RWSN Resources

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The Zimbabwe Bucket Pump An update

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Author: MORGAN, P.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher:
Institution: Aquamor

The “Bucket Pump” is a water lifting device which uses a tubular bucket to raise water from a tubular well – known as a tube well. These wells, usually drilled with a hand auger. They work best in shallow aquifers, where the soil is soft and easy to penetrate. Where conditions are suitable a well can be hand drilled in a few hours, cased with a PVC pipe, which is surrounded by a gravel pack. The pipe ascends through a concrete head-works consisting of an apron and water run-off. The pipe is closed off at the top lid. The tubular buckets were fitted with a non-return valve at the base. At first the tube-buckets were raised on a rope directly by hand. Later models used a windlass system to raise the bucket. Initially these windlass adapted bucket pumps were hand made using treated gum poles as windlass supports. Later the concept was commercialised, which shadowed the earlier work and made the device more expensive.

Fiscalização de Furos de Água Um guião para Fiscais

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Author: ADEKILE, D.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: RWSN/UNICEF

Boa fiscalização da execução de furos de água é essencial para a provisão de furos de água de longa duração. Estes apontamentos (guia) servem para ajudar aos geólogos e engenheiros encarrega-dos da fiscalização da construção de furos, bem como aos gestores de projectos. Estes podem ser usados para preparar-se uma for-mação, e também como um manual.

Procurement & Gestão de Contratos de Construção de Furos de Água Um Guião para Fiscais e Gestores de Projectos

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Author: ADEKILE, D
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RWSN

A alta taxa de furos de água inoperacionais em muitas partes do mun-do é atribuído, em parte, à falta de profissionalismo no sector de perfu-ração. A fim de aumentar o acesso a um abastecimento de água segu-ro e sustentável, empreiteiras de perfuração competentes e experientes devem ser contratados. Da mesma forma, o equipamento adequado é necessária e consultores experientes são necessários para supervisionar a construção.

Short Course: Drilling Supervision Cost-Effective Boreholes

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Author: ADEKILE, D & DANERT, K
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution: Skat Foundation

A five-day course for engineers and WASH professionals in Sierra Leone.
The objectives of the course are to:
- understand:
- the importance of effective drilling supervision
- the nature of groundwater occurrence
- the steps and actions required in full time supervision
- the steps and actions required in part time or milestone supervision

- be able to quality assure and certify drilling records
- be able to undertake borehole construction supervision!

Multiple Use Water Services - Potential and Challenges for Rural Dwellers (English/Francais/Espanol). E-Discussion on Multiple use water services, 28th of April – 24th of May 2014.

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Author: MUS Group/RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Multiple Use Water Services - Potential and Challenges for Rural Dwellers.
E-Discussion on Multiple use water services, 28th of April – 24th of May 2014.

Service d’eau à usage multiple - Potentiel et défis pour les habitants en milieu rural.
Discussion en ligne sur les services d’eau à usage multiple, le 28 Avril – 24 Mai 2014.

Servicios de uso múltiple del agua - El potencial y los desafíos para su adopción en áreas rurales
Discusión electrónica sobre los servicios de uso múltiple del agua, del 28 de abril al 24 de mayo de 2014

https://dgroups.org/RWSN/selfsupply/mus/join

Making rights a reality / Des droits à la réalité / Hacer los derechos realidad Summary of RWSN e-discussion on rights to water and sanitation / Résumé des discussions en ligne de RWSN sur les droits à l’eau et l’assainissement / Resumen del debate electrónico RWSN sobre los derechos al agua y al saneamiento

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Author: de Albuquerque, C.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RWSN

The RWSN equity and inclusion theme hosted an e-discussion to feed in to the Special Rapporteur’s handbook for realising the rights to water and sanitation. The discussion took place through the equity d-group from 28th October to 15th November 2013, and focussed on three areas: non-discrimination, sustainability and the specific roles and responsibilities.

Le groupe “Equité & Inclusion” du RWSN a organisé une discussion en ligne pour nourrir le manuel du Rapporteur Spécial pour la réalisation des droits à l’eau et à l’assainissement. La discussion a été menée via le d-group Equité du 28 Octobre au 15 Novembre 2013 et s’est focalisée sur les points suivants: non-discrimination, durabilité et les rôles et les responsabilités spécifiques.

El tema de la equidad y la inclusión RWSN organizó un debate electrónico para alimentar el manual del Relator Especial para la realización de los derechos al agua y al saneamiento. Las discusiones se llevaron a cabo a través del grupo-d entre el 28 de octubre y el 15 de noviembre, 2013, y se centraron en tres áreas: la no discriminación, sostenibilidad y las funciones y responsabilidades específicas.

