RWSN Resources

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6th RWSN Forum - Event Report Rural Water Supply in the 21st Century: Myths of the Past, Visions for the Future

Downloads: 33


Author: FUREY S. G. & DANERT K.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Full details of the event available at http://rwsnforum.wordpress.com

The 2011 6th Rural Water Supply Network Forum in Kampala set out a vision for the future. It provided the opportunity for 480 participants from 54 countries to share their experiences and chart key next steps along the path for rural water supplies. This includes actions determined at the Forum and the Kampala Rural Water Supply Commitments with ten statements. These summarise a commitment to accelerating progress in inclusive and sustainable rural water supplies wherever those services are absent or under-performing.
As well as being opened and closed by Hon. Maria Mutagamba, Minister of Water and Environment, we were kindly joined by a sizeable delegation from the Government of South Sudan and the Hon. Ato Kebede Gerba, Minister for Water and Energy for Ethiopia.

Mythes du secteur de l’alimentation en eau en milieu rural RWSN Perspective No 4

Downloads: 34


Author: COMITÉ DE PILOTAGE EXÉCUTIF
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Veiller à ce que les populations habitant en milieu rural à travers le monde n’aient pas à marcher pendant des heures pour collecter une eau potable en quantité suffisante constitue un défi majeur. Ce bref article soulève les problèmes qui se posent à ceux d’entre nous qui s’emploient à améliorer l’alimentation en eau en milieu rural, qu’il s’agisse de bailleurs de fonds, de gouvernements ou d’ONG, de gestionnaires de programmes ou de praticiens. Il examine de près nos résultats limités, identifie les domaines où nos approches méritent d’être améliorées fondamentalement et propose des solutions à certains défis.

National Monitoring of Rural Water Supplies How the Government of Uganda did it and lessons for other countries

Downloads: 423


Author: SSOZI, D. and DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Imagine a transparent process that brings together all the work that is taking place in the country. Imagine a mechanism that can show promising approaches and identify gaps. Imagine a report that consolidates the status, investment, progress and challenges on rural water supplies for an entire country. This is what the Government of Uganda has achieved over a ten-year period.

Having been involved in Water and Environment sector performance measurement from its inception in 2003 up to today, the authors of this publication describe the lessons learned and challenges, setting out five principles and ten golden rules for others who want to establish such a process.

Finding Information on Rural Water Supplies RWSN-IFAD Rural Water Supply Series: Volume 4

Downloads: 235


Author: FLOWERS, C. & DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Rural Water Supply Network

This publication helps you to navigate the information out there on rural water supplies. It is for stakeholders who are new to rural water supplies, as well as others who are already knowledgeable of the topic, but would like a comprehensive overview of current information sources.
It pulls together the main sources of information regarding rural water supplies coverage (and lack of coverage), implementation agencies and finance that exist in 2012. We also provide you with a starting point to find out more about water resources for rural water supplies.

Guidelines and Tools for Rural Water Supplies RWSN IFAD Rural Water Supply Series: Volume 3

Downloads: 807


Author: SMITH, J. & FUREY, S.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Rural Water Supply Network

This document is a directory of 42 sets of guidelines, manuals and toolkits about the delivery of rural water supply services. Each resource has been categorised by whether its primary audience is international, national, organisation or other. Icons and summary table are used to help you find guidelines relevant to your task. Links and references are provided to help you find the original documents quickly and easily.

People, Politics, the Environment and Rural Water Supplies RWSN-IFAD Rural Water Supply Series: Volume 1

Downloads: 183


Author: DANERT K & FLOWERS C
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RWSN

This publication examines people, politics and the environment and their relation to drinking water supplies in rural areas. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) has become a well-established developmental sector into which domestic water naturally falls. However, efforts to improve rural water supply services may benefit from more inter-disciplinary collaboration.

Given the vast numbers of rural people with inadequate drinking water supplies, it may be time to build better synergies between WASH efforts and other work to reduce poverty, address power imbalances and improve environmental sustainability.

An improved understanding by water supply professionals and practitioners of the broader context of rural like, politics and the environment can provide a good starting point. Likewise, for those working to improve rural livelihoods, address reduce pov-erty, and ensure environmental sustainability, a basic under-standing of rural water supplies is important. This publication tries to inform both of these groups – a little.

Code de bonnes pratiques pour la réalisation de forages Version française

Downloads: 405


Author: DANERT, K., ARMSTRONG, T., ADEKILE, D., DUFFAU, B., OUEDRAOGO, I. & KWEI, C.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution:

La réalisation d’ouvrages pérennes d’exploitation d’eau souterraine est fondamentale pour l’accès universel à l’eau potable. Ce docu-ment, Le Code de bonnes pratiques pour la réalisation de forages présente un cadre pour l’accès à l’eau sur la base de critères écono-miques et de santé publique. Ces bonnes pratiques visent à optimi-ser le rapport qualité/prix de l’investissement à long terme. Les forages étant construits pour fonctionner sur une durée de vie de 20 à 50 ans, le plus bas prix ne représente pas toujours l’optimum économique, en particulier lorsque la qualité des ouvrages est sacri-fiée afin d’économiser sur les investissements. La réalisation de fo-rages très bon marché ou de mauvaise qualité peut engendrer des dysfonctionnements prématurés ou la contamination de la res-source en eau. Ceux-ci sont par la suite abandonnés par les usagers et n’ont pas à l’évidence un bon rapport coût-efficacité.

