RWSN Resources

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5ème Forum RWSN 2006 - Ghana

Downloads: 13


Author: JONES, J. et J. DOYEN
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Amplifier l'Entreprenariat Local en matière d'Approvisionnement en Eua en Milieu Rural pour atteindre les OMDs Compte Rendu en Francais

A Community Resource Book for the Water and Sanitation Sector

Downloads: 548


Author: DWD
Year of Publishing: 2007
Publisher: Ministry of Water and Environment, Republic of Uganda
Institution: Directorate of Water Development

This Community Resource Book has been prepared to provide communities, and especially any active person or group within communities (e.g. Water User Groups), with good knowledge in matters concerning the planning for, management and maintenance of water supply and sanitation facilities. The Book also provides guidance on how to improve the hygiene and sanitation practices at community and household level. In addition it outlines the roles and responsibilities of the respective communities, its leaders as well as key bodies and institutions that are involved in the process of implementing, rehabilitating and maintaining rural water and sanitation activities.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

An Action Research for increasing effectiveness and sustainability in water and environmental sanitation Bafata Region Guinea Bissau

Downloads: 23


Author: ANDERSON, T. and B. MATTHEW
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Plan, West Africa
Institution:

At the request of the West African Regional Office of Plan International an action research was undertaken into increasing effectiveness and sustainability in water and environmental sanitation (WES) in the Bafata Region of Guinea Bissau.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Atelier international sur les chaînes de distribution des pompes à pédales Développement de chaînes de distribution par le secteur privé en milieu rural

Downloads: 25


Author: SCHMID, R.
Year of Publishing: 2002
Publisher: Skat Consulting
Institution:

Le présent rapport est un résumé des contributions, discussions et conclusions de "Atelier international sur les Chaînes de Distribution des Pompes à Pédales" qui s'est tenu du 18 au 24 octobre 2002 au Palais des Congrès de Niamey au Niger.

Briefing Note #1: Artisan Associations

Downloads: 54


Author: UNICEF
Year of Publishing: 2007
Publisher: UNICEF
Institution:

Promoting sustainable operation and maintenance of rural water and sanitation facilities in Zambia. An Artisan Association is a formal association of masons and APMs whose primary role is WASHE service provision at a local level in their catchment area. Existing masons and APMs in UNICEF-supported districts have been encouraged and mobilized to establish associations by the D-WASHEs in their districts.

Bulletin trimestriel RWSN

Downloads: 626


Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution:

Les membres de RWSN recevoir un bulletin électronique trimestriel, qui est disponible en anglais et en français.

Les versions PDF sont affichés ici, depuis 2012, les versions électroniques sont transmis via dgroups (http://dgroups.org/rwsn)

S'IL VOUS PLAÎT NOTE QUE AVANT JUILLET 2012 PLUSIEURS DES LIENS CONSULTER LE SITE WEB ET VIEUX SO ne fonctionne plus à partir de 2013. Cependant, tous les documents ont été transférés sur le nouveau site

Community management of water points: more problem than solution? RWSN Dgroups discussion synthesis

Downloads: 1


Author: Naughton, M.
Year of Publishing: 2017
Publisher: Skat
Institution: RWSN

This note summarizes some of the broad points of a June 2017 RWSN blog written by Dr Ellie Chowns on communitybased management (CBM) and the ensuing discussion on the RWSN Sustainable Services DGroup, to which many RWSN members contributed .

CBM is the prevalent management model for rural water supply. So what are the issues?
• Lack of accountability: Community management enables government officials and donors alike to abdicate responsibility for ensuring long-term sustainable water services.
• Inefficiency and lack of sustainability: Preventive maintenance is almost never done, repairs are often slow and sub-standard, and committees are unable to collect and save funds.
• Disempowerment: CBM reinforces existing community power relations, thereby breeding conflict rather than strengthening social capital.
• Lack of scalability and dependence on external support: The CBM model has never reliably worked at any scale but is continued due to a lack of viable, or proven alternative. One can always find 'successful' case studies of where it has worked fantastically well – but these tend to be isolated systems, reliant on constant

Community Management of Water Services Approaches, Innovations from Lango & Rwenzori regions, Uganda

