RWSN Resources

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Rural Water Supply Network - Annual Report 2016 Enabling practitioners, professionals and ultimately water users to make informed decisions on how to improve and maintain access to safe water in rural areas.

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2017
Publisher: Skat Foundtion
Institution: Rural Water Supply Network

The focus for the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) in 2016 was preparing for, and managing the 7th RWSN Forum in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, from 29th November to 2nd December with the title “Water for Everyone”. This was the first RWSN Forum to take place in a francophone country in the 25 years since the creation of the network.

Throughout 2016 specific in-country activities included a short-course on Procurement, Contract Management and Costing and Pricing in Zambia and a participative analysis of Manual Drilling in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Workshops organized by the World Bank in Bangkok and Lima on sustainable services drew together government agencies in both regions. Key lessons from both events fed into the RWSN Forum under the RWSN Theme “Sustainable Services”.

RWSN continued to work on strengthening the links between research and practice on groundwater by disseminating the outputs from UPGro (Unlocking the Potential of Groundwater for the Poor) research to the RWSN membership as well as fostering direct linkages between groundwater experts and water supply professionals.

Proceedings of the 7th RWSN Forum 29 Nov - 2 Dec 2016, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire

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Author: FUREY, S. G. (editor)
Year of Publishing: 2017
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution: RWSN

The 2016 Rural Water Supply Network Forum in Abidjan was the first global gathering to consider the practical challenge of how everyone worldwide can get access to safe, affordable water by 2030. It was also the first RWSN Forum to take place in a francophone country, in the 25 years since the creation of the network.
The Forum gathered 467 rural water sector practitioners from over 300 organisations from 64 countries in Africa, Asia, Americas, and Europe, in a bilingual (English/French) four day event. It was opened by the Prime Minister of Côte d’Ivoire, Mr Daniel Kaplan Duncan. We were joined by HE State Minster James Dengchol Tot, Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity of Ethiopia, as well as a delegation from AMCOW.

This Forum proceedings compiles all peer-reviewed materials. Separate downloads and links to the films can be found at: https://rwsn7.net/content/

SDC Guideline for sustainable groundwater resource management Swiss Humanitarian Aid Reports and Papers (SHARP Series: GW/2016/1)

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Author: BUSSARD, T.
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: SDC
Institution:

The main objective of the present guideline is to ensure the protection of groundwater intended for human consumption. Consequently, it is mainly focused on the protection of groundwater sources (e.g. pumping well, tapped springs). However, although the protection of sensitive areas for drinking water supply must be given high priority, good practices have to be implemented at a larger scale too, in order to sustain the resources as well as the aquatic ecosystems: awareness must be built in order to avoid any contamination of the water cycle (quality aspect) and to preserve water resources (quantity aspect), in particular within the aquifer areas

What’s Working, Where, and for How Long A 2016 Water Point Update to the RWSN (2009) statistics

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Author: Banks, B. & S. G. Furey
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: GWC/Skat

• An average of 78% of water points are functional across the 11 countries analyzed.

• The high failure rates early after installation are troubling: almost 15% after one year and 25% of water points are non-functional by their fourth year after installation. This indicates widespread problems with poor quality water point installation, due to a range of problems that may include professionalism and skills around contracts, construction and supervision; borehole siting; lack of quality control of hardware; or lack of post-construction monitoring and problem resolution.

• Handpumps are often singled out as technology that fails, but analysis of other water point types show similar functionality levels, and that tens of thousands of handpumps are providing a service

This poster was peer-reviewed and presented at the 7th RWSN Forum in Abidjan, Cote'Ivoire 2016.

It replaces "Handpump Data 2009 Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa" (2009)

Elements of Sustainable Solar Water Pumping System Design Synthesis and presentations from 2015 WEDC Conference Workshop

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Author: ARMSTRONG, A.
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Water Missions International

Technological advances over the past decade have made solar water pumping a viable option for potable water service delivery in rural settings. Solar pumping is an especially attractive alternative when poor groundwater quality or high population density and growth limit the applicability of boreholes fitted with handpumps. However, globally-accessible resources that specifically speak to the various technological, financial, social, environmental, institutional, and operational elements of sustainable solar pumping designs are limited. This workshop provides participants with an opportunity to explore various aspects of holistic design of solar pumping systems through guided group discussion.

Multiple Use Water Services - Potential and Challenges for Rural Dwellers (English/Francais/Espanol). E-Discussion on Multiple use water services, 28th of April – 24th of May 2014.

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Author: MUS Group/RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Multiple Use Water Services - Potential and Challenges for Rural Dwellers.
E-Discussion on Multiple use water services, 28th of April – 24th of May 2014.

Service d’eau à usage multiple - Potentiel et défis pour les habitants en milieu rural.
Discussion en ligne sur les services d’eau à usage multiple, le 28 Avril – 24 Mai 2014.

