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The Technology Applicability Framework. A Participatory Tool to Validate Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Technologies for Low-Income Urban Areas in S. Hostettler et al. (eds.), Technologies for Development,

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Author: Olschewski, A. and V. Casey
Year of Publishing: 2015
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Institution:

Decision-makers as well as practitioners in the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) sector are facing serious challenges to keep existing WASH infrastructure in operation or to ensure provision of lasting and adequate WASH services. In many countries there are no tested procedures for assessing sustainability and scalability of new or existing technologies for providing adequate and lasting WASH services in a specific context.

The TAF was field tested on 13 WASH technologies in three countries: Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Uganda. This paper presents the findings from the testing of the TAF and highlights potentials and limits of its applicability
for assessing the sustainable application and scalability of WASH technologies.
Relevant documents on the methodology, the testing as well as case studies and manuals are accessible in the public domain through www.washtechnologies.net.

WASH Self-Supply in Sierra Leone Perspectives and Options

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Author: Gelhard, M.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Welthungerhilfe
Institution: Welthungerhilfe/WaterAid

The paper summarizes the findings of an independent evaluation of two DFID-funded projects implemented by Welthungerhilfe and WaterAid to specifically test a market based approach to self-supply in Sierra Leone. The findings presented indicate a good potential for self-supply to complement communal water services where formal service providers attribute lower priority to target smaller remote and inaccessible communities (population of 150 persons and below).

Includes a Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) assessment of the EMAS flexi-pump.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

TAF (Step 0): Manual Read me first!

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Author: OLSCHEWSKI, A.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution:

The Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) is a decision support tool on the applicability, scalability and sustainability of a specific WASH technology to provide lasting services in a specific context and on the readiness for its introduction. The TAF can be used to
> start discussion, documentation and sharing experiences about a WASH technology and approaches to scale up this technology
> assess the potential of a specific technology with respect to applicability, scalability, sustainability and uptake in a specific context,
> assess readiness of a sector to scale up this technology including identification of potential measures for improving uptake,
> monitor performance of technology and its introduction process.

TAF: Processes for strengthening the sustainability and scalability of WASH services Development of the Technology Applicability Framework and Guidance for Technology Introduction - Research Report

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Author: OLSCHEWSKI, A. and CASEY, V.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution: Skat Foundation and WaterAid UK

This report outlines the research process that was followed to develop two tools that are useful for the WASH sector: The Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) and the Technology Introduction Process (TIP).

WASHTech Burkina embedding and learning alliances progress to date and challenges to address WASHTech report: Burkina Faso

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Author: WSA
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution: Water and Sanitation for Africa

This report describes the learning alliances and their development in the WASHTech project in Burkina Faso. It provides answers to questions regarding five key elements of alliance development: essence, arborescence, presence, resilience and evidence. The information presented in this report was gathered through interviews and Focus group discussion where: Direction des Etudes et de l’Information sur l’Eau (DEIE), DGRE, DGAEUE WaterAid and WSA were represented during the TIP workshop in April, 26th 2013.

TIP Matrix for cost Model “CapEx subsidized”

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Author: OLSCHEWSKI, A.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution:

The following tables include an example list of tasks for the Cost Model “CapEx subsidized”.

For this example the set up was chosen as follows:
A sanitation technology is produced and delivered by local artisans and provider to user, e.g. a latrine. The process of introduction is facilitated by local NGOs. The investment costs, the CapEx are subsidized by the government, however the households, the users, have to cover the cost for minor and ma-jor repairs (OpEx and CapManEx respectively).

The example list of tasks is provided to show how a division of tasks could be organized following a CapEx subsidized approach. However for each spe-cific case the division of tasks needs to be verified and customized to the specific context.

TIP Matrix for cost Model “No subsidies”

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Author: OLSCHEWSKI, A.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution:

The following tables include an example list of tasks for the Cost Model “No Subsidies”. This cost model is also known as “market based approach” and used e.g. for Self Supply.

For this example the set up was chosen as follows:
A water supply technology, e.g. a household water filter is supplied to users by the privet sector. The users cover all investment costs (CapEx) and also the costs for minor and major repairs (OpEx and CapManEx respectively). Some “software” support is provided from an investor, government and NGO for promotion and social marketing.

The example list of tasks is provided to show how a division of tasks could be organized following a market based approach. However for each specific case the division of tasks needs to be verified and customized to the specific context.

TIP (STEP 3) Framework for Technology Introduction Process – The TIP Guide TIP Guidelines

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Author: OLSCHEWSKI, A.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution: Skat Foundation and WaterAid UK

This report outlines the research process that was followed to develop two tools that are useful for the WASH sector: the Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) and the Technology Introduction Process (TIP). The TAF is applied to validate different technology options considered for a given context, and to thus assess possible blockages to their sustainability and scalability. The TAF, therefore, assists the local sector stakeholders to find solutions to overcome the stumbling blocks hindering provision of lasting services. The TIP is a guidance document to be used to steer the multi-stakeholder-coordinated initiation of a specific WASH technology towards a local WASH service that lasts.

Processes for strengthening the sustainability and scalability of WASH services Development of the Technology Applicability Framework and Guidance for Technology Introduction – Research Report

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Author: OLSCHEWSKI, A. and CASEY, V.
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution: Skat Foundation and WaterAid UK

This report outlines the research process that was followed to develop two tools that are useful for the WASH sector: The Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) and the Technology Introduction Process (TIP). The TAF is applied to validate different technology options considered for a given context, and to thus assess possible blockages to their sustainability and scalability. The TAF, therefore, assists the local sector stakeholders to find solutions to overcome the stumbling blocks hindering provision of lasting services. The TIP is a guidance document to be used to steer the multi-stakeholder coordinated initiation of a specific WASH technology towards a local WASH service that lasts.

