RWSN Resources

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Malda Handpump Specifications

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Author: ERPF, K.
Year of Publishing: 2005
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat

This specification is intended to assit all users of the MALDA Pump, but it is primarily aimed at purchasers, manufacturers and inspectors of MALDA Pump.

O Conceito de Bomba de Corda

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Author: ERPF, K.
Year of Publishing: 2005
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat

Este documento contém um guia geral para o fabrico de bombas de corda de fabrico local. Este destina-se aos leitores interessados neste tipo de tecnologia de elevação da água e que pretendam introduzir a bomba de corda a nível local. Apenas serão explicitados aspectos genéricos do conceito de Bomba de Corda, bem como indicações relativas à produção da bomba.
Foi efectuado o levantamento e a reunião de informações provenientes de várias fontes como guia para aqueles que pretendem dar início à produção local de Bombas de Corda. As principais fontes foram: Practica Foundation dos Países Baixos, Bombas de Mecate na Nicarágua, TARATRA em Madagáscar, entre outros.
Serão aceites sugestões para melhorias e pedidos de mais informações, e deverão ser enviados para RWSN-SKAT para o seguinte endereço.

Tara Handpump Specifications (First Edition)

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Author: ERPF, K.
Year of Publishing: 2005
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat

This RWSN specification contains a full product definition for the TARA Direct Action Handpump, including:
- manufacturing processes and inspection
- requirements for compliant with international standards
- assembly and part drawings
- part list

The specification results from work carried out by UNICEF in collaboration with Skat Consulting. The base for this specification are the standards from Bangladesh (TARA Handpump Production Manual, UNICEF-DPHE Bangladesh, 1995) and the standard of the Bureau of Indian Standards (IS 141106:1996)

Human-Powered Drilling Technologies an overview of human-powered drilling technologies for shallow small diameter well construction, for domestic and agricultural water supply

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Author: CARTER, R. C.
Year of Publishing: 2005
Publisher: Cranfield University
Institution: Silsoe College

This paper briefly describes a range of primarily human-powered technologies for well construction which lie between (in cost, complexity of technology, and capability) hand-digging and ‘conventional’ small or large, truck- or trailer- mounted drilling rigs. These human-powered technologies are designed to construct small diameter wells, at costs closer to hand-digging than to conventional drilling.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Developing Groundwater: A guide for rural water supply

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Author: MacDonald A., Davies J., Calow R. and Chilton J.
Year of Publishing: 2005
Publisher:
Institution:

In many rural areas, groundwater is the only feasible way of providing safe, reliable water supplies. However, developing groundwater is not always straightforward. To meet the targets set out in the Millennium Development Goals, more attention needs to be paid to finding and developing groundwater in a sustainable, cost-effective and participatory manner. Developing Groundwater provides a user-friendly guide to this key topic, bringing together for the first time the wide range of techniques required to develop groundwater for community water supplies. This practical manual gives information on effective techniques for siting wells and boreholes, assessing the sustainability of sources, constructing and testing the yield of boreholes and wells, and monitoring groundwater quality. The authors set the technical aspects of rural water supply firmly in their socio-economic context, so that readers can take proper account of community concerns as well as purely engineering questions. Packed with helpful illustrations this book is indispensable for all rural water supply project staff in developing countries.

Alan MacDonald is a hydrogeologist at the British Geological Survey. He has worked extensively in Africa, Asia and the Pacific in partnership with government departments, NGOs, research institutes and rural communities. Much of his work has focused on the practical issues of developing groundwater resources for rural water supply.

1) Go to http://www.developmentbookshelf.com/doi/book/10.3362/9781780441290
2) Each chapter is downloadable separately from the Table of Contents on this page. Click on “PDF ({file size} kb)” under each chapter heading.
3) The PDF of the chapter should appear in your browser, then download or save the PDF to your computer or device.

Solutions for Reducing Borehole Costs in Rural Africa Field Note

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Author: BALL, P.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP, Skat Foundation

This field note contends that he current cost of drilled boreholes in Africa can be halved by relaxing borehole specifications in favor of smaller diameter bores drilled by more maneuverable, lower cost equipment.

An Action Research for increasing effectiveness and sustainability in water and environmental sanitation Bafata Region Guinea Bissau

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Author: ANDERSON, T. and B. MATTHEW
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Plan, West Africa
Institution:

At the request of the West African Regional Office of Plan International an action research was undertaken into increasing effectiveness and sustainability in water and environmental sanitation (WES) in the Bafata Region of Guinea Bissau.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Supply Chain Issues for WES Facilities

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Author: BAUMANN, E. and ERPF, K.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Skat

Post-project problems of O&M management put supply chains management issues at the core of sustaining investments. Delivery mechanisms for spare parts and repair services have consistently failed because of limited resources, and a lack of incentives. But this does not have to be the case, as explained in this publication.

Uganda National Framework for Operation and Maintenance of Rural Water Supplies

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Author: MWE
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Ministry of Water and Environment, Republic of Uganda
Institution: Rural Water Supply Division

The framework provides guidance and policy direction for streamlining Operation and Maintenance in daily operations at all levels within the rural water supplies sub-sector in Uganda.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Preliminary Desk Study of Potential for Self Supply in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Author: SUTTON, S.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: RWSN/WaterAid
Institution:

Most of those without access to improved water supply and sanitation (85%) live in rural areas. Typically, rural water supply strategies concentrate on communal supplies, for groups of 200 to 500 people, but many communities are widely scattered and population densities low. Every year thousands of householders and small groups invest in traditionally dug wells and scoopholes to provide convenient supplies which they manage and maintain themselves. Such sources number over 1 million in Africa alone. While many rural people value these sources for their convenience, taste, productive use, and especially the feeling of ownership, policymakers tend to regard them as a liability to be replaced, rather than improved or augmented.

