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Author Year Downloads Title

Borehole Costing Model V2.8 BETA

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Author: Tom Heath, Philip Tibenderana, Richard Carter,Kerstin Danert & Etsegenet Berhe
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Cranfield University, UNICEF, SDC, Skat

This Borehole Costing Model is a spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel 2003

Once set up the model can quickly calculate the actual cost of a borehole (not the price). The first time the model is used it requires the unit costs to be entered for different materials and rigs. The model was built by Tom Heath, Richard Carter and Kerstin Danert. The model consists of three components: Model Unit Costs, Borehole Specifications and Results.

(See Quick Start Guide)

Borehole Costing Model v2.8: Quick Start Guide

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Author: Tom Heath
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Cranfield University, UNICEF, SDC, Skat

Overview
Once set up the model can quickly calculate the actual cost of a borehole (not the price). The first time the model is used it requires the unit costs to be entered for different materials and rigs. The model was built by Tom Heath, Richard Carter and Kerstin Danert. The model consists of three components: Model Unit Costs, Borehole Specifications and Results.

(See separate spreadsheet model: Borehole Costing Model v2.8)

Tearfund Key Learning Subject Area: Water and Sanitation

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Author: Greaves, F.
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: Tearfund
Institution:

This short word document identifies nine specific areas for action or recommendations. These are: 1) Community participation should be incorporated into WASH projects at every stage of relief intervention; 2) Help beneficiaries to create appropriate community-based management structures for WASH facilities; 3) WASH interventions must be based on an integration of water provision and safe excreta disposal and hygiene promotion; 4) Adopt mechanisms for cost-recovery of WASH projects appropriate to the context; 5) Ensure the project links with local government through, influencing, advocating and supporting local policy development for improved access to WASH, besides ensuring that local government agencies make appropriate contributions to the project; 6) Consider environmental sustainability in WASH projects; 7) Ensure effective supply chains are in place for spare parts for pumps, generators, treatment equipment and consumables, and water testing equipment; 8) Where possible, adopt social marketing processes in WASH; 9) Adopt Water Safety Plans.
Each recommendation is supplemented by detailed reasons and benefits. As a guidance document, this brief report would be useful as a check-list for existing projects and an excellent starting point for future ones.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Learning from UNICEF’s Experiences of Water Well Drilling Code of Practice for Cost-Effective Boreholes

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Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat/UNICEF

This paper reviews experiences from the history of UNICEF’s involvement in water well drilling and draws out lessons on how to improve the Cost-Effectiveness of Borehole provision. It has built on the work of numerous professionals within UNICEF, who have been committed to improving the cost-effectiveness of water well provision over the years. The author undertook interviews and held group discussions with over 70 stakeholders and reviewed numerous UNICEF reports as well as the Supply Division procurement database.

IFC Smart Lessons - November 2009 Scaling Up Rural Water Supply Service in Benin: A Programmatic Approach and Budget Support

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Author: PREVOST, C., BEA, S., LEROY-THEMEZE, C.
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: IFC
Institution:

People in rural areas of Benin have a greatly increased access to safe drinking water, thanks to government vision, donor support, and the investment and advisory assistance of the World Bank. In 2000, the government of Benin began preparing the ministries of key sectors for a shift from a project approach to a programmatic approach with enhanced budget support. The World Bank, through Budget Support Operations1 and other donors, has supported Benin’s reforms in budget preparation and management and in implementation of the country’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. The Ministry of Rural Water Supply was part of this move, and Benin is on track to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) target for its rural drinking-water supply. The SmartLessons below share how the World Bank contributed to Benin’s remarkable progress in this sector, and what we learned along the way.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Post-Construction Support and Sustainability in Community-Managed Rural Water Supply Water P-Notes Issue 39

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Author: Bakalian, A., Wakeman, W.
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: World Bank
Institution:

