RWSN Resources

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Author Year Downloads Title

Water Well Guidelines for use in Developing Countries

Downloads: 1629

Author: SCHNEIDER, S. J.
Year of Publishing: 2014

These guidelines are considered minimum requirements for basic protection of the groundwater resource and for the health and safety of those that develop and use the resource. These guidelines are intended to address basic water supply well construction, pumping equipment, and maintenance issues. Water supply wells include wells designed for domestic, municipal, community, industrial, commercial, irrigation and/or livestock water supply use in addition to aquifer storage (injection) and recovery wells.

Manual Drilling Compendium 2015 RWSN Publication 2015-2

Downloads: 1473

Author: DANERT K.
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: Skat
Institution: Skat

Manual drilling refers to several drilling methods that rely on human energy to construct a borehole and complete a water supply. The various techniques can be used in areas where formations are quite soft and groundwater is relatively shallow.

Manual drilling can provide safe drinking water. The equipment can easily be transported to remote, or difficult to serve populations which would otherwise be left behind. The lower costs compared to machine drilling are appreciated by households, businesses and governments. Manual drilling also provides local employment.

Manual drilling methods are being used to provide water for drinking and other domestic needs at least 36 countries around the world. In some places, manual drilling methods are well established.

The compendium provides a useful overview for those wishing to further examine the impacts and challenges of manual drilling, and, more importantly, improve practices on the ground. It is hoped that the document will spur others to undertake fur-ther studies as well as research to document stories and analyse the promotion, uptake and use of manually drilled boreholes. In addition, the compendium should also enable those promoting manual drilling to realise that they are certainly not alone in their endeavours!

RWSN Quarterly Newsletters - ENGLISH Archive of current and past newsletters

Downloads: 1124

Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network

RWSN members receive a quarterly email newsletter,which is available in English and French.

PDF versions are posted here, Since 2012, email versions are posted via dgroups (

EMAS Household Water Supply Technologies in Bolivia Increasing Access to Low-Cost Water Supplies in Rural Areas

Downloads: 780

Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RWSN

This publication provides background on select EMAS household water supply technologies to the wider sector audience. It assesses and presents experiences with these technologies as used in Bolivia. The document provides: (1) an overview of EMAS household water supply technologies (specifically the EMAS Pump, a percussion-jetting-rotation manual drilling method, and rainwater harvesting systems) and of EMAS’s approach to im-proving water supply, and (2) an independent assessment of these EMAS technologies as used in Bolivia. Reference is given to other available resources related to EMAS technologies, including EMAS training videos that are available on the internet.

Hand Drilling Directory Cost Effective Boreholes

Downloads: 728

Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: UNICEF, WSP, SDC, Aqua For All

This document provides a short summary of each of the hand drilling techniques being utilised today; a county-by-country overview of the extent of hand drilling taking place in select countries; an annotated list of organisations involved in promoting and supporting hand drilling and an extensive list of literature, from published articles to training materials and on-line videos.

Bulletin trimestriel RWSN

Downloads: 629

Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network

Les membres de RWSN recevoir un bulletin électronique trimestriel, qui est disponible en anglais et en français.

Les versions PDF sont affichés ici, depuis 2012, les versions électroniques sont transmis via dgroups (

S'IL VOUS PLAÎT NOTE QUE AVANT JUILLET 2012 PLUSIEURS DES LIENS CONSULTER LE SITE WEB ET VIEUX SO ne fonctionne plus à partir de 2013. Cependant, tous les documents ont été transférés sur le nouveau site

Technologies applied for drinking water treatment in rural communities The application of drip chlorination, tablet chlorinators, solar disinfection technology and ceramic filter in Honduras

Downloads: 609

Author: BRAND, A. P.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Water and Sanitation Program (WSP)

This report documents some of the most appropriate technologies and methodologies for drinking water disinfection used by rural communities and families in Honduras, and presents the challenges they face in securing sustainable access to safe water.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Iron & Manganese Removal: Simple methods for drinking water Working Papers on Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation - Vol. 1

Downloads: 604

Author: HARTMANN, P.
Year of Publishing: 2001
Publisher: Skat

This bulletin is written for engineers and technicians working in the field. It aims to give an introduction to the subject of iron and manganese in drinking water as well as showing possible methods for their removal. There is a focus on simple methods that can be applied in rural and periurban areas for water supplies that serve up to 25 000 consumers.

