RWSN Resources

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Author Year Downloads Title

A Brief Review of Groundwater for Rural Water Supply in sub-Saharan Africa Technical Report

Downloads: 539

Author: MACDONALD, A., and J. DAVIES
Year of Publishing: 2000
Publisher: British Geological Survey
Institution: DFID, NERC

Groundwater has proved the most reliable resource for meeting rural water demand in sub-Saharan Africa. There are four main hydrogeological environments in SSA. Each of these broad categories requires different methods for finding and abstracting groundwater.

Assessing the Risk to Groundwater from On-Site Sanitation Guidelines for

Downloads: 67

Author: Lawrence, A., Macdonald, D., Howard, A., Barrett, M., Pedley, S., Ahmed, K., Nalubega, M.
Year of Publishing: 2001
Publisher: British Geological Survey 2001

There has been encouraging progress with access to safe drinking water and sanitation in both rural and urban areas since the United Nations Water Decade of the 1980s. However, more than 1 billion people around the world still lack access to safe water supplies and more than 2.4 billion are without adequate sanitation. A substantial majority of these people live in Asia where the lack of sanitation provision is particularly acute. In Africa, over one third of the population still remains without access to safe water and sanitation, and many of these can only be served by groundwater. The need for renewed efforts to improve the situation is recognised in DFID's recently published water strategy paper - ''Addressing the Water Crisis - Healthier and More Productive Lives for Poor People''.

These guidelines are an important contribution to risk assessment and the avoidance of the contamination of groundwater supplies from on-site sanitation. They have been development as part of a project funded by DFID through the water component of the Infrastructure and Urban Development Division's Knowledge and Research Programme.

Cartographie thématique des zones favorables aux techniques de captage et d?exhaure à faible coût

Downloads: 45

Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: Practica Foundation
Institution: USAID

This report maps out the favourable zones for manual drilling and low cost pumps in parts of Madagascar. The report outlines the drilling techniques (which cost between US$80 and US$ 250 per well); the pumps (Canzee and Rope Pumps costing US$ 40 to US$ 175) and provides a series of maps of hand drilling and pump potential in the regions of Amoro I Mania, Haute Masiatra, Antisinanana. Analanjirofo, Alaotramangoro, Vatovavy Fitovinany, Anosy and Atsimo Andrefana.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Draft Review of the Household Arsenic Removal Technology Options

Downloads: 46

Author: MUDGAL, A. K.
Year of Publishing: 2002
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Handpump Technology Network

Arsenic is widely distributed element in the earth’s crust and ranks twentieth in elemental presence. As a Group V element, arsenic exhibits a broad range of chemical reactivity and it is commercially used in alloys with lead. Arsenic in natural water has been reported from several countries including Bangladesh, China, Chile, Ghana, India, Nepal, Rumania, Taiwan, USA and Vietnam. In India, arsenic pollution is mostly of geological origin. However, ground water pollution of anthropogenic origin - due to industrial or mining waste - has been reported from Chennai in Tamil Nadu and Rajnandgaon in Madhya Pradesh.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Drilling Boreholes for Handpumps Working Paper 2 on Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation

Downloads: 390

Author: WURZEL, P.
Year of Publishing: 2001
Publisher: Skat
Institution: RWSN

This booklet seeks to suggest ways in which funds can be better used for making safe water available to the poor by illustrating how drilling costs can be reduced without compromising water quality, water quantity, or the productive life of the borehole. These arguments are directed towards the rural water supply sector as a whole. Those directly addressed are primarily decision makers, government civil servants, planners and implementers of water projects who are not experts in drilling, as well as technical people, project leaders, technical aid personnel etc. This publication is neither a detailed drilling manual nor a methodology of drilling methods.

The author draws on his extensive experience as a member of the UNICEF Water and Environmental Sanitation community. He hopes that his views and proposals will be a catalyst for change, and that this contribution will stimulate interest in experimenting with ideas on low cost drilling of boreholes for handpumps.