Downloads: 273


Author: Nabunnya, J., L. Mirembe, P. Magara, M. Watsisi and R. Otim
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Sustainable Services at Scale (Triple-S Uganda)
Institution: IRC

One of the key challenges contributing to non-functionality of rural water sources is the time lag between the identification of faults and the rehabilitation. This lag, in WASH parlance, is called service downtime, mainly caused by drawbacks in information flow. Information from Water User Committees (WUCs) is hardly received and not well documented; information received from Community Development Officers and Health Assistants is often inaccurate and hard to verify compromising the effectiveness of their monitoring programmes; a lot of information collected by different stakeholders is not shared and is often outdated.

Community Participation and Handpump Sustainability in Rural Ghana Presentation

Downloads: 82


Author: MARKS, S., KOMIVES, K. AND DAVIS, J.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher:
Institution: Stanford University

Why does sustainability matter? Study site: Ghana
1. Which forms of community participation are associated with handpump sustainability? Depth, not breadth, of participation; The type of decision matters;
2. What else explains variation in sustainability? Post-construction support of borehole users; Trust; Alternative water sources

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Community Water Supply in Switzerland what can we learn from a century of successful operation?

Downloads: 100


Author: SALADIN, M.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution:

In the last decade there has been a marked shift towards decentralisation in many developing countries as responsibilities are passed from national administrations to local authorities. In many places this shift to a local approach has left the communities isolated and struggling.
Many infrastructure projects are in difficulties because of the lack of organisational support and know-how. In Switzerland, rural communities have developed and managed their own water supply networks for a long time – in some cases over 100 years. There may be lessons that have been learned in Switzerland over this period that could be helpful - if properly adapted - to communities in developing countries as they take responsibility for their own systems.

Consultancy Services: Quality Assurance of UNICEF Drilling Programmes for Boreholes in Malawi Final Report

Downloads: 190


Author: ANSCOMBE, J.R.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development
Institution: UNICEF

Delivering Universal and Sustainable Water Services Partnering with the Private Sector

Downloads: 2


Author: Menzies I.
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: WSP
Institution: The World Bank

The objective of this Guidance Note is to offer practical, experience-based guidance to those considering or currently
engaging in PPP in the water sector, and to provide a basic understanding of water PPPs and the PPP cycle to better
inform dialogue with governments that are considering PPP arrangements.

It builds on the experience of WSP in supporting PPP reforms in developing countries, especially through the domestic private sector. Key stakeholders in this dialogue include government at all levels, service providers, policy makers, customers, civil society, and professionals.

Many water PPP engagements in developing countries are more domestically oriented and at a smaller scale than international transactions. This Note outlines a rationale and approach for launching a water sector PPP so that government leaders and private sector providers can have informed discussions about the path forward should they choose to explore this approach in their countries.

Development Policies & Practice - May 2012 From Market Logic to a Public Water Service: What Role for public authorities?

Downloads: 20


Author: NAULET, F.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: GRET
Institution:

Small water network entrepreneurs have earned the recognition of public authorities and donors over the past fifteen years. In a large number of developing countries, they are now seen as legitimate actors in the field of water supply in small agglomerations and neighborhoods of large cities. But their action continues to raise important questions: How can they be made more professional while preserving their ability to adapt to local expectations? How can quality standards be raised without making them less affordable? What mechanisms can be used to fi nance and supervise their activities? In practice, allowing small entrepreneurs a place in the “water market” is not enough to ensure access for the largest number or ongoing improvements in services. Public intervention is central to organize these actors’ shift to public service logics.

Development Policies & Practice - October 2011 Drinking Water Access

Downloads: 6


Author: NAULET, F.
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: GRET
Institution:

Using Small Entrepreneurs in Developing Countries: A Strategic—Not Automatic!—Choice

While small local enterprises in developing countries defi nitely have a role to play in expanding access to drinking water, they must not, for all that, be seen as the next “solution” that some are constantly seeking. The diversity among these actors requires one to carefully examine their characteristics, operating rationales and constraints. All these elements need to be taken into account before including these actors in sectoral programs. Recourse to small private entrepreneurs is not a universal cure-all, but under what conditions is it a suitable solution?

Direct Support Post-Construction to Rural Water Service Providers Briefing Note No. 6

Downloads: 52


Author: TRIPLE-S
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Institution: Triple-S

Community-based service providers need regular, structured support that goes beyond ad hoc technical assistance. With effective support, their ability to fulfil administration, operation, and maintenance functions improves and the sustainability of water services becomes more likely. Conversely, lack of support is associated with neglect of capital maintenance, major breakdowns, and lower levels of service.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Do Operation and Maintenance Pay?

Downloads: 54


Author: BAUMANN, E.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: Practical Action
Institution: Waterlines

Life-cycle costing can help planners estimate not only how much handpumps cost to install, but how much they cost to maintain. This article, published in article published in Waterlines Vol. 25 No. 1 July 2006, shows how it is done, and demonstrates that spending more on regular maintenance often works out cheaper in the long run.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Domestic Rainwater Harvesting: Kenya Field Study Report 2009

Downloads: 69


Author: Paul Omondi, Evangline Wanyama and Erik Nissen-Petersen
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: EnterpriseWorks/VITA
Institution: EnterpriseWorks/VITA

This report presents the key findings of a study relating to the domestic rainwater harvesting (DRWH) sub-sector. The field survey was conducted from March 17-30, 2009. Data was collected through visits and meetings supported by semi-structured interviews as well as observations. The principle purpose of the study was to assess the potential of rainwater harvesting (RWH) for domestic use in Kenya, and equally to collect background information necessary for a generic framework to evaluate potential commercialization of the EnterpriseWorks/Vita flexible membrane water tank concept. Essentially, the study sought to assess preferred product attributes and technical parameters needed to motivate the demand-side for this product.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Domestic Rainwater Harvesting: Tanzania Field Study Report 2009

Downloads: 69


Author: Paul Omondi, Mwanasha Ally and Evangline Wanyama
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: EnterpriseWorks/VITA
Institution: EnterpriseWorks/VITA

This report presents the key findings of a study of the domestic rainwater harvesting (DRWH) sub-sector in Tanzania. The principle purpose of the study was to assess the potential of rainwater harvesting (RWH) for domestic use in Tanzania, and equally to collect appropriate background information necessary to evaluate the potential commercialization of the EnterpriseWorks/Vita flexible membrane water tank. Essentially, the study sought to assess the preferred product attributes and technical parameters needed to stimulate demand for the product and evaluate the potential for its commercialization.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Domestic Rainwater Harvesting: Vietnam Field Study Report 2009

Downloads: 39


Author: Alexandra Snelgrove, Kimberley Patrick
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: EnterpriseWorks/VITA
Institution: EnterpriseWorks/VITA

This reports summarizes the findings of a field study undertaken in Vietnam in 2009. An in-depth investigation of the sub-sector of domestic rainwater harvesting (DRWH) was undertaken. Enbaling conditions for the relatively high level of practie of DRWH in some regions of Vietnam were examined alonside potential threats for the further expansion of this practice, with a particular focus on the intention to introduce an alternative product to the standard mortar jars ("Thai Jars"). Recommendations are made on how to introduce and market the alternative product, developed by EnterpriseWorks/Vita as a flexible membrane container.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Engaging Non-state Providers in Rural Water Supply Services Documentation of Experiences in India

Downloads: 18


Author: World Bank
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: World Bank
Institution:

Taking an integrated approach to the country's rural water supply issues, Government of India's (GoI's) National Rural Drinking Water Program (NRDWP) focusses on the key aspects of source and system sustainability. System sustainability is inextricably linked to both technical and financial aspects of operations of rural water supply schemes. A key plank of NRDWP's approach as well as that of the sector reform project that preceded it is the devolution of Operations and Maintenance (O&M) functions, particularly related to distribution at the village level, to Gram Panchayats (GPs), or local government entities, through the formation of Village Water and Sanitation Committees (VWSCs). However, the lack of substantive community engagement in planning and implementation of schemes as well as capacity constraints in GPs has limited the spread and implementation of this approach. As reported in a recent study for the Planning Commission (PC, 2010), only a fourth of GPs surveyed reported VWSCs and less than one percent of the respondents were aware of the VWSCs' existence.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

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