Manually Drilled Boreholes: Providing water in Nigeria’s Megacity of Lagos and beyond

Downloads: 598

Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution: Skat Foundation

The Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) is continuing its work on cost-effective boreholes under its theme of Sustainable Groundwater Development. The network is supporting stakeholders to improve borehole drilling policies and practices. As part of this effort, UNICEF and Skat Foundation are collaborating on manual drilling in Africa. The 2012 to 2014 collaboration documented and facilitated exchange on the introduction and professionalization of manual drilling in more than 20 countries.

This report is about the role played by manually drilled boreholes in meeting water needs in Lagos city, Lagos State and more widely in Nigeria. By examining Nigeria, the report draws out key lessons for those who are promoting, or trying to regulate manual drilling in other countries. It is hoped that this report, and the accompanying photo/video documentary and blogs will trigger action to better support manual drilling efforts in Lagos, in Nigeria and in other countries.

Well Digging A Guide to the Construction and Protection of Hand Dug Wells

Downloads: 593

Author: LAVER, S.
Year of Publishing: 1980
Institution: GTZ, Blair Research Laboratory

This book is written in a non-technical language and is tells the reader how to dig a shallow well, protect a shallow well and improve a traditional well.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Multiple Use Water Services - Potential and Challenges for Rural Dwellers (English/Francais/Espanol). E-Discussion on Multiple use water services, 28th of April – 24th of May 2014.

Downloads: 574

Author: MUS Group/RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RWSN

Multiple Use Water Services - Potential and Challenges for Rural Dwellers.
E-Discussion on Multiple use water services, 28th of April – 24th of May 2014.

Service d’eau à usage multiple - Potentiel et défis pour les habitants en milieu rural.
Discussion en ligne sur les services d’eau à usage multiple, le 28 Avril – 24 Mai 2014.

Servicios de uso múltiple del agua - El potencial y los desafíos para su adopción en áreas rurales
Discusión electrónica sobre los servicios de uso múltiple del agua, del 28 de abril al 24 de mayo de 2014

A Community Resource Book for the Water and Sanitation Sector

Downloads: 556

Author: DWD
Year of Publishing: 2007
Publisher: Ministry of Water and Environment, Republic of Uganda
Institution: Directorate of Water Development

This Community Resource Book has been prepared to provide communities, and especially any active person or group within communities (e.g. Water User Groups), with good knowledge in matters concerning the planning for, management and maintenance of water supply and sanitation facilities. The Book also provides guidance on how to improve the hygiene and sanitation practices at community and household level. In addition it outlines the roles and responsibilities of the respective communities, its leaders as well as key bodies and institutions that are involved in the process of implementing, rehabilitating and maintaining rural water and sanitation activities.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Technical Guidelines for Construction and Maintenance of Hand Dug Wells Sierra Leone

Downloads: 544

Author: Ministry of Water Resources
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Ministry of Water Resources, Republic of Sierra Leone
Institution: Ministry of Water Resources

This document represents the official guidelines of the Government of Sierra Leone on the issue of the construction and maintenance of hand dug wells.

This publication is intended for water sector practitioners and managers who coordinate and oversee water supply service delivery. It is the outcome of a partnership between the Ministry of Water Resources, Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), and a number of implementing agencies working in the WASH sector in Sierra Leone.

