RWSN Resources

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A Community Resource Book for the Water and Sanitation Sector

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Author: DWD
Year of Publishing: 2007
Publisher: Ministry of Water and Environment, Republic of Uganda
Institution: Directorate of Water Development

This Community Resource Book has been prepared to provide communities, and especially any active person or group within communities (e.g. Water User Groups), with good knowledge in matters concerning the planning for, management and maintenance of water supply and sanitation facilities. The Book also provides guidance on how to improve the hygiene and sanitation practices at community and household level. In addition it outlines the roles and responsibilities of the respective communities, its leaders as well as key bodies and institutions that are involved in the process of implementing, rehabilitating and maintaining rural water and sanitation activities.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Drilling for Water in Ethiopia A Country Case-Study Cost-Effective Boreholes Flagship of the Rural Water Supply Network

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution:

This study of Ethiopia’s borehole construction sector provides an in-depth, integrated understanding of the sector, boreholes costings and analysis. In addition, new approaches to the modelling of the qualitative and quantitative issues involved is presented.
This two volume document is the comprehensive report of the study, including the inputs made by the participants at a final workshop in Addis Ababa in December 2005.

BREF APERÇU DES TECHNOLOGIES MANUELLES AU NIGER

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Author: Ibrahim Mamadou
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: Enterprise Works/Vita
Institution:

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

A Brief History of Hand Drilled Wells in Niger Only the beginning

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Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: RWSN

This field note describes the history of hand drilling and water-lifting techniques introduced in Niger over 30 years and now firmly in the hands of local enterprises, farmers and water users. Recommendations for the way forward are included.

Case Studies of Operating Conditions for Local Private Sector Identifying key factors for private sector success

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Author: BAUMANN, E.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

The study objective was to gain an improved understanding of the problems associated with the rural borehole drilling industry from the point of view of the private sector entrepreneur, and based upon these lessons learned suggest policy mechanisms and business approaches that would improve public/private relations in the endeavour to provide cost-effective and sustainable water supply to the rural poor.

Drilling for Water in Ethiopia Volume 1 - Main Report

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Author: CARTER, R. C.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP, Gov of Ethiopia

This study of Ethiopia’s borehole construction sector provides an in-depth, integrated understanding of the sector, boreholes costings and analysis.
This study of Ethiopia’s borehole construction sector provides an in-depth, integrated understanding of the sector, boreholes costings and analysis. In addition, new approaches to the modelling of the qualitative and quantitative issues involved is presented. This two volume document is the comprehensive report of the study, including the inputs made by the participants at a final workshop in Addis Ababa in December 2005.

Ethiopia Cost Effective Boreholes Vol 2.

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Author: CARTER, R. C.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP, Gov of Ethiopia

This study of Ethiopia’s borehole construction sector provides an in-depth, integrated understanding of the sector, boreholes costings and analysis. In addition, new approaches to the modelling of the qualitative and quantitative issues involved are presented.
This two volume document is the comprehensive report of the study, including the inputs made by the participants at a final workshop in Addis Ababa in December 2005.

Le forage d'eau à faibles coûts en dix étapes Étude des coûts de forage en Éthiopie

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Author: CARTER, R. C.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP

Développer l’accès à l’eau souterraine est une priorité fondamentale pour l’Afrique subsaharienne. La réduction du coût des forages classiques et de leur équipement est un moyen d’y parvenir. La présente note rend compte d’une étude récemment conduite en Éthiopie et expose certaines des méthodes qui permettraient de réaliser cet objectif.

Proceedings of the 5th RWSN Forum 2006 Ghana Scaling up Local Entrepreneurship in Rural Water Supply to meet the MDGs

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Skat Foundation, MWRWH

This document reports the proceedings of the 5th Forum of the Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN), held in Accra, Ghana, 27th – 30th November 2006.
The forum was organised by the steering committee of RWSN via its secretariat, hosted by Skat Foundation in Switzerland. The event itself was hosted by the Ministry of Water Resources Works and Housing (MWRWH) of the Government of Ghana.

Ten-step Guide Towards Cost-effective Boreholes Case study of drilling costs in Ethiopia

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Author: CARTER, R. C.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP

Increasing access to groundwater is a priority for sub-Saharan Africa. One key to this is to reduce the costs of conventional drilling and borehole construction. This field note, describing a recent study in Ethiopia sets out some of the ways in which this may be done.

