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What’s Working, Where, and for How Long A 2016 Water Point Update to the RWSN (2009) statistics

• An average of 78% of water points are functional across the 11 countries analyzed.

• The high failure rates early after installation are troubling: almost 15% after one year and 25% of water points are non-functional by their fourth year after installation. This indicates widespread problems with poor quality water point installation, due to a range of problems that may include professionalism and skills around contracts, construction and supervision; borehole siting; lack of quality control of hardware; or lack of post-construction monitoring and problem resolution.

• Handpumps are often singled out as technology that fails, but analysis of other water point types show similar functionality levels, and that tens of thousands of handpumps are providing a service

This poster was peer-reviewed and presented at the 7th RWSN Forum in Abidjan, Cote'Ivoire 2016.

It replaces "Handpump Data 2009 Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa" (2009) | »

Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction in WASH Experience in DRR mainstreaming in Nicaragua

The risk of disasters is high throughout Central America. In Nicaragua, multiple natural hazards (earthquakes, tsunami, hurricanes, tropical storms, drought, landslides) combine with severe levels of socioeconomic
vulnerability, placing the country near the top of all international lists of countries with high disaster risk. Nicaragua is ranked 4th in the Climate risk index published by German watch in 2015.

Multiple global, national, and local factors augment the hazards faced by water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services and increase their vulnerability. Intense tropical storms and hurricanes are affecting regularly the water systems infrastructure. More frequent and less predