RWSN Resources

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Guidelines and Tools for Rural Water Supplies RWSN IFAD Rural Water Supply Series: Volume 3

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Author: SMITH, J. & FUREY, S.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: Rural Water Supply Network

This document is a directory of 42 sets of guidelines, manuals and toolkits about the delivery of rural water supply services. Each resource has been categorised by whether its primary audience is international, national, organisation or other. Icons and summary table are used to help you find guidelines relevant to your task. Links and references are provided to help you find the original documents quickly and easily.

People, Politics, the Environment and Rural Water Supplies RWSN-IFAD Rural Water Supply Series: Volume 1

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Author: DANERT K & FLOWERS C
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: RWSN
Institution: RWSN

This publication examines people, politics and the environment and their relation to drinking water supplies in rural areas. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) has become a well-established developmental sector into which domestic water naturally falls. However, efforts to improve rural water supply services may benefit from more inter-disciplinary collaboration.

Given the vast numbers of rural people with inadequate drinking water supplies, it may be time to build better synergies between WASH efforts and other work to reduce poverty, address power imbalances and improve environmental sustainability.

An improved understanding by water supply professionals and practitioners of the broader context of rural like, politics and the environment can provide a good starting point. Likewise, for those working to improve rural livelihoods, address reduce pov-erty, and ensure environmental sustainability, a basic under-standing of rural water supplies is important. This publication tries to inform both of these groups – a little.

Management & Support Working Group Workshop 2-3 Oct 2012 Presentations and write-ups from workshop section in The Hague

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Author: RWSN
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: RWSN/IRC/Aguaconsult

The first thematic meeting of the RWSN Management and Support Working Group took place on 2-3 October 2012. Focus of this meeting was on piped water supply schemes in rural areas and small towns. It considered the different management and support mechanisms required to manage these schemes and ensure that they provide sustainable services.
This 1.5-day thematic meeting took place in The Hague, the Netherlands, hosted by IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. It was followed by a half day kick-off and management meeting of the Working Group on Management and Support of Rural Water Supplies on 3 October 2012.

A Hidden Resource: Household-led rural water supply in Ethiopia

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Author: SUTTON, S., BUTTERWORTH, J. and MEKONTA, L.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Institution:

This report brings together the findings of two complementary research studies on the role of Self Supply in rural water services provision in different regions of Ethiopia. Self Supply involves households taking the lead in their own development, including investment in the construction, upgrading and maintenance of their own water sources, lifting devices and storage facilities. Traditional wells, which are usually family-owned, are the most common type of source and are the focus of this report. Various types of lifting device are used, starting from a rope and bucket. Rope pumps are being promoted as a step ahead, and in some specific areas, diesel or electric pumps are common. Until now, there has been relatively little information available about the performance of family or traditional wells, with water quality studies, for example the Rapid Assessment of Drinking Water Quality, RADWQ (WHO/ UNICEF, 2010), tending to focus on community sources such as handpumps.

Capitalisation D'Experiences sur les Forages Manuels a Madagascar

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Author: PRACTICA
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: UNICEF
Institution: Practica Foundation

Des techniques appropriées au contexte malgache et adoptées par les opérateurs :
well jetting, rota sludge et madrill. La recherche action est porteuse d’améliorations constantes et elle apporte une réponse aux contraintes rencontrées par les utilisateurs. Avec plus de 2000 forages réalisés le secteur du forage manuel a acquis sanotoriété en dépit de son absence dans la politique nationale du secteur eau. 4 fois moins cher que le forage motorisé le coût des forages manuels pratiqué à Madagascar est 2 à 3 fois moins élevé que dans les autres pays d’Afrique.
Un potentiel à confirmer pour donner une idée du marché et de l’impact attendu. Les standards d’équipements sont disparates et la définition d’un ensemble de normes techniques détaillées pour les forages manuels est indispensable.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

JIRAMORA Pilot Concept note Energising water supply in Madagascar

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Author: BARRETT, L. J. P.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: BushProof SARL
Institution:

This paper proposes a one-time investment for the creation of a profitable business that offers safe drinking water and clean energy products to low-income communities.
Willingness-to-pay for drinking water is low in Madagascar but in contrast, energy products are highly desirable. Combining water with energy in one product package is crucial to the business model being proposed.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

India Mark II: 3-D CAD files

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Author: MILLER, A.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher:
Institution:

This zip file contains 83 shape files for the India Mark handpump. To view the files you will need extract the files using WinZip, or similar, and "SolidWorks e-drawings Viewer" which can be downloaded for free from: http://www.solidworks.com/sw/products/free-cad-software-downloads.htm

The files show a pump in one configuration only, with no deep-well parts and only one mounting option.