Servicios de uso múltiple del agua - El potencial y los desafíos para su adopción en áreas rurales
Discusión electrónica sobre los servicios de uso múltiple del agua, del 28 de abril al 24 de mayo de 2014

https://dgroups.org/RWSN/selfsupply/mus/join

Guidebook for the implementation of decentralised water supply systems in Moldova ApaSan, Swiss Water and Sanitation Project in Moldova

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Author: Compilation: K. Klingel and S. Diener
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Skat Consulting Ltd
Institution: ApaSan, SDC, ADC

What is the guidebook about?
In 10 years of successful cooperation between Switzerland and Moldova, rural communities in Moldova have been supported with the construction of decentralised water supply systems. These new water supply systems use springs located close to the villages and distribute the water through a pipe network to the households of the community. The systems are managed by community based organisations, the Water
Consumer Associations (WCA). Such decentralised and community managed water supply systems have proven to be very successful in providing sustainable water supply for rural communities. This approach therefore merits wider application throughout rural Moldova. The aim of the guidebook is to make this experience available, with the hope that it is used to implement more systems that provide better and lasting water supply services for the rural population in Moldova.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

“What is the current wisdom on the best way to manage cash reserves and to manage the risk of big CapManEx costs in the future?” RWSN Discussion Synthesis

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Author: FUREY S. G.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Skat

This document is a synthesis of an online discussion that took place in June 2014 on Dgroups (Management & Support Community) and on the "WSP-RWSN Webinar Discussions" LinkedIn group in response to the following question:

“In Tajikistan a multi-village piped water scheme is successfully collecting user fees from households. This has created a new problem: a sizable reserve. This would seem to be in line with the object of the tariff, however for covering the costs of a big item that may need replacing in the next 20 years or so this raises a challenge: there is increasing pressure to use those reserves in a more productive way (and some less productive ways) sooner. There is also the risk that inflation will mean that a good amount of money today will not be worth the same in 10-20 years when it is needed for a big capital expenditure. From WASHcost and other work, what is the current wisdom on the best way to manage reserves and to manage the risk of big CapManEx costs in the future?”

Optimizing Intensified Runoff from Roads for Supplemental Irrigation: Tigray Region, Ethiopia UNESCO-IHE MSc Thesis

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Author: Teweldebrihan M. D.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: UNESCO-IHE
Institution:

From the UPGro Catalyst Project "Optimising Road Development for Groundwater Recharge and Retention"

This research has demonstrated that the road in the study area is having significant negative impact to the agricultural livelihoods, but that also it has a huge potential to be a key contributor to the enhancement of the livelihoods. The three major recommendations are :( 1) for the betterment of the impacts, it is suggested that Roads for water harvesting and multiple uses be mainstreamed in educational systems (2) There should be integration between relevant institutions and authorities (ERA, MoA as well as regional and zonal line offices) in making future road development plans. And (3) Awareness generation should be done to encourage farmers utilize the runoff from roads for productive purposes. Moreover, technical assistance and training's needs to be delivered at grass-root level.

Water for Wajir Decision modeling for the Habaswein-Wajir Water Supply Project in Northern Kenya

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Author: Luedeling, E. and J. De Leeuw
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: World Agroforestry Centre
Institution:

Project Report from the ARIGA UPGro Catalyst Study

The city of Wajir in Northern Kenya, the capital of the county of the same name, has experienced rapid population growth in recent decades. The city has so far never had a reliable supply of clean drinking water or a sanitation system. To improve the situation, plans are currently considered to construct a water pipeline from Habaswein, another locale in Wajir County that is about 110 km away.

Regarding project design, two issues emerged as important. Poor project design was identified as one of the major risks to project success. Furthermore, activities to build consensus around the intervention and ensure that all stakeholders approve of the intervention is critical. Payments for Environmental Services were included in the model, but other benefit-sharing mechanisms, as well as awareness-raising measures, should also be explored.

6th RWSN Forum - Event Report Rural Water Supply in the 21st Century: Myths of the Past, Visions for the Future

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Author: FUREY S. G. & DANERT K.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Full details of the event available at http://rwsnforum.wordpress.com

The 2011 6th Rural Water Supply Network Forum in Kampala set out a vision for the future. It provided the opportunity for 480 participants from 54 countries to share their experiences and chart key next steps along the path for rural water supplies. This includes actions determined at the Forum and the Kampala Rural Water Supply Commitments with ten statements. These summarise a commitment to accelerating progress in inclusive and sustainable rural water supplies wherever those services are absent or under-performing.
As well as being opened and closed by Hon. Maria Mutagamba, Minister of Water and Environment, we were kindly joined by a sizeable delegation from the Government of South Sudan and the Hon. Ato Kebede Gerba, Minister for Water and Energy for Ethiopia.

Mythes du secteur de l’alimentation en eau en milieu rural RWSN Perspective No 4

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Author: COMITÉ DE PILOTAGE EXÉCUTIF
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Veiller à ce que les populations habitant en milieu rural à travers le monde n’aient pas à marcher pendant des heures pour collecter une eau potable en quantité suffisante constitue un défi majeur. Ce bref article soulève les problèmes qui se posent à ceux d’entre nous qui s’emploient à améliorer l’alimentation en eau en milieu rural, qu’il s’agisse de bailleurs de fonds, de gouvernements ou d’ONG, de gestionnaires de programmes ou de praticiens. Il examine de près nos résultats limités, identifie les domaines où nos approches méritent d’être améliorées fondamentalement et propose des solutions à certains défis.