Handpump Card Game Playing cards of India Mark II and Afridev pump parts

Downloads: 174


Author: OZE, A.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Austrian Red Cross
Institution:

This deck of cards was developed by the Austrian Red Cross for their handpump training course, done in association with Skat and RWSN.

It is a great way of becoming familiar with the handpump components. The deck includes instructions for a number of game variants:
- Top Trumps
- Quiz
- Assembly Collection
- Spare Part Poker
- Sextet
- Team Calculation

Sustainable Supply Chains for Rural Water Services: Linking local procurement of handpumps and spare parts supply Field Note No 2011-1

Downloads: 219


Author: HARVEY, P.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: UNICEF, SDC

There is a critical need to increase the sustainability of rural water supply services, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This Field Note outlines why current approaches to supply chain development for spare parts have not worked. It presents a set of solutions to ensure the availability of spare parts for operation and maintenance of rural water systems through integrated supply chains.

Accelerating Self Supply - Summary of progress in introducing a new approach RWSN Field Note 2011-2

Downloads: 102


Author: SUTTON, S.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

The Ministry of Water and Environment as well as numerous Non-Government Organisations in Uganda have several years of experience in the promotion of rainwater harvesting for domestic use as well as the piloting of household-led improvements to hand-dug wells. It is becoming clear that many households are able and willing to invest in making improvements to their own water supplies. This field note documents the story of promoting such investments in Uganda from the late 1990s to 2010 and sets out a number of key issues that need to be considered as the country develops a Guiding Framework for Accelerating Access to Safe and Reliable Water through Self Supply in Uganda. These issues include the development of clear guidelines, training of the private sector, and links to planning and financial mechanisms.

Low Cost Handpumps RWSN Field Note 2011-3

Downloads: 510


Author: BAUMANN, E.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Groundwater supplies provide a significant proportion of rural dwellers in the developing world with access to a safe drinking water supply and will continue to do so in the near future. With the emergence of Self Supply and its increasing acceptance, low-cost handpumps have a role to play. Twenty five years ago the emphasis was on completely enclosed pumps (for drinking water only) to avoid the contamination of the well. Over the last 10 years, cheaper and simpler pump designs have become more acceptable. This development has been strongly influ-enced by the general recognition of the self-supply approach.

This guidance note points out the strengths and limitations of a number of low cost pumps. It provides an overview of the appli-cation, technical details, materials used, installation and mainte-nance, manufacturing requirements and costs of several low cost pumps, including information on the numbers installed and locations.

A vision for achieving sustainable rural water services for all RWSN Field Note 2011-9

Downloads: 43


Author: CARTER, R. & LOCKWOOD, H.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RWSN Executive Steering Committee

This document sets out the Rural Water Supply Network’s broad vision for the next two decades by defining what we believe are the core principles upon which reliable, safe and equitable services can be provided. The articulation of this vision will be different in each country and be determined by local contexts and priorities. Consequently the purpose of this document is to provide national policy makers, practitioners, development partners and water consumers with an overarching framework which can help them consider their own respective roles and approaches to the provision of water supply services to rural populations.

Une vision pour des services d’eau durables pour tous en milieu rural RWSN Field Note 2011-10

Downloads: 16


Author: Carter, R et H. Lockwood
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Comité de pilotage exécutif

Durant les trois dernières décennies, des sommes substantielles ont été investies dans les services d’approvisionnement en eau des pays à bas revenus. Globalement, environ 700 millions d’habitants ruraux ont ainsi gagné un accès à des services d’approvisionnement améliorés en eau entre 1990 et 2008. De grands progrès ont été accomplis et de nombreuses leçons ont été tirées pendant cette période. Cependant, un nombre équivalent de personnes non desservies subsiste, et une proportion importante de celles que l’on considère comme desservies font face à des pannes et à des défaillances des services.

Accélérer l’auto-approvisionnement: Résumé des progrès accomplis dans l’introduction d’une nouvelle approche RWSN Field Note 2011-6

Downloads: 24


Author: SUTTON, S.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Cela devient évident que les capacités des ménages, leurs priorités, et la force que confère la propriété effective constituent déjà,pour les habitants ruraux, d’importants facteurs incitatifs pour méliorer leur approvisionnement en eau par leurs propres moyens (auto-approvisionnement). Les évaluations et les projets pilotes d’accélération de l’auto-approvisionnement conduits en Éthiopie, au Mali, en Ouganda et en Zambie montrent qu’encourager l’investissement des ménages peut véritablement constituer une option viable, à côté des services d’eau conventionnels, communau-taires et largement subventionnés. L’auto-approvisionnement, et notamment son accélération, peut aider les gouvernements et les planificateurs à atteindre les cibles des OMD en matière d’accès à l’eau potable, et in fine l’accès universel, en particulier dans les zones difficiles à desservir de manière appropriée au niveau com-munautaire.

