure is not functioning or functions below expected service levels (RWSN 2010).

Technological Innovations for Rural Water Supply in Low-resource Settings CHALLENGES OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY

Project start: • Project finished:
Collaborators: Aquaya Institute, Aguaconsult, ATREE, KNUST, RWSN, Skat Foundation, Safe Water Network, Water Mission
Funder: USAID


Globally, the Sustainable Development Goals (2015–2030) are driving efforts to increase water service levels, while ensuring that services are affordable and no vulnerable population is left behind. In concert with global development goals, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Rural Evidence and Learning for Water (REAL-Water; 2021–2026) program focuses on identifying ways to expand water access and safety in rural areas of low- and middle-income countries. Rural areas pose special challenges for water supply, as homes may be too few or too dispersed to justify the cost of installing underground pipes from a high-quality water supply source or a centralized drinking water treatment facility. As of 2020, the majority of people lacking even basic water services (i.e., water from a protected source requiring no more than 30 minutes to collect) lived in rural areas.

Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) & Technology Introduction Process (TIP)

Project start: 2011 • Project finished:
Collaborators: Skat Foundation, WaterAid, GIZ. The WASHTech consortium consisted of IRC WASH, WaterAid, Cranfield University, Skat Foundation, WSA, TREND, KNUST and NETWAS
Funder: Currently un-funded


The TAF is a tried-and-tested way of helping organisations improve their understanding of whether a technology that is designed to tackle a Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) problem will work in a particular context. This improved understanding can be used to support decisions on:

1. Whether or not to invest or support the introduction of Technology X in Context Y
2. Whether or not to continue to invest, support or approve the introduction of Technology X in Context Y
3. Is Technology X ready to scale-up? And what are context-sensitive factors that may play a major role in the success or failure of widespread promotion and uptake?

Although the TAF was developed for WASH technologies, it can be used for any type of technology or product, and has been adapted by others for renewable energy technologies.

The REACH/RWSN 100 Million Initiative A Global Diagnostic of rural water service providers to inform results-based funding

Project start: 2020 • Project finished: 2030
Collaborators: REACH; Uptime Consortium; University of Oxford; other partners
Funder: Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)


Following the 100 Million Initiative global diagnostic study of rural water service providers, the RWSN-REACH 100 Million Initiative is proceeding to a second round of data collection, and inviting rural water service providers to submit a sample of service data from part of their operations for the period of one quarter of a year. This sample data will be used to identify rural water service providers who are able to provide sufficient data quality to participate in results-based funding arrangements that funders could establish. This process will also be used to help potential donors understand the size and scale of service providers who may be ready for results-based funding.

UN Groundwater Summit 2022 7-8 December 2022 | Pre-Summit events: 6 December 2022 UNESCO HQ in Paris, France

Project start: 2022 • Project finished: 2022
Collaborators: UN-Water


The UN-Water Summit on Groundwater will be the culminating event of the 2022 campaign “Groundwater: making the invisible visible”, implemented by the dedicated UN-Water Task Force, co-coordinated by UNESCO and the International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre (IGRAC), on behalf of UN-Water. The main messages from the Summit will be conveyed to the United Nations 2023 Water Conference.

UPGro – African Groundwater 2020 Final report from Unlocking the Potential for Groundwater for the Poor

Project start: 2013 • Project finished: 2020
Collaborators: Skat Foundation, Richard Carter & Associates + research teams from across Africa and Europe.
Funder: UK's Department for International Development (DFID), Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and in principle the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)


Unlocking the Potential of Groundwater for the Poor (UPGro), was a seven-year international research programme (2013-2020) which was jointly funded by UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

Nearly 200 of the world’s best researchers from more than 50 organisations across Africa and Europe were focused on improving the evidence base around groundwater availability and management in Sub-Saharan Africa. The goal has been to ensure that the hidden wealth of Africa’s aquifers benefit all citizens and the poorest in particular. UPGro projects have been interdisciplinary, linking the social and natural sciences to address this challenge

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