Une brève histoire des puits forés à la main au Niger

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Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: RWSN/WSP

La présente note brosse l?histoire des techniques de forage à la main et de pompage d?eau introduites au Niger au cours des trente dernières années et que les entreprises locales, les agriculteurs et les ménages ont désormais bien en main.

Who is going to drill the African Boreholes?

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Author: ROBINSON, A.,
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP, Skat

Private drillers form an essential segment of the borehole drilling sector in Africa. More needs to be known about their abilities and the contribution they can make. Case studies of entrepreneurial drilling companies in four African countries are used to illustrate business strategies and common constraints, and possible ways forward.

Do Operation and Maintenance Pay?

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Author: BAUMANN, E.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: Practical Action
Institution: Waterlines

Life-cycle costing can help planners estimate not only how much handpumps cost to install, but how much they cost to maintain. This article, published in article published in Waterlines Vol. 25 No. 1 July 2006, shows how it is done, and demonstrates that spending more on regular maintenance often works out cheaper in the long run.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Spare Part Supplies for Handpumps in Africa: Success Factors for Sustainability Rural Water Supply Series

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Author: Oyo, A.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN/WSP
Institution:

Handpump installation is the most widespread solution for supplying water to the many millions of people in Africa’s rural areas. However, at any given moment an average 30 percent of all potentially functional handpumps in Africa are not working. In some areas 50 percent or more are nonfunctional, due in part to difficulties in obtaining spare parts. This field note describes lessons drawn from a review of 25 studies conducted in 15 different countries that looked at handpump spare parts supply, primarily in rural areas of Africa.
A number of key factors are identified for sustaining supply chains. These are discussed under the headings of supply chain management, choice of technology, and type of supply chain (whether private sector, public sector,or private/public partnership). Research worldwide shows that overall management of handpump spare-part supply chains is carried out primarily by donors and Governments, although the supply chains themselves generally involve both the public sector and private enterprise.

5ème Forum RWSN 2006 - Ghana

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Author: JONES, J. et J. DOYEN
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution:

Amplifier l'Entreprenariat Local en matière d'Approvisionnement en Eua en Milieu Rural pour atteindre les OMDs Compte Rendu en Francais

Contamination of drinking water between source and point-of-use in rural households of South Africa and Zimbabwe: implications for monitoring the Millennium Development Goal for water

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Author: GUNDRY, S. W., WRIGHT, J. A., CONROY, R., DU PREEZ, M., GENTHE, B., MOYO, S., MUTISI, C., NDAMBA, J. and POTGIETER, N.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: IWA - International Water Association
Institution: Water Practice & Technology Vol 1 No. 2

Aims: To assess contamination of drinking water in rural Zimbabwe and South Africa
Methods: We conducted a cohort study of 254 children aged 12-24 months in rural South Africa and Zimbabwe.
In dry and wet seasons, we measured water quality, using the indicator organism E. coli, at improved and unimproved sources, in household storage and drinking cups. We also recorded hygiene and socio-economic factors for each household.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

En quête de solutions d'auto-approvisionnement en eau Des études de terrain aux interventions pilotes en Ouganda

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Author: CARTER, R. C.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP

Cette note présente les enseignements d?une étude portant sur différentes expériences d'amélioration de l'auto-approvisionnement en eau en Ouganda. Elle formule des recommandations quant aux meilleurs moyens pour les professionnels du secteur de collabore.

Improving household water supply (Self Supply) - The Potential in Mali

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Author: SUTTON, S., MAIGA, B. and H. MAIGA
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: SWL Consultants, UNICEF, WaterAid

This document is based on the study undertaken by WaterAid and the Ministry of Health in June 2005 (funded by RWSN/ WSP-World Bank) as well as on national statistics and policy documents. It provides background information on the situation to date.

Investigating Options for Self-help Water Supply From field research to pilot interventions in Uganda

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Author: CARTER, R. C.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: WSP

This field note outlines the findings of an investigation into experiences of self-help water supply improvements in Uganda. It makes recommendations on how water supply professionals can best engage with communities to achieve sustainable supplies.

Potential for Self Supply and Low Cost Water Supply Options in Niger

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Author: SUTTON, S.
Year of Publishing: 2006
Publisher: SWL Consultants
Institution: UNICEF

This report examines the potential for self supply and low cost water supply options in Niger. Niger lies to the South of the Sahara with 75% of the territory being desert and a third of the population living in extreme poverty.

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