Tapping Treasure: Cost-Effective Boreholes in Sierra Leone - Project Report 4 March 2014

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Author: DANERT, K and ADELILE, D
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution: Skat Foundation

The eight-month cost-effective boreholes project funded by the Department of International Development through the WASH Facility of Sierra Leone ended in February 2014. The project completed on a high note, with a short course on drilling supervision which was attended by 21 stakeholders from Government and NGOs. The practical, hands on nature of the course was particularly appreciated by those who participated. For many who attended, it was their first time to actually witness borehole drilling in practice. Some participants had already been in the role of drilling supervisor before, but most of them had not been sure of how to undertake this job in a professional manner. The exposure was important not only for those who may actually undertake borehole drilling supervision in the future, but also for the senior staff who will be responsible for managing projects and supporting drilling supervisors in the future.

RWSN Annual Report 2013 Enabling practitioners, professionals and ultimately water users to make informed decisions on how to improve and maintain access to safe water in rural areas.

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Author: DANERT, K., FUREY, S. G., ADANK, M., GOSLING, L., OLSCHEWSKI, A. and J. PEARCE
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

The Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) is a global network of professionals and practitioners. It works to raise standards of knowledge as well as technical and professional competence in rural water supplies and thus fulfil the vision of sustainable rural water services for all.

The year 2013 witnessed the dramatic growth in the number of members from 2,567 to over 5,125. Members are from 124 different countries. The network now also provides the opportunity for organisation membership, a mechanism that should strengthen RWSN and improve its vibrancy over the coming years.

Confidence in online exchange and sharing has grown, evidenced by extensive participation in e-discussions, whether formally structured, or as individuals respond to each other’s queries and comments. The sustainable Groundwater Development, Handpump Services and Mapping communities have been notably vibrant in 2013.

Technical Guidelines for Construction and Maintenance of Hand Dug Wells Sierra Leone

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Author: Ministry of Water Resources
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Ministry of Water Resources, Republic of Sierra Leone
Institution: Ministry of Water Resources

This document represents the official guidelines of the Government of Sierra Leone on the issue of the construction and maintenance of hand dug wells.

This publication is intended for water sector practitioners and managers who coordinate and oversee water supply service delivery. It is the outcome of a partnership between the Ministry of Water Resources, Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), and a number of implementing agencies working in the WASH sector in Sierra Leone.

If this publication can contribute to permanent and lasting water points in Sierra Leone, and better standards of construction, then it will have achieved its purpose.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

WASH Sector Performance Report 2013 - Liberia Water, Sanitation & Hygiene (WASH) Liberia

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Author: Government of the Republic of Liberia
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Government of the Republic of Liberia
Institution: Government of the Republic of Liberia

The Liberia Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Sector have accomplished a major achievement in releasing this first Sector Performance Report (SPR) covering the period 2013 to 2014. The outcome of this report is a clear demonstration of unity in the face of fragmentation. The responsibility of solving problems associated with water resource management, water quality, waste water and WASH are many agency-focused and cross-cutting as well as technical and political.

Hand drilling a shallow tube-well and fitting a simple “Bailer-bucket” in Zimbabwe

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Author: MORGAN, P.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Aquamor Zimbabwe
Institution: Aquamor Zimbabwe

The construction of the lighter duty, simple hand operated drilling rig has been described in another manual and was designed for drilling shallow tube wells in softer soil formations, which occur in some areas of Zimbabwe. Currently the drilling stems extend to a maximum of 12m. Staff members of the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare are familiar with local shallow ground water conditions in Zimbabwe. A depth of 12m is suitable for the use of this simple rig in combination with simple water raising devices like the Bailer-bucket, Bucket Pump and Blair Pump.

Sub-Consultation on Water Governance: People, Power and Politics

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Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher:
Institution:

What kind of world do you want, for yourself, for your children and your grandchildren; and for others? As I speak, a high-level panel is preparing a report which will set out a "bold yet practical vision", for Sustainable Development. It will feed into the next UN General Assembly meeting in September 2013. is presentation (and paper) is part a consultation process on Water.
These consultations, try to be “bottom up” and to consider the thinking and ideas from civil society, government, UN, the private sector, academia and citizens. In other words YOU! So let me share some of my thoughts, to trigger your response, and to encourage you to participate in the consultation and help to dene a world that you want.

Webinar Series 2014 (RAIN - RWSN) Interactive webinars that aim promote sharing of knowledge and experience in rainwater harvesting

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Author: FUREY S. G.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RAIN/RWSN
Institution: RAIN/RWSN

The idea is simple. There is hardly a place in the world where it never rains. Rainwater belongs to everyone. And the methods to collect, store, use and reuse rainwater (to ‘harvest’ rainwater) are easy to apply. So why not spread those methods around the world?

RAIN Foundation and RWSN are collaborating on increasing understanding and uptake of rainwater harvesting, and connecting with people who are looking for help in implementing these systems.

This series of webinars show cases some of the innovative approaches being undertaken around the world.

RWSN Member Survey 2014 Summary of Results

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Author: FUREY S. G.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution: RWSN

In an on-going effort to improve the quality of the service provided by the Rural Water Supply Network and the Secretariat, an online survey was launched on 14 May and kept open for three weeks. The survey was publicised through Dgroups, LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook and via RWSN steering committee member organisations. 635 com-plete and partial responses were logged by the SurveyMonkey software, which is roughly 10% of membership (though non-members also responded), however the actual number completing all the questions in the survey was 325.
This document summarises the responses and aggregates the answers from the three languages offered: English, French and Spanish.
The Secretariat would like to thank everyone who took the time to participate in this survey.