Guide d’introduction des technologies d’eau et d’assainissement au Burkina Faso TIP Guidelines

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Author: EEA/WSA
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution:

Situé au coeur de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, le Burkina Faso (anciennement appelé Haute Volta) couvre une superficie de 274000 km2. Ce pays sans débouché maritime est limité au sud par la Cote d’Ivoire, le Ghana, le Togo et le Bénin au Nord et à l’Ouest par le Mali et à l’Est par Niger. Avec une population de 15.746.232 habitants en 2009 d’après les statistiques de l’INSD (Institut Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie) et un taux de croissance de la population de 8% en 2012.
Selon le rapport 2012 du PN AEPA, le taux d’accès à l’eau était de 63% en milieu rural et 84% en milieu urbain en 2012. Le taux d’accès à l’assainissement était de 27% en milieu urbain. Le secteur de l’eau et de l’assainissement dispose de plusieurs types de technologies. Ces technologies sont difficilement adoptées dans les stratégies nationales des pays Africains. Beaucoup d’entre elles ne sont pas prises en compte par les entreprises privées. La contrainte majeure pour toucher tous les acteurs du secteur semble être le manque de système pour évaluer le potentiel des technologies qui existent et le manque d’habileté pour prendre en compte de nouvelles technologies pour les mettre à l’échelle. WASHTech veut résoudre ce problème à travers la recherche sur un processus innovant pour évaluer le potentiel et la durabilité de plusieurs nouvelles technologies et concevoir des stratégies réussies pour leur mise à l’échelle. Dans ce cadre deux outils innovants à savoir le Technology Assessment Framework (TAF) et le Technology Introduction Process (TIP) ont été développés.
Ce document présente la démarche méthodologique pour l’introduction des technologies dans le domaine de l’eau et de l’assainissement dans le contexte du Burkina Faso.

Processus de Renforcement de la Durabilité et la Mise à l’Echelle des Services d’AEPHA Élaboration du Cadre de Référence des Conditions d'Application des Technologie et du Guide de Mise des Technologies sur le Marché Rapport de recherche

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Author: Olschewski, A. et Casey, V
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution: Skat Foundation et WaterAid

L'évaluation des technologies d'eau et d'assainissement pour garantir leur durabilité

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Author: Eau et Assainissement pour l’Afrique (EAA)
Year of Publishing: 2013
Publisher: WASHTech Project
Institution:

L’équipe de recherche est pilotée au Burkina par EAA et WaterAid avec l’implication de nombreux acteurs et institutions du secteur. À terme, l’outil TAF doit devenir une propriété du secteur sans cesse perfectible par ses acteurs afin d’intégrer les systèmes de suivi évaluation des technologies d’eau et assainissement au Burkina.

Synthesis Report of the Country Technology Reviews WASHTech - Deliverable 2.2

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Author: TRAWICK, P. & A. PARKER
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: WASHTech
Institution: EU FP7

This report synthesizes the information contained in the Country Technology Reviews provided by the WASHTech partners in Ghana, Uganda and Burkina Faso. The objective is to glean out, through a systematic and comparative analysis, the lessons that can be learned from the different outcomes that various WASH technologies have ultimately led to in each country, after earlier efforts to introduce them, encourage their adoption, and ultimately take them to scale.

Africa wide water, sanitation and hygiene technology review WASHTech - Deliverable 2.1

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Author: PARKER, A.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: WASHTech
Institution: EU FP7

The aim of the review is to understand how technologies have been developed, how they were introduced, whether they have gone to scale and to start to explore the reasons why they were successful or not. The review is focused on technologies used in Africa in the water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector for long-term development (although some technologies are also used and have even been developed for emergency relief purposes).

Synthesis report on stakeholder baseline studies on technology selection process and the stakeholders’ attitudes WASHTech - Deliverable 7.1

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Author: PARKER, A.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: WASHTech
Institution: EU FP7

This report is the conclusion of WASHTechWork Package 7.1. The work package has two aims:
1. To understand the current situation for technology approval in Uganda, Ghana and Burkina Faso, including the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of various sector stakeholders.
2. To assess the need for the Technology Assessment Framework (TAF) that is being developed inWork Package 3.
This report describes the baseline of the technology approval process in Uganda, Ghana and Burkina Faso. The WASHTech consortium, through the development of the TAF and the Learning Alliances, is trying to improve the situation for innovative technology approval in these three countries. By asking stakeholders at this stage whether they perceive a need for the TAF, whether they would use it and exactly what role it should fulfil, the TAF can be developed to suit their needs. At the end of the project (2013) another survey will be done to see what WASHTech has been able to achieve, measured against expectations and present KAP.

Learning Alliances in WASHTech WASHTech - Deliverable 6.1 / D4

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Author: IRC, CREPA, TREND and NETWAS (U)
Year of Publishing: 2011
Publisher: WASHTech
Institution: EU FP7

This document describes the theoretical underpinnings of the learning alliance approach and provides a framework for assessing the actual progress and challenges in implementing this approach in WASHTech. It is intended as a working document that will be periodically updated. A checklist for reviewing progress and gathering evidence is provided at the end of the document.

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