Accélérer l’auto-approvisionnement Une étude de cas de l’Ouganda 2010 RWSN Field Note 2010-5

Downloads: 15


Author: Danert K. and S. Sutton
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

En Ouganda, le Ministère de l’Eau et de l’Environnement, ainsi que de nombreuses ONG, ont plusieurs années d’expérience dans la promotion de la collecte d’eau de pluie pour usage do-mestique et dans le pilotage de projets d’amélioration par les ménages de puits creusés à la main. Il apparaît que de nom-breux ménages sont capables et désireux d’investir dans l’amélioration de leur système d’approvisionnement en eau. Cette note de terrain explique comment ces investissements ont été encouragés entre la fin des années 1990 et 2010, et expose quelques enjeux principaux, alors que le pays élabore un Plan d’orientation pour accélérer l’accès fiable à de l’eau potable par l’auto-approvisionnement en Ouganda. Ces enjeux comprennent l’élaboration de directives claires, la formation du secteur privé et la mise en relation avec des mécanismes de financement et de planification.

Filières durables d’approvisionnement pour les services d’eau en milieu rural RWSN Field Note 2011-7

Downloads: 16


Author: Harvey, P.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Cette note de terrain explique pourquoi les approches actuelles de développement des filières d'approvisionnement en pièces de rechange n'ont pas donné de résultats. Elle présente un ensemble de solutions pour assurer la disponibilité des pièces de rechange pour l'exploitation et l’entretien des systèmes d’approvisionnement en eau en milieu rural grâce à des filières d'approvisionnement intégrées.

Mitos no Sector de Abastecimento de Água Rural Perspectiva No 4

Downloads: 22


Author: Comité Executivo de Direcção da RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2010
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Um dos maiores desafios deste sector é de assegurar que os habitantes das zonas rurais, a nível mundial, não têm de caminhar várias horas para ir à procura d água potável, em quantidade suficiente. Este documento coloca questões, às partes envolvidas, na tentativa de melhorar o fornecimento de água rural, quer seja doador, governo, ONG, gestor de programa ou especialista. Este documento examina criticamente as nossas modestas realizações, alista as áreas onde as nossas abordagens necessitam de ser substancialmente melhoradas e identifica alguns desafios.

Code of Practice for Cost Effective Boreholes British English Version, June 2010

Downloads: 1268


Author: DANERT, K., ARMSTRONG, T., ADEKILE, D., DUFFAU, B., OUEDRAOGO, I. & KWEI, C.
Year of Publishing: 2010
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Sustainable groundwater development is fundamental in order to provide universal access to safe drinking water. This document, The Code of Practice for Cost Effective Boreholes provides a basis for the realisation of economical and sustainable access to safe water. The term “cost-effective” means optimum value for money invested over the long term. Boreholes are drilled to function for a lifespan of 20 to 50 years. Thus, the lowest cost is not always the most cost-effective, particularly if construction quality is compromised to save money. Cheap drilling or poor construction quality can lead to premature failure of the well or contamination of the water supply. Boreholes that are subsequently abandoned by the users are clearly not cost-effective.

The Code of Practice for Cost-Effective Boreholes has been officially endorsed by the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR).

Myths of the Rural Water Supply Sector RWSN Perspective No 4

Downloads: 804


Author: RWSN Executive Steering Committee
Year of Publishing: 2010
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Ensuring that rural dwellers around the world do not have to walk for hours to collect sufficient and safe drinking water is a huge challenge. This short article raises issues for those of us who are involved in trying to improve rural water supplies, whether as donor, Government or NGO; program manager or practitioner. It takes a hard look at our limited achievements, points to areas where our approaches need to be radically improved and sets some challenges.

This paper was prepared by the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) Executive Steering Committee. It drew heavily on background papers prepared by Kerstin Danert and Peter Harvey and comments from Richard Carter, as well as the knowledge and experiences from all of the Executive Steering Committee members. The process involved a workshop in September 2008 which agreed the main issues that would be covered by the paper. Barbara Evans produced the first draft of the paper and helped facilitate and document the workshop process. This was followed by an extensive review process in order to reach consensus.

Accelerating Self Supply - A Case Study from Ethiopia RWSN Field Note 2010-2

Downloads: 110


Author: SUTTON, S.
Year of Publishing: 2010
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

With 40 million or more rural people without access to safe wa-ter, Ethiopia is faced with a major challenge to reach the Universal Access Plan targets (98% coverage by 2012) or even the MDG target (52% coverage by 2015). At the same time there have already been mass campaigns to encourage household investment in rainwater harvesting for irrigation and well-digging. As a result, the government is keen to adopt the con-cepts of low-cost solutions and Self Supply and is exploring the best ways to do so.

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