RWSN Resources

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Author Year Downloads Title

Drilling Boreholes for Handpumps Working Paper 2 on Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation

Downloads: 390


Author: WURZEL, P.
Year of Publishing: 2001
Publisher: Skat
Institution: RWSN

This booklet seeks to suggest ways in which funds can be better used for making safe water available to the poor by illustrating how drilling costs can be reduced without compromising water quality, water quantity, or the productive life of the borehole. These arguments are directed towards the rural water supply sector as a whole. Those directly addressed are primarily decision makers, government civil servants, planners and implementers of water projects who are not experts in drilling, as well as technical people, project leaders, technical aid personnel etc. This publication is neither a detailed drilling manual nor a methodology of drilling methods.

The author draws on his extensive experience as a member of the UNICEF Water and Environmental Sanitation community. He hopes that his views and proposals will be a catalyst for change, and that this contribution will stimulate interest in experimenting with ideas on low cost drilling of boreholes for handpumps.

Water Safety Planning for Small Communities Step-by-step risk management guidance for drinking-water supplies in small communities

Downloads: 298


Author: WHO
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: World Health Organisation
Institution:

The WSP approach is designed to help a community manage health risks that could threaten its water supply. By following the WSP approach, community members identify and prioritize health risks and, where necessary, take steps, over time,to improve the safety of the water supply using available resources. WSPs are applicable for a range of scales and levels, and in different contexts. A WSP can be developed for all existing schemes, from point sources to piped systems, as well as for new supplies. In new schemes, it should be straightforward for the supporting agency to incorporate the WSP approach into initial community mobilization and project implementation.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Handpump Specification for: Indus Pump, Kabul Pump, Pamir Pump (Revision 1-2006)

Downloads: 179


Author: WAHIDULLAH, K. and K. ERPF
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Skat

This RWSN Specification contains a full product definition for the Indus-, Kabul-, and Pamir Handpumps, including: Manufacturing processes and inspection, assembly and part drawings, part lists.

The Specification is intended to assist all users of the Indus-, Kabul- and Pamir Pumps, but is primarily aimed at purchasers, manufacturers and inspectors of these handpumps.

Water Catchment Protection Handbook 1. Learning and Experience Sharing Series

Downloads: 201


Author: VAN DER WAARDE, J. J., TEBONG MUSA, H. and ISCHER M.
Year of Publishing: 0000
Publisher: Helvetas
Institution:

This document describes a more or less standardised approach for the organisational and technical implementation of water catchment protection. This approach consists of 8 steps:
1: Preparation
2: Sensitisation of the population
3: Feasibility study
4: Water catchment protection plan
5: Land demarcation and ownership
6: Implementation water catchment protection
7: Operation and maintenance
8: Monitoring and evaluation

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Draft Specifications for Arsenic Field Test Kit for Drinking Water

Downloads: 41


Author: UNICEF
Year of Publishing: 2001
Publisher: UNICEF
Institution:

This specifications prescribes requirements of field test kit for assessing total arsenic (As III and AsV) in drinking water with a range 10 to 100 ppb (0.01 to 0.1 mg/L) in drinking water. It includes chemistry of test, constituents of kit, preparation of reagents and detection tube, performance tests on chemicals and reagents, quality of chemicals and kit reagents used, construction details of equipment, internal quality control, external quality control, conformity for acceptance, packaging and guarantee.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Borehole Costing Model V2.8 BETA

Downloads: 709


Author: Tom Heath, Philip Tibenderana, Richard Carter,Kerstin Danert & Etsegenet Berhe
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Cranfield University, UNICEF, SDC, Skat

This Borehole Costing Model is a spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel 2003

Once set up the model can quickly calculate the actual cost of a borehole (not the price). The first time the model is used it requires the unit costs to be entered for different materials and rigs. The model was built by Tom Heath, Richard Carter and Kerstin Danert. The model consists of three components: Model Unit Costs, Borehole Specifications and Results.

(See Quick Start Guide)

Borehole Costing Model v2.8: Quick Start Guide

Downloads: 406


Author: Tom Heath
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Cranfield University, UNICEF, SDC, Skat

Overview
Once set up the model can quickly calculate the actual cost of a borehole (not the price). The first time the model is used it requires the unit costs to be entered for different materials and rigs. The model was built by Tom Heath, Richard Carter and Kerstin Danert. The model consists of three components: Model Unit Costs, Borehole Specifications and Results.

(See separate spreadsheet model: Borehole Costing Model v2.8)

How to Make Water Wise Roads

Downloads: 419


Author: Steenbergen, F. van, K. Woldearegay, H.M. van Beusekom, D. Garcia Landarte, and M. Al-Abyadh
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: IFAD
Institution: Meta Meta, UPGro, RAIN

This note may serve as guideline on how to combine roads and water harvesting. The investment in roads in almost any country far exceeds that in local water management or watershed protection. Hence roads offer one of the largest opportunities to secure local water supplies, if done wisely and in an integrated way. This document describes both the governance and proceses to combine road development with water management as well as how recharge, retention and reuse (3R) of water can be enhanced through improved designs.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

VLOM Pumps Technical Brief 41

Downloads: 89


Author: SKINNER, B. and SHAW, R.
Year of Publishing: 1999
Publisher: Loughborough University
Institution: WEDC

A VLOM pump is one which can be operated and sustained using Village Level Operation and Maintenance.
The term VLOM is also used, meaning Village Level Operation and Management of Maintenance.
This addition emphasizes the role of users as the managers of maintenance – they may choose to use someone from outside the village to assist with more complicated repairs. Not all maintenance and repair needs to be done by the villagers for a pump to be classed as a VLOM pump.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Installation & Maintenance Manual for the India Mark II Handpump (Edition 2008)

Downloads: 1334


Author: SKAT
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat

The Installation and Maintenance Manual for the India Mark II Handpump is intended to assist all users of this handpump, especially to give a guideline for the installation procedures as also for maintaining the pump including the pump platform.