Experiences and Ideas from RWSN’s Sustainable Groundwater Community 2013 What are we talking about?

Downloads: 280

Author: DANERT, K
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RWSN

The RWSN’s Sustainable Groundwater Development community ( comprises over 500 members from 69 countries. There has been vibrant exchange and debates on topics such as national groundwater policies, gravel packing, drilling technologies, the life of a handpump and many more. This synthesis pulls together the many ideas, opinions, experiences and suggestions from the online community and makes recommendations for a collaborative way forward.

Framework for Water Source Protection Ministry of Water & Environment, Uganda

Downloads: 236

Author: MWE
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: Ministry of Water & Environment
Institution: Directorate of Water Resource Management

These guidelines were developed as part of the wider operationalisation of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM). The basis of the guidelines is developing a 'Water Source Protection Plan', which bridges the gap between Water Safety Planning, payment for watershed services and IWRM. The planning process encourages the owners/operators of water infrastructure (pumping stations, dams, valley tanks, boreholes) to identify the people in the catchment area for their water source whose activities may be impacting the quantity, quality or reliability of their water supply, and then to agree a mutually beneficial plan of action.

Of the five volumes, three are currently available from MWE from their website (or below)

Groundwater Quality Protection A guide for water utilities, muncipal authorities, and environment agencies

Downloads: 70

Author: FOSTER, S., HIRATA, R., GOMES, D., D'ELIA, M. and PARIS, M.
Year of Publishing: 2002
Publisher: The World Bank
Institution: GW-MATE

This publication provides guidance to water-sector decision makers and planners on how to deal with the quality dimension of groundwater resources management in the World Bank's client countries. There is growing evidence of increasing pollution threats to groundwater and some well-documented cases of irreversible damage to important aquifers. This guide has been produced in the belief that groundwater pollution hazard assessment must become an essential part of environmental best practice for water supply utilities. The guide is particularly relevant for the World Bank's Latin American and Caribbean Region, where many countries have initiated major changes to modernize their institutional and legal framework for water resources management, but may not yet have considered groundwater at the same level as surface water, because of lack of awareness and knowledge of groundwater issues and policy options.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Groundwater theory Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) in the context of Developing and Transition Countries

Downloads: 28

Author: BAUMANN, E.
Year of Publishing: 2007
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Skat

A paper prepared for the Certificate of Advanced Studies Course 2007 - 2008 on Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) in the context of Developing and Transition Countries at the Bern University of Applied Sciences.

Helvetas Cameroon Experiences in Catchment Protection Activities Assessment

Downloads: 79

Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Helvetas

Helvetas Cameroon has been active for more than 10 years in water catchment protection in the North West Province. In this report a review is presented of the activities performed by Helvetas Cameroon in water catchment protection and the best practises are summarised. This was done by reviewing literature on water catchment protection and 6 field visits to sites where Helvetas Cameroon has been actively involved in water catchment protection.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

How to Make Water Wise Roads

Downloads: 420

Author: Steenbergen, F. van, K. Woldearegay, H.M. van Beusekom, D. Garcia Landarte, and M. Al-Abyadh
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: IFAD
Institution: Meta Meta, UPGro, RAIN

This note may serve as guideline on how to combine roads and water harvesting. The investment in roads in almost any country far exceeds that in local water management or watershed protection. Hence roads offer one of the largest opportunities to secure local water supplies, if done wisely and in an integrated way. This document describes both the governance and proceses to combine road development with water management as well as how recharge, retention and reuse (3R) of water can be enhanced through improved designs.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Iron & Manganese Removal: Simple methods for drinking water Working Papers on Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation - Vol. 1

Downloads: 603

Author: HARTMANN, P.
Year of Publishing: 2001
Publisher: Skat

This bulletin is written for engineers and technicians working in the field. It aims to give an introduction to the subject of iron and manganese in drinking water as well as showing possible methods for their removal. There is a focus on simple methods that can be applied in rural and periurban areas for water supplies that serve up to 25 000 consumers.