To manipulate the files you will need commercial CAD software.

Any use or modification of these files should first get the permission from the author: Andrew Miller (contact via the RWSN Secretariat) and should credit him.

The user assumes responsibility for geometric accuracy and neither the author nor RWSN guarantee this work.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

GROUNDWATER MATTERS: DRINKING WATER FOR RURAL PEOPLE Four week E-discussion from 10th September 2012

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Author: DANERT, K and FUREY, S
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher:
Institution: Skat Foundation

Stimulating discussion, exchange and building up a trusted network of groundwater development professionals is one of RWSN’s aims. This is the basis for the E-discussion that ran for 4 weeks from the 10th September 2012 on the sustainable groundwater development community of DGroups (currently comprises over 200 members). More details, including the questions posed are given in Annex 1.
This report summarises over 100 inputs made by 46 members from 22 countries. The purpose of this report is three-fold:
1. The tremendous knowledge and experiences shared by the members of the community during the 2012 Sustainable Groundwater Development e-discussion is synthesised.
2. Key issues and recommendations raised in the discussion are clearly formulated.
3. Stakeholders, with the mandate and means to actively improve sustainable groundwater development are called to action to address the issues raised.

Educación de Agua Manual del Estudiante / Manual de Maestro

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Author: AGUAYUDA
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Aguayuda, Inc.
Institution:

Este manual está diseñado para ser utilizado como una guía de entrenamiento para profesores, líderes comunitarios y otros interesados en enseñarles a sus comunidades sobre la educación de agua.
Este manual contiene 8 temas diferentes. Cada tema tiene un desglose del plan de lección que puede incluir lo siguiente cuando sea pertinente:
- Preparación requerida
- Procedimiento paso a paso de la lección incluyendo ejercicios
- Afiches
- Puntos claves
Este manual les proveerá a los profesores la información y guía necesaria para conducir los talleres de educación de agua para la comunidad.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

RWSN Online Map A quick graphic guide to the RWSN website and discussion groups

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Author: FUREY, S. G.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution: Skat

RWSN has expanded its online presence in 2012 with a new website, migration to dgroups for membership and discussions, a LinkedIn group, a blog, plus using Twitter to raise the profile the network and our activities.

This 2-page guide gives a map of the different online platforms and a site map for the new website. Comments and feedback welcome.

NGOs in the Ugandan Water and Sanitation Sector Performance Report for FY 2011/12

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Author: UWASNET
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Uganda Water and Sanitation NGO Network (UWASNET)
Institution:

Welcome to the NGOs in the Ugandan Water and Sanitation Sector Performance Report for FY 2011/12.
Produced annually and prepared by the national umbrella organisation of NGOs and CBOs in water and sanitation sector, the Uganda Water and Sanitation NGO Network (UWASNET), the report serves a number of purposes. Firstly, it contributes to Sector Performance Monitoring Framework and serves to reflect CSO’s contribution to the Water and Environment Sector feeding to the overall annual Water and Sanitation Performance Report of the Ministry of Water and Environment. Secondly, it serves to enhance accountability and transparency among CSOs in the sector. This report reflects on the period from July 2011 to June 2012.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Code de bonnes pratiques pour la réalisation de forages Version française

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Author: DANERT, K., ARMSTRONG, T., ADEKILE, D., DUFFAU, B., OUEDRAOGO, I. & KWEI, C.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Rural Water Supply Network
Institution:

La réalisation d’ouvrages pérennes d’exploitation d’eau souterraine est fondamentale pour l’accès universel à l’eau potable. Ce docu-ment, Le Code de bonnes pratiques pour la réalisation de forages présente un cadre pour l’accès à l’eau sur la base de critères écono-miques et de santé publique. Ces bonnes pratiques visent à optimi-ser le rapport qualité/prix de l’investissement à long terme. Les forages étant construits pour fonctionner sur une durée de vie de 20 à 50 ans, le plus bas prix ne représente pas toujours l’optimum économique, en particulier lorsque la qualité des ouvrages est sacri-fiée afin d’économiser sur les investissements. La réalisation de fo-rages très bon marché ou de mauvaise qualité peut engendrer des dysfonctionnements prématurés ou la contamination de la res-source en eau. Ceux-ci sont par la suite abandonnés par les usagers et n’ont pas à l’évidence un bon rapport coût-efficacité.