This document results from several years of work carried out by UNICEF Eritrea in partnership with SKAT – RWSN. Special thanks are given to the staff of the Debub region of Eritrea, especially Mr. Giorghis Tecle; and Mr. Eric Toft and Yodit Hiruy of UNICEF Eritrea.

Suggestions for improvement on the manual are welcomed for future updates and can be sent to Skat– RWSN

How to make a hand-pump Collection Pro-Agro

Downloads: 458


Author: SIMB SIMB, T.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: Engineers Without Bhe Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Co-operation (CTA).
Institution:

This guide presents a hand pump that is made from materials available locally. The hand pump operates with a plunger and is submerged in the water. It is made from PVC pipes, old tyres and wood. It is recommended for wells up to 25 metres deep (it has not been tested for greater depths), and can draw around ten litres per minute.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Water Well Guidelines for use in Developing Countries

Downloads: 1615


Author: SCHNEIDER, S. J.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher:
Institution:

These guidelines are considered minimum requirements for basic protection of the groundwater resource and for the health and safety of those that develop and use the resource. These guidelines are intended to address basic water supply well construction, pumping equipment, and maintenance issues. Water supply wells include wells designed for domestic, municipal, community, industrial, commercial, irrigation and/or livestock water supply use in addition to aquifer storage (injection) and recovery wells.

Maintenance Card for Rope Pump

Downloads: 100


Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat

A quick overview of the key actions to maintain a Rope Pump

Water safety plan A field guide to improving drinking-water safety in small communities

Downloads: 211


Author: RICKERT, B., SCHMOLL, O., RINEHOLD, A. and E. BARRENBERG
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: World Health Organisation
Institution:

The WHO Guidelines for drinking-water quality recommend the water safety plan (WSP) approach as
the most effective way of ensuring continuous provision of safe drinking-water. The challenges related
to drinking-water supply in rural areas and small towns are of notable concern across the entire WHO
European Region, but the WSP approach has been proven to work effectively in small-scale water supplies.
This field guide aims to support WSP implementation in small communities by providing brief explanations
of the WSP process and practical templates for field use.

Madagascar Rope Pump Specification First Edition 0 - 2004

Downloads: 318


Author: RANDRIANASOLO, A. and ERPF, K.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat

This manual provides a full specification and technical drawings of the Madagascar Rope Pump including:
- manufacturing processes and inspection
- requirements for compliance with international standards
- assembly and detail drawings
- parts list

Afridev: Guidelines for Quality Control and Quality Assurance of Afridev Handpump (Revision 1-2000)

Downloads: 110


Author: PRAKASH, G. & ERPF K.
Year of Publishing: 2000
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat / SGS India Ltd.

These Guidelines cover various aspects of QC and QA of the Afridev Handpump. The target group includes manufacturers, inspection agencies and purchasers.

Afridev: Guidelines for Quality Control and Quality Assurance of Afridev Handpump (Revision 2-2008)

Downloads: 166


Author: PRAKASH, G. & ERPF K.
Year of Publishing: 2008
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat / SGS India Ltd.

The Afridev Handpump is produced in several developing countries. The quality, however, varies from manufacturer to manufacturer. While most of the quality related problems can be attributed to lack of internal quality control mechanism at the factory level, others can be attributed either to inadequate procurement procedures or insufficient understanding of the quality assurance requirements by inspection agencies.

Normes et Standards de Forage Manuels au Tchad

Downloads: 61


Author: PRACTICA
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: UNICEF
Institution: Ministre de la pêche, de l’hydraulique villageoise et pastorale

Le Ministère de la Pêche, de l’Hydraulique Pastorale et Villageoise, après consultation d'experts nationaux et internationaux, a décidé de fixer les normes techniques pour les forages manuels d'une profondeur comprise entre 30 et 50 mètres (sauf situation hydrogéologique exceptionnelle) telles que décrites ci dessous.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Technical Standards for Manually Drilled Boreholes in Chad

Downloads: 159


Author: PRACTICA
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: UNICEF
Institution: Ministry of Fisheries, Pastoral and Rural Hydraulics

The Ministry of Fisheries, Pastoral and Rural Hydraulics has, after consultation with national and international experts, decided to maintain standards for boreholes drilled manually to a depth between 30 and 50 metres.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Manual for Integrated Projects for Rural Groundwater Supplies

Downloads: 123


Author: ODA Groundwater Team
Year of Publishing: 1982
Publisher:
Institution: UNDP

This Manual has been prepared so that Malawian professional staff can effectively and economically provide domestic water supplies to the large number of Malawi rural villages that depend on groundwater. This Manual is distributed at the seminar so that other countries may benefit from significant advances in rural groundwater development which have taken place in Malawi over the past two years with the assistance of the United Kingdom Government and United Nations Development Programme. The Manual is based on work carried out by staff of the Department of Lands, Valuation and Water in co­ operation with staff of the UKODA and UNDTCD and the participation of Malawi's industrial sector.

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