Water projects in developing countries are inaugurated with great fanfare by the governments, lenders, and sponsors that make them possible; the projects' results, however, don't always receive the publicity of groundbreaking ceremonies. This study reports the findings of a multi-country research project intended to discover how such rural water supply (RWS) systems actually perform. Its emphasis was on how performance was affected by post-construction support (PCS) to communities after project completion. Information was collected from households, village water committees (VWCs), focus groups of residents, system operators, and key informants in rural communities in Bolivia, Ghana, and Peru. Approximately 10,000 individuals registered their opinions. The great majority of the systems were found to be performing well; the factors influencing their sustainability should help policy makers, investors, and managers around the globe who plan rural water systems.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Domestic Rainwater Harvesting and the water sector in Uganda Sub-Sector Analysis: Field study

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Author: DANERT, K., MOTTS, N.
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: EnterpriseWorks/VITA
Institution: EnterpriseWorks/VITA

Enterprise Works/VITA (EWV) is interested in large scale, market-based promotion of domestic rain water harvesting (DRWH) as one way to meet the domestic water consumption needs of lower income families in developing countries. This report presents the findings of a study which assessed the potential for promoting DRWH production and distribution chains on a commercial basis in rural Uganda. Morever, the current practice of DRWH in Uganda is analyzed, along with existing supply chains, alternative storage vessels and many other aspects of DRWH. The report provides recommendations on how this might be achieved.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Domestic Rainwater Harvesting: Vietnam Field Study Report 2009

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Author: Alexandra Snelgrove, Kimberley Patrick
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: EnterpriseWorks/VITA
Institution: EnterpriseWorks/VITA

This reports summarizes the findings of a field study undertaken in Vietnam in 2009. An in-depth investigation of the sub-sector of domestic rainwater harvesting (DRWH) was undertaken. Enbaling conditions for the relatively high level of practie of DRWH in some regions of Vietnam were examined alonside potential threats for the further expansion of this practice, with a particular focus on the intention to introduce an alternative product to the standard mortar jars ("Thai Jars"). Recommendations are made on how to introduce and market the alternative product, developed by EnterpriseWorks/Vita as a flexible membrane container.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Domestic Rainwater Harvesting: Tanzania Field Study Report 2009

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Author: Paul Omondi, Mwanasha Ally and Evangline Wanyama
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: EnterpriseWorks/VITA
Institution: EnterpriseWorks/VITA

This report presents the key findings of a study of the domestic rainwater harvesting (DRWH) sub-sector in Tanzania. The principle purpose of the study was to assess the potential of rainwater harvesting (RWH) for domestic use in Tanzania, and equally to collect appropriate background information necessary to evaluate the potential commercialization of the EnterpriseWorks/Vita flexible membrane water tank. Essentially, the study sought to assess the preferred product attributes and technical parameters needed to stimulate demand for the product and evaluate the potential for its commercialization.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Manufacturing Process for the 2,000-liter Thai Jar Illustration of the Process

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Author: Jon Naugle
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: Jon Naugle
Institution:

This document is an illustration of the manufacturing process of the 2,000-liter Thai Jar as they are produced and use by the millions in Thailand.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Cartographie thématique des zones favorables aux techniques de captage et d?exhaure à faible coût

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Author: VAHARY SALAMA
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: Practica Foundation
Institution: USAID

This report maps out the favourable zones for manual drilling and low cost pumps in parts of Madagascar. The report outlines the drilling techniques (which cost between US$80 and US$ 250 per well); the pumps (Canzee and Rope Pumps costing US$ 40 to US$ 175) and provides a series of maps of hand drilling and pump potential in the regions of Amoro I Mania, Haute Masiatra, Antisinanana. Analanjirofo, Alaotramangoro, Vatovavy Fitovinany, Anosy and Atsimo Andrefana.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Cost-Effective Boreholes in sub-Saharan Africa Cost-Effective Boreholes in sub-Saharan Africa

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Author: DANERT, K., CARTER, R. C., ADEKILE, D. and A. MACDONALD
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: WEDC - Water, Engineering and Development Centre
Institution:

The paper sets out a conceptual framework for Cost-Effective Boreholes (CEB) in sub-Saharan Africa. It breaks down the term CEB into several components. Using examples from the literature, it sets out six key factors and ten elements that affect cost-effective boreholes.