A Comparative Evaluation Of Ultra Deep-Well Handpumps MSc THESIS Academic Year: 2011 - 2012

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Author: CORNET, L.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Cranfield University
Institution: SCHOOL OF APPLIED SCIENCES Water Management: Community Water and Sanitation

Permission has been granted to publish on the RWSN website by the author, Lucas Cornet, and by Dr Alison Parker (Cranfield University) and Erik Harvey (WaterAid)

Abstract

Handpump technology is documented as being the best option for the water supply of rural communities in the developing world. However, it has been observed that the amount of available handpump models significantly drops as water tables get deeper. Many handpumps are therefore expected to operate beyond their design specifications, which is responsible for many failures of handpump projects. This paper compares a total of 12 ultra deep-well handpumps (UDWHPs), with a pumping lift higher than 60 m, in terms of technologies, materials, outputs, costs and maintenance potentialities.

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Thematic Consultation on Water in the post-2015 development agenda How to engage?

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Author: Cecilia Scharp
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher:
Institution: UNICEF

Rural Water Supply Network Report January to December 2011 Annual Report 2011

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Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Skat
Institution: Rural Water Supply Network

2011 witnessed the joint development of the new strategy for RWSN (2012 to 2014) with workshops, meetings, telephone and email discussions between the RWSN partner organsiations and others. The new strategy, launched in January 2012, emphasises: (i) much more emphasis on the member networking aspects of RWSN including drawing out member experiences and good practices; (ii) expansion of the Cost-Effective Boreholes theme to include a much greater emphasis on groundwater resources; (iii) contraction of the sustainability theme to the management and support of rural supplies and (iv) addition of a new theme on equity and inclusion and (iv) the decision to become a bilingual (French/English) network within the strategy duration.

Rural Water Supply Network Report 2009 to 2011 Three Year Report (2009-11)

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Author: DANERT, K.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Skat
Institution: Rural Water Supply Network

In the period from 2009 to 2011, the RWSN has continued to develop as a network, by both responding to developments in the sector and trying to foster change and catalyse improvements. The past three years witnessed changes in human resources, the structure of the network and its thematic focus areas. Kerstin Danert took over from Erich Baumann the coordination of the RWSN secretariat (hosted by Skat Foundation), and was joined by Sean Furey. The full Steering Committee invoked an Executive Steering Committee to streamline strategic development and oversight and the RWSN chair was handed from Clarissa Brocklehurst (UNICEF) to Richard Carter (WaterAid). Self Supply coordination was handed over from Sally Sutton (SWL Consultants) to André Olschewski (Skat Foundation).

Self Supply: Experiences in Uganda A compilation of the case studies on self-supply presented at the 3rd National Learning Forum, City Royal Hotel, December 5-6, 2011

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Author: Ministry of Water and Environment
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Ministry of Water and Environment
Institution: Ministry of Water and Environment

Over the past 14 years, the government of Uganda has undertaken studies and supported pilot projects for domestic roof water harvesting and incremental improvements to shallow wells by households. The projects were primarily implemented by NGOs. More recently the Ministry of Water and Environment(MWE) encouraged District Local Governments to construct domestic roof water harvesting facilities for demonstration purposes; sensitized District Local Governments and NGOs about the concept of self supply; and developed a strategy for accelerating self supply (2011- 2015).


DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

Community Participation and Handpump Sustainability in Rural Ghana Presentation

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Author: MARKS, S., KOMIVES, K. AND DAVIS, J.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher:
Institution: Stanford University

Why does sustainability matter? Study site: Ghana
1. Which forms of community participation are associated with handpump sustainability? Depth, not breadth, of participation; The type of decision matters;
2. What else explains variation in sustainability? Post-construction support of borehole users; Trust; Alternative water sources

DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred.

The Zimbabwe Bush Pump: "Open top cylinder" model Installation Manual with notes on maintenance

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Author: MORGAN, P.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Aquamo Pvt Ltd
Institution:

The standard and most commonly used version of the Zimbabwe Bush Pump uses down the hole components comprising 50mm galvanised iron pipe, 6mm mild steel pump rods, a 75mm brass cylinder with matching piston and heavy duty foot valve. The 75mm piston is fitted with two leather piston seals. The two piston seals are the fastest wearing part of any Bush Pump, and in the standard version, their replacement requires the lifting of the rising main (steel pies) to gain access to the piston and its seals. This is routine practice in Zimbabwe.

The Zimbabwe Bush Pump Inspection of the “B” type Bush Pump Part 1. The pump head Inspection Manual

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Author: MORGAN, P.
Year of Publishing: 2012
Publisher: Aquamor Pvt Ltd
Institution:

The National Hand Pump in Zimbabwe is called the "B" type Bush Pump and was standardised by the Government of Zimbabwe in 1989 following rigorous trials in very heavy duty and deep borehole settings.

This manual is an illustrated guide to inspecting the pump head to ensure correct functioning and timely maintenance.

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