If this publication can contribute to permanent and lasting water points in Sierra Leone, and better standards of construction, then it will have achieved its purpose.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

RWSN Webinar Series 2015

Downloads: 514

Author: Kerstin Danert
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RWSN

Presenters from more than 25 different organisations, working in over 20 countries share their practical experiences and research findings. Participants have the opportunity to ask questions, and meet others with similar interests at the events. Topic covered include:
- radio for rural water supplies, drawing on practical experiences from Kenya and Tanzania.
- Self-supply in emergency and development contexts, and we shall be hearing from Sierra Leone as well as Ethiopia, and on the costs and quality of self-supply as well as government roles.
- a series of webinars on groundwater.
- experiences about dealing with gender, violence and access to WASH
- rainwater harvesting
- etc.

All of the presentations and links to the recordings will be posted here within two to three days of each webinar.

Wells Construction Hand Dug and Hand Drilled

Downloads: 480

Author: BRUSH, R. E.
Year of Publishing: 1979
Publisher: Peace Corps
Institution: Information Collection & Exchange

This manual is for development works involved in the construction of wells to supply water to a local population for personal consumption. It has been designed to help field workers with little or no construction experience to assist communities in: planning and designing a well appropriate to the needs of the local population; assessing the advantages or disadvantages of locally available construction materials.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Webinar Series 2014 (RAIN - RWSN) Interactive webinars that aim promote sharing of knowledge and experience in rainwater harvesting

Downloads: 463

Author: FUREY S. G.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RAIN/RWSN
Institution: RAIN/RWSN

The idea is simple. There is hardly a place in the world where it never rains. Rainwater belongs to everyone. And the methods to collect, store, use and reuse rainwater (to ‘harvest’ rainwater) are easy to apply. So why not spread those methods around the world?

RAIN Foundation and RWSN are collaborating on increasing understanding and uptake of rainwater harvesting, and connecting with people who are looking for help in implementing these systems.

This series of webinars show cases some of the innovative approaches being undertaken around the world.

How to make a hand-pump Collection Pro-Agro

Downloads: 458

Author: SIMB SIMB, T.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: Engineers Without Bhe Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Co-operation (CTA).

This guide presents a hand pump that is made from materials available locally. The hand pump operates with a plunger and is submerged in the water. It is made from PVC pipes, old tyres and wood. It is recommended for wells up to 25 metres deep (it has not been tested for greater depths), and can draw around ten litres per minute.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

How to Make Water Wise Roads

Downloads: 425

Author: Steenbergen, F. van, K. Woldearegay, H.M. van Beusekom, D. Garcia Landarte, and M. Al-Abyadh
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: IFAD
Institution: Meta Meta, UPGro, RAIN

This note may serve as guideline on how to combine roads and water harvesting. The investment in roads in almost any country far exceeds that in local water management or watershed protection. Hence roads offer one of the largest opportunities to secure local water supplies, if done wisely and in an integrated way. This document describes both the governance and proceses to combine road development with water management as well as how recharge, retention and reuse (3R) of water can be enhanced through improved designs.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.


Downloads: 405

Author: COLLINS, S.
Year of Publishing: 2000
Publisher: Skat

This Manual, Volume 5 in the SKAT series on Rural Water Supply, deals with the planning, construction, management, operation and maintenance of handdug wells for water supply to communities in the South. It is intended to be used by planners, engineers and technicians in the Water Sector, with the aim of facilitating the decision on the type of technology to use in a given situation and, where relevant, to outline the implementation of that technology.
It is hoped that the manual will also be useful to those involved in village liaison work, in giving an idea of the technical aspects related to improving village water supplies.

RWSN Strategy 2015 - 2017

Downloads: 405

Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2014

This Strategy sets the direction of the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) for the next three years. It explains what we are trying to achieve, how, why and who. The four themes from the previous strategy will continue, with some changes of focus, and "Mapping & Monitoring" becomes a cross-cutting topic.

This is not the definitive final version so may be subject to change over the next few weeks or months.

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