National Monitoring of Rural Water Supplies How the Government of Uganda did it and lessons for other countries

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Author: SSOZI, D. and DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Imagine a transparent process that brings together all the work that is taking place in the country. Imagine a mechanism that can show promising approaches and identify gaps. Imagine a report that consolidates the status, investment, progress and challenges on rural water supplies for an entire country. This is what the Government of Uganda has achieved over a ten-year period.

Having been involved in Water and Environment sector performance measurement from its inception in 2003 up to today, the authors of this publication describe the lessons learned and challenges, setting out five principles and ten golden rules for others who want to establish such a process.

Water Safety Planning for Small Communities Step-by-step risk management guidance for drinking-water supplies in small communities

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Author: WHO
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: World Health Organisation
Institution:

The WSP approach is designed to help a community manage health risks that could threaten its water supply. By following the WSP approach, community members identify and prioritize health risks and, where necessary, take steps, over time,to improve the safety of the water supply using available resources. WSPs are applicable for a range of scales and levels, and in different contexts. A WSP can be developed for all existing schemes, from point sources to piped systems, as well as for new supplies. In new schemes, it should be straightforward for the supporting agency to incorporate the WSP approach into initial community mobilization and project implementation.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Finding Information on Rural Water Supplies RWSN-IFAD Rural Water Supply Series: Volume 4

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Author: FLOWERS, C. & DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Rural Water Supply Network

This publication helps you to navigate the information out there on rural water supplies. It is for stakeholders who are new to rural water supplies, as well as others who are already knowledgeable of the topic, but would like a comprehensive overview of current information sources.
It pulls together the main sources of information regarding rural water supplies coverage (and lack of coverage), implementation agencies and finance that exist in 2012. We also provide you with a starting point to find out more about water resources for rural water supplies.

Guidelines and Tools for Rural Water Supplies RWSN IFAD Rural Water Supply Series: Volume 3

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Author: SMITH, J. & FUREY, S.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Rural Water Supply Network

This document is a directory of 42 sets of guidelines, manuals and toolkits about the delivery of rural water supply services. Each resource has been categorised by whether its primary audience is international, national, organisation or other. Icons and summary table are used to help you find guidelines relevant to your task. Links and references are provided to help you find the original documents quickly and easily.

Management & Support Working Group Workshop 2-3 Oct 2012 Presentations and write-ups from workshop section in The Hague

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: RWSN/IRC/Aguaconsult

The first thematic meeting of the RWSN Management and Support Working Group took place on 2-3 October 2012. Focus of this meeting was on piped water supply schemes in rural areas and small towns. It considered the different management and support mechanisms required to manage these schemes and ensure that they provide sustainable services.
This 1.5-day thematic meeting took place in The Hague, the Netherlands, hosted by IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. It was followed by a half day kick-off and management meeting of the Working Group on Management and Support of Rural Water Supplies on 3 October 2012.

Capacity Development Needs Assessment July - Oct 2012 (Short Version) Liberia Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

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Author: NWSHPC
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Government of the Republic of Liberia
Institution:

From July to October 2012, a WASH sector capacity needs assessment was undertaken under the auspices of the Capacity Development Task Force (CD-TF) of the National Water Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Committee (NWSHPC). A wide range of sector and other Government of Liberia (GoL), Civil Society (CSO), private sector, media, educational establishment and development partners have been involved in the assessment process.

Supplied to RWSN for distribution.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Capacity Development Plan 2012 - 2017 Liberia Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector

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Author: NWSHPC
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Government of the Republic of Liberia
Institution:

During July to October 2012, a WASH sector capacity development needs assessment was undertaken under the auspices of the Capacity Development Task Force (CD-TF) of the National Water Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Committee (NWSHPC). The recommendations from the assessment process were developed into a draft Capacity Development Plan (CD plan), which was then refined following review, discussion and feedback from the CD-TF members.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Guidelines to Planning Sustainable Water Projects and Selecting Appropriate Technologies Water & Sanitation Rotarian Action Group

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Author: WASRAG
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Rotary International
Institution:

The Wasrag Technical Guideline—Guidelines for Planning Sustainable Water Projects and Selecting Appropriate Technologies (and its companion guidelines, Guidelines for Planning Sustainable Sanitation Projects and Selecting Appropriate Technologies, and Guidelines for Selection Sustainable Health and Hygiene Programs) is the first step in this new e-learning program. This document reviews how to— evaluate sources of water supply evaluate water quality evaluate and select appropriate treatment technologies plan and construct a project monitor performance of the constructed project
The document is designed for Rotarians with basic levels of understanding of water issues, yet it will lead the reader to advanced levels of system design and operation.



DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

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