Self Supply: A Fresh Approach to Water for Rural Populations

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Author: SUTTON, S.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: RWSN, WSP, DFID
Institution:

Self supply is a demand-driven approach, built on the widespread desire of rural populations to invest in water solutions that directly benefit small groups or households. Research in Zambia has found widespread grassroots demand for small-scale water supply improvements, and has subsequently developed models by which communities could improve the quality of their supplies.

Technologies applied for drinking water treatment in rural communities The application of drip chlorination, tablet chlorinators, solar disinfection technology and ceramic filter in Honduras

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Author: BRAND, A. P.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Water and Sanitation Program (WSP)
Institution:

This report documents some of the most appropriate technologies and methodologies for drinking water disinfection used by rural communities and families in Honduras, and presents the challenges they face in securing sustainable access to safe water.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Introductory Guide to Appropriate Solutions for Water and Sanitation

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Author: HOLDEN, R. and SWANEPOEL, T.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: DWAF Dep. Of Water Affairs and Forest (South Africa)
Institution:

Introductory Guide to Appropriate Solutions for Water and Sanitation is Number 7.2 in the Toolkit for Water Services. This guideline is for use by municipalities and their service providers as an introduction to the range of appropriate solutions available for water supply and sanitation, and where and how these are suited to different situations.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Low-cost pump alternatives for rural communities in Honduras Meeting demand for access to safe drinking water

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Author: BRAND, A. P.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Water and Sanitation Program (WSP)
Institution:

With financial support from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the technical assistance of WSP-LAC, the Honduras Water and Sanitation Network carried out a field survey on pumps being used in Honduras directed at identifying successful options for replication.
The following report presents advantages and limitations of two types of low-cost pumps - the EMAS Flexi and the Rope Pump - used in several rural communities in Honduras, considering the users´perspectives.

Community Water Supply in Switzerland what can we learn from a century of successful operation?

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Author: SALADIN, M.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Skat Foundation
Institution:

In the last decade there has been a marked shift towards decentralisation in many developing countries as responsibilities are passed from national administrations to local authorities. In many places this shift to a local approach has left the communities isolated and struggling.
Many infrastructure projects are in difficulties because of the lack of organisational support and know-how. In Switzerland, rural communities have developed and managed their own water supply networks for a long time – in some cases over 100 years. There may be lessons that have been learned in Switzerland over this period that could be helpful - if properly adapted - to communities in developing countries as they take responsibility for their own systems.

Bush Pump Zimbabwe Standard Specification

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Author: RWSN/DWRD
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: The Zimbabwe Government
Institution: Department of Water Resources and Development

The Bush Pump has been used in Zimbabwe for over 60 years. It was first designed in 1933 by Tommy Murgatroyd, a water suuply office working in Plumtree, Matebeleland, and some of his early pumps survive to this day.

The Zimbabwe 'Bush Pump' is almost unique on the African continent in that it was conceived and designed and is wholly manufactured within Zimbabwe itself. The family of 'Bush Pumps' owe their success to a simplicity of design and rugged construction which originated from Murgatroyd's pioneering work. The Bush Pump continues to serve the people of Zimbabwe, seventy years after the first pumps of the family were designed and built.

Platform Design for Handpumps on Boreholes - Construction Guidelines (Revision 1-2008)

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Author: ERPF, K.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: RWSN (incl. HTN)
Institution: Skat/UNICEF

This manual is a guide for the construction of platforms for handpumps installed on boreholes. A construction guideline for platforms made of concrete is included in this manual, but the the platform could also be made of brick masonry or stone masonry.

Madagascar Rope Pump Specification First Edition 0 - 2004

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Author: RANDRIANASOLO, A. and ERPF, K.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat

This manual provides a full specification and technical drawings of the Madagascar Rope Pump including:
- manufacturing processes and inspection
- requirements for compliance with international standards
- assembly and detail drawings
- parts list

Steps in Implementation of Water and Sanitation Software Activities (Final 2004)

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Author: DWD
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Ministry of Water, Lands and Environment
Institution: Directorate of Water Development

The Development of Steps in Implementation of Water and Sanitation Software Activities has been undertaken to address concerns regarding the different approaches to software implementation between Districts. There is thus need to guide Districts on the critical software steps to be followed in the provision and follow-up for the water sector. This document is intended as a guide to the Districts on the steps to be followed in the implementation of their software activities.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Manually operated Pumps for Drinking Water Supply in Madagascar An overview July 2004

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Author: DAW, R. K.
Year of Publishing: 2004
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat/UNICEF

UNICEF Madagascar has been supporting rural water supply and sanitation activities in Madagascar for over ten years. The Water, Environment and Sanitation (WES) desk of UNICEF works with Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM), Government of Madagascar, on a number of water supply initiatives. One of these projects, in the southern part of Tulear Province (also known as the South – Sud), comprised of drilling wells and installation of 150 India Mark II handpumps in the vicinity of Antanimora. This is referred to as the AAEPA Project later in this report. The installation of handpumps in the AAEPA Project was completed during 1994-96 and has since then been supported by UNICEF for its operation and maintenance (O&M)
with supply of spare parts. Over the years, this project has undergone reorganisation a number of times.
The AAEPA Project was evaluated by the World Bank in early 2004. The evaluation noted that the spare parts distribution was not well organized and was subsidised. It was also noted that the India Mark II handpumps lacked a country level distribution network.

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