RWSN Resources

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Rural Water Supply Network - Annual Report 2016 Enabling practitioners, professionals and ultimately water users to make informed decisions on how to improve and maintain access to safe water in rural areas.

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2017
Publisher: Skat Foundtion
Institution: Rural Water Supply Network

The focus for the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) in 2016 was preparing for, and managing the 7th RWSN Forum in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, from 29th November to 2nd December with the title “Water for Everyone”. This was the first RWSN Forum to take place in a francophone country in the 25 years since the creation of the network.

Throughout 2016 specific in-country activities included a short-course on Procurement, Contract Management and Costing and Pricing in Zambia and a participative analysis of Manual Drilling in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Workshops organized by the World Bank in Bangkok and Lima on sustainable services drew together government agencies in both regions. Key lessons from both events fed into the RWSN Forum under the RWSN Theme “Sustainable Services”.

RWSN continued to work on strengthening the links between research and practice on groundwater by disseminating the outputs from UPGro (Unlocking the Potential of Groundwater for the Poor) research to the RWSN membership as well as fostering direct linkages between groundwater experts and water supply professionals.

Local Government and Rural Water Services that last: a way forward Rural Water Supply Reality Check

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2017
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution:

This paper is a synthesis of the major themes discussed during the local government e-discussion held during May 2015, which included 75 contributions from 58 people presenting experiences in English, French and Spanish and cases from 43 different countries from across the globe. Each week focused on a specific theme. Dedicated week facilitators introduced the theme in the beginning of the week, led the discussion during the week and summarised the main discussion points at the end of the week. The paper highlights the discussed role local government can and does play in ensuring sustainable water service provision, the challenges that local government is facing in fulfilling these roles and responsibilities, and the opportunities for overcoming these challenges.

Proceedings of the 7th RWSN Forum 29 Nov - 2 Dec 2016, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire

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Author: FUREY, S. G. (editor)
Year of Publishing: 2017
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution: RWSN

The 2016 Rural Water Supply Network Forum in Abidjan was the first global gathering to consider the practical challenge of how everyone worldwide can get access to safe, affordable water by 2030. It was also the first RWSN Forum to take place in a francophone country, in the 25 years since the creation of the network.
The Forum gathered 467 rural water sector practitioners from over 300 organisations from 64 countries in Africa, Asia, Americas, and Europe, in a bilingual (English/French) four day event. It was opened by the Prime Minister of Côte d’Ivoire, Mr Daniel Kaplan Duncan. We were joined by HE State Minster James Dengchol Tot, Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity of Ethiopia, as well as a delegation from AMCOW.

This Forum proceedings compiles all peer-reviewed materials. Separate downloads and links to the films can be found at: https://rwsn7.net/content/

Community management of water points: more problem than solution? RWSN Dgroups discussion synthesis

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Author: Naughton, M.
Year of Publishing: 2017
Publisher: Skat
Institution: RWSN

This note summarizes some of the broad points of a June 2017 RWSN blog written by Dr Ellie Chowns on communitybased management (CBM) and the ensuing discussion on the RWSN Sustainable Services DGroup, to which many RWSN members contributed .

CBM is the prevalent management model for rural water supply. So what are the issues?
• Lack of accountability: Community management enables government officials and donors alike to abdicate responsibility for ensuring long-term sustainable water services.
• Inefficiency and lack of sustainability: Preventive maintenance is almost never done, repairs are often slow and sub-standard, and committees are unable to collect and save funds.
• Disempowerment: CBM reinforces existing community power relations, thereby breeding conflict rather than strengthening social capital.
• Lack of scalability and dependence on external support: The CBM model has never reliably worked at any scale but is continued due to a lack of viable, or proven alternative. One can always find 'successful' case studies of where it has worked fantastically well – but these tend to be isolated systems, reliant on constant

Rural Water Supply Network: Governance, Roles and Responsibilities January 2016 to December 2018

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Author: Rural Water Supply Network
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RWSN

Founded as the Handpump Technology Network (HTN) in 1992, by 2015, RWSN has grown from a small group of technical experts focusing on handpumps to a vibrant network of over 8,000 individuals working for over 1,300 organisations 148 countries. RWSN now covers a wide range of issues. This document sets out RWSN’s governance, roles and responsibilities, and was approved by the RWSN Executive Steering Committee in December 2015. This document covers the period January 2016 to December 2018. However, given the evolving nature of the network, earlier modifications, to be approved by the Executive Steering Committee, may be required.

Wider Asia and Pacific Regional Learning Event on Service Delivery Approach to Rural Water Supply Presentations

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

The RWSN Asia-Pacific Learning event was held in Bangkok, hosted by The World Bank, SNV and WaterAid Australia. 57 delegates from 14 governments attended to share knowledge and expertise on rural water services.

What’s Working, Where, and for How Long A 2016 Water Point Update to the RWSN (2009) statistics

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Author: Banks, B. & S. G. Furey
Year of Publishing: 2016
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: GWC/Skat

• An average of 78% of water points are functional across the 11 countries analyzed.

• The high failure rates early after installation are troubling: almost 15% after one year and 25% of water points are non-functional by their fourth year after installation. This indicates widespread problems with poor quality water point installation, due to a range of problems that may include professionalism and skills around contracts, construction and supervision; borehole siting; lack of quality control of hardware; or lack of post-construction monitoring and problem resolution.

• Handpumps are often singled out as technology that fails, but analysis of other water point types show similar functionality levels, and that tens of thousands of handpumps are providing a service

This poster was peer-reviewed and presented at the 7th RWSN Forum in Abidjan, Cote'Ivoire 2016.

It replaces "Handpump Data 2009 Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa" (2009)

UPGro Catalyst projects A synthesis and individual project activities and results

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Author: UPGro
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution:

This report summarises the contribution to groundwater knowledge of the 15 catalyst projects funded through the UPGro programme between 2013 and 2014, plus the The Africa Groundwater Atlas and Literature Archive.
The projects worked in 12 individual countries (see next page - some countries had more than one project), and three had an Africa-wide focus or component.
At the time of writing two of the 15 projects are still running (Velasquez-Orta and Colombo). The Groundwater Atlas project will also continue as a major archive of African groundwater information.

Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) 2012 to 2014 Three-Year Report

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Author: Furey, S. & Danert, K.
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RWSN

Founded as the Handpump Technology Network (HTN) in 1992, RWSN has grown from a small group of technical experts focusing on handpumps. Today, RWSN is a vibrant network of 6,000 individuals from over 1,300 organisations in more than 140 countries. The network is governed and managed by representatives from the African Development Bank (AfDB), IRC, Skat Foundation, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), WaterAid and the World Bank. RWSN recognises the rights and the natural justice of all citizens to enjoy secure water services, regardless of location, lifestyle, gender, age, disability, ethnicity or income. Most of RWSN’s members are actively involved in improving rural water supplies, and every member can contribute to the network in one way or another.

Water Source Protection Exploring ways to incentivise citizens and organisations to manage shared water resources in a fair, equitable way.

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Author: FUREY S. G.
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution: RWSN

What is a Water Source Protection Plan?
A Water Source Protection Plan can be an extension of Water Safety Planning. The plan is an agreed statement between stakeholders that establishes objectives, actions, responsibilities and funding. However, it should go beyond the needs of the water infrastructure and actively look for win-win opportunities:

Key Messages
Important to sensitise land and water users in catchments to the impacts of their actions on others; aligning their self-interests with the wider collective interest is vital for avoiding conflict and protecting the rights of poorest, and the quality of the natural environment.

Bottom-up planning is essential where conventional permitting, monitoring and enforcement is ineffective or under-resourced.

More evidence is needed to show how effective locally-focused water source protection and resource management are when scaled up beyond resource-intensive pilot projects.

Short Summary on RWSN & World Vision Webinar series on Self-supply February & March 2015

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Author: OLSCHEWSKI, A.
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution: RWSN

This short summary highlights some of the issues that emerged from the presentations and discussions.

Self-supply News - Ethiopia

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Author: SSWG
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: WAS-RoPSS Project
Institution:

Self Supply News is a bi-monthly newsletter issued by Self Supply Working Group (SSWG) of Ethiopia, which is a forum of government institutions and development partners. JICA WAS-RoPSS Project is currently taking lead to compile this newsletter.

{Editor's note: if you have copies of earlier editions, which we can archive here then please contact us}

RWSN Member Survey 2015 Infographic Summary and Synthesis Report

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Author: FUREY S. G.
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Skat

In an on-going effort to improve the quality of the service provided by the Rural Water Supply Network and the Secretariat, an online survey was launched in July and kept open for four weeks. The survey was publicised through Dgroups, LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook and via RWSN steering committee member organisations. over 600 complete and partial responses were logged by the SurveyMonkey software, which is roughly 10% of membership (though non-members also responded), however the actual number completing all the questions in the survey was 329 - similar to 2014

This document summarises the responses and aggregates the answers from the three languages offered: English, French and Spanish.

The Secretariat would like to thank everyone who took the time to participate in this survey.

RWSN Strategy 2015 - 2017

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher:
Institution:

This Strategy sets the direction of the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) for the next three years. It explains what we are trying to achieve, how, why and who. The four themes from the previous strategy will continue, with some changes of focus, and "Mapping & Monitoring" becomes a cross-cutting topic.

This is not the definitive final version so may be subject to change over the next few weeks or months.

Rainwater Harvesting: harnessing the storm Briefing Note on the RAIN-RWSN webinar series 2014

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Author: FUREY S. G.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RAIN

This 4 page briefing note summarises the key message from the RAIN-RWSN webinars of 2014, which included examples from Honduras, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Mali, Uganda, Somalia, Madagascar and Nepal.

Domestic Rainwater Harvesting: Vietnam Field Study Report 2009

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Author: Alexandra Snelgrove, Kimberley Patrick
Year of Publishing: 2009
Publisher: EnterpriseWorks/VITA
Institution: EnterpriseWorks/VITA

This reports summarizes the findings of a field study undertaken in Vietnam in 2009. An in-depth investigation of the sub-sector of domestic rainwater harvesting (DRWH) was undertaken. Enbaling conditions for the relatively high level of practie of DRWH in some regions of Vietnam were examined alonside potential threats for the further expansion of this practice, with a particular focus on the intention to introduce an alternative product to the standard mortar jars ("Thai Jars"). Recommendations are made on how to introduce and market the alternative product, developed by EnterpriseWorks/Vita as a flexible membrane container.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

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