Water Point Mapping: Indicators, pump functionality, accuracy of GPS, using and sharing data Synthesis of discussion and activities: May & June 2014

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Author: PEARCE, J.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WaterAid/IRC

The mapping topic was created in August 2012 and has rapidly established as a strong visible element of the rural water supply network. The main component of the mapping topic is the Dgroups platform, which enables members to discuss technical, policy and management issues around water point mapping, monitoring and reporting. Members share data, analysis, insight and knowledge from mapping activities including the indicators, approaches, methodologies, technologies, and mechanisms for sustaining inventories. The group works towards making data available and accessible to all stakeholders, developing the environment where data can be used to inform resource allocation and planning decisions, and monitoring the improvements in equitable and sustained access to rural water supply.

In May and June 2014 the mapping group discussed a range of issues and shared various country specific knowledge, data and research. Key discussions on measurable indicators, GPS accuracy, water point monitoring, pump functionality, and effectively using data are summarised below. Group members discussed the potentials and pitfalls of technologies to collect, update, and share data, and highlighted the importance of resilient processes in all areas of water point mapping and updating data. Members raised the necessity of standardising indicators and better using and sharing data across the sector.

This synthesis aims to present points made in the group discussions and consolidate them within thematic areas, but does not seek to draw conclusions from the content.

Guidebook for the implementation of decentralised water supply systems in Moldova ApaSan, Swiss Water and Sanitation Project in Moldova

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Author: Compilation: K. Klingel and S. Diener
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Skat Consulting Ltd
Institution: ApaSan, SDC, ADC

What is the guidebook about?
In 10 years of successful cooperation between Switzerland and Moldova, rural communities in Moldova have been supported with the construction of decentralised water supply systems. These new water supply systems use springs located close to the villages and distribute the water through a pipe network to the households of the community. The systems are managed by community based organisations, the Water
Consumer Associations (WCA). Such decentralised and community managed water supply systems have proven to be very successful in providing sustainable water supply for rural communities. This approach therefore merits wider application throughout rural Moldova. The aim of the guidebook is to make this experience available, with the hope that it is used to implement more systems that provide better and lasting water supply services for the rural population in Moldova.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Structuring Private-Sector Participation (PSP) Contracts for Small Scale Water Projects Water and Sanitation Program: TOOLKIT

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Author: RIGBY DELMON, V.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: World Bank
Institution: WSP

The purpose of this toolkit is to provide guidance to water authorities who intend to contract private operators and sector professionals assisting such authorities, on how to structure a contract and bidding documents for private sector participation (“PSP contract”) in small scale water projects. The toolkit focuses on small scale water schemes typically serving a settlement with a population from 1,000 to 10,000—with sufficient density to warrant a network solution, but which do not generate enough scale for integration in a centralized network management. The management and regulation of these schemes are typically left to less well resourced local actors and institutions, requiring more explicit and simplified guidance.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

WASH Self-Supply in Sierra Leone Perspectives and Options

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Author: Gelhard, M.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Welthungerhilfe
Institution: Welthungerhilfe/WaterAid

The paper summarizes the findings of an independent evaluation of two DFID-funded projects implemented by Welthungerhilfe and WaterAid to specifically test a market based approach to self-supply in Sierra Leone. The findings presented indicate a good potential for self-supply to complement communal water services where formal service providers attribute lower priority to target smaller remote and inaccessible communities (population of 150 persons and below).

Includes a Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) assessment of the EMAS flexi-pump.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Is Country-system-based Aid Really Better than Project-based Aid? Evidence from Rural Water Supply Management in Uganda JICA-RI Working Paper

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Author: FURUKAWA M. and MIKAMI S.
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: JICA Research Institute
Institution:

The adoption by donors of the recipient country’s system, rather than a parallel donor system, in implementing aid projects has been highly recommended within the aid community in recent years. However, the assumption behind this policy that using a country’s own system would enhance the recipient’s bureaucratic capability and result in improved public service delivery has yet to be verified. We show in this paper that this expectation does not necessarily fit with the reality, taking the Ugandan rural water supply sector as an example. When bureaucracy itself is in flux in the name of “decentralization,” the unconditional adoption of a country-system
approach could underperform when compared to the conventional donor-project approach.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Project Implementation Manual Community Water Supply and Sanitation Agency, Ghana

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Author: CWSA
Year of Publishing: 2014
Publisher: Community Water Supply and Sanitation Agency
Institution: Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing

The PIM targets all stakeholders (at national, regional and district levels) involved in the provision of water and sanitation services. The manual provides guidance in WASH project management and implementation towards the realisation of national goals. It sets out implementation rules, procedures, and processes with the dual objective to forge strong partnerships and relationships across all key stakeholders and to ascertain the long-term sustainability of all water and sanitation facilities installed in rural communities and small
towns.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

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