Hand Drilling Newsletter Volume 4

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Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Skat

Linking stakeholders and sharing experiences on hand drilling approaches and technologies in sub-Saharan Africa and beyond.
This edition brings you an update from UNICEF-funded work in Niger for domestic wells, and some insights into the benefits of accessible water for productive use in Nicaragua.

Mozambique Drillers Association Inaugural Meeting Cost Effective Boreholes Newsflash

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Author: MARCARIO, L.
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP

The Mozambique Drillers Association held its inaugural meeting in August 2008. The event provided a first opportunity for multilateral dialogue at the highest possible level between borehole drilling entrepreneurs, Government of Mozambique (GoM), donors ,civil society organizations and other financing agencies. There were no doubts among members on the need for an association of all drilling professionals to coordinate for a better drilling industry. Presentations and discussions on the second day focused on business and funding opportunities and technology and standards.

Reunião de Lançamento e Primeira Assembleia Geral Hotel Rovuma, em Maputo 7 e 8 de Agosto de 2008

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Author: APM
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: ASSOCIAÇÃO DE PERFURAÇÃO DE MOÇAMBIQUE
Institution: WSP

O documento conceitual do evento diz que entre 300,000 a 500,000 furos serão necesários para o alcance dos Objectivos e Desenvolvimento do Milénio (ODM) em África. Destes, aproximadamente 20,0001 furos novos para o abastecimento de água às populações rurais, deverão ser feitos em Moçambique até 2015. A pergunta que se põe é: quem é que vai fazer esses furos e a que preço?

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Water Well Drilling Association of Nigeria Report 2008

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Author: ADEKILE, D.
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP

In 2008, the Water Well Drilling Association of Nigeria was inaugurated. Members contributed and pledged US$ 10,000 towards the organisation.

Operation and Maintenance of Rural Water Supplies in Malawi Study Findings

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Author: BAUMANN, E. and K. DANERT
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: Skat
Institution:

This report describes the findings of an O&M study in Malawi, undertaken in November 2008. The report is accompanied by a sister document explaining a proposed framework for O&M and recommending actions to establish the system. The study team reviewed relevant documentation, followed by three weeks of fieldwork in Malawi. Visits were made to 15 Districts in all three regions of Malawi. The consultants were accompanied by MoIWD staff. Consultations were held with over 80 stakeholders

An Introduction to Self Supply - Putting the User First Incremental improvements and private investment in rural water supply

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

This field note provides the reader with an introduction to self-supply. Self Supply is the improvement to house-hold or community water supply through user investment in water treatment, supply construction and up-grading, and rainwater harvesting.

Baseline Survey for Self Supply in Luapula Province (Zambia) MANSA AND MILENGE DISTRICTS

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Author: MBAWO, E.
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: Zulu Burrow Ltd.
Institution: UNICEF

This report is a Baseline Survey on Self Supply on traditional water sources undertaken in Mansa and Milenge Districts of the Luapula Province of Zambia. The study supported by UNICEF, was undertaken from December 2007 to February 2008.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

National Consultative Workshop on Self Supply June 4-6 2008, Wolisso, Ethiopia Report on Presentations, Discussions and Follow up Actions

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: UNICEF, WSP

In 2007 WSP/ RWSN supported a reconnaissance survey in a part of Oromia to look at the potential for Self Supply and link it to developments in other countries. This rekindled interest in the approach and a concept paper reviewing the UAP strategy was written in March 2008 to bring Self Supply more strongly into the strategy

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