Local Council Water Security Training Course

Downloads: 625

Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: Richard Carter and Associates Ltd

The course provide appreciation and knowledge of water resources management, a better understanding of risks to water resources, introduces techniques for monitoring water resources and enable a better understanding of the factors that need to be considered when planning WRM activities.

Managing Water Locally An essential dimension of community water development

Downloads: 20

Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: Institution of Civil Engineers, Oxfam, WaterAid

This publication is the outcome of a partnership between the Institution of Civil Engineers in Britain and two international development agencies: Oxfam and WaterAid. In 2009-10 these organisations jointly organised eight public presentations by a mix of academics and practitioners from three continents to an open audience of interested professionals.

Mapping the potential for manual drilling

Downloads: 39

Author: UNICEF
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: UNICEF
Institution: Practica Foundation, EnterpriseWorks/VITA

The potential for manual drilling is being mapped in 20 countries based on available data including hydrogeology, satellite images, and population density. This will provide a clear indication of the countries with the highest potential to benefit from this technique.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Proceedings of the 7th RWSN Forum 29 Nov - 2 Dec 2016, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire

Downloads: 58

Author: FUREY, S. G. (editor)
Year of Publishing: 2017
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution: RWSN

The 2016 Rural Water Supply Network Forum in Abidjan was the first global gathering to consider the practical challenge of how everyone worldwide can get access to safe, affordable water by 2030. It was also the first RWSN Forum to take place in a francophone country, in the 25 years since the creation of the network.
The Forum gathered 467 rural water sector practitioners from over 300 organisations from 64 countries in Africa, Asia, Americas, and Europe, in a bilingual (English/French) four day event. It was opened by the Prime Minister of Côte d’Ivoire, Mr Daniel Kaplan Duncan. We were joined by HE State Minster James Dengchol Tot, Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity of Ethiopia, as well as a delegation from AMCOW.

This Forum proceedings compiles all peer-reviewed materials. Separate downloads and links to the films can be found at:

SDC Guideline for sustainable groundwater resource management Swiss Humanitarian Aid Reports and Papers (SHARP Series: GW/2016/1)

Downloads: 145

Author: BUSSARD, T.
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: SDC

The main objective of the present guideline is to ensure the protection of groundwater intended for human consumption. Consequently, it is mainly focused on the protection of groundwater sources (e.g. pumping well, tapped springs). However, although the protection of sensitive areas for drinking water supply must be given high priority, good practices have to be implemented at a larger scale too, in order to sustain the resources as well as the aquatic ecosystems: awareness must be built in order to avoid any contamination of the water cycle (quality aspect) and to preserve water resources (quantity aspect), in particular within the aquifer areas

Siting of Drilled Water Wells - A Guide for Project Managers RWSN Publication 2014-11

Downloads: 1447

Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RWSN

This field note has been written for managers of water supply programmes and projects. It provides a step by step guide on the siting of drilled water wells. As a first step, the essential requirements for a simple groundwater model are set out, including some basic explanations to help the reader establish a sound understanding of hydrogeology.

Social adoption of groundwater pumping technology and the development of groundwater cultures Governance at the point of abstraction. Thematic Paper 8.

Downloads: 44

Author: JONES, M. J.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: GEF/UNESCO/FAO/IAH/World Bank

This thematic paper examines the historic and on‐going development of water‐lifting technologies and the governance problems and solutions that have arisen from controlled or uncontrolled groundwater abstraction.
It also examines legislation on improved pump efficiency and the economics and life‐cycle costing of borehole

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Spring Catchment Manuals on Drinking Water Supply. Volume 4:

Downloads: 373

Author: MEULI, C., WEHRLE, K.
Year of Publishing: 2001
Publisher: Skat

The purpose of this manual is to present the reader with information on how to build and operate a good spring catchment. However, several thousand technical briefs would be required to cover every possible permutation of the many factors that serve to classify a spring. In practice, no spring is like any other, and therefore guidance in the form of basic principles can only be presented here. The information contained in this manual should be considered and then adapted to suite the specifics of each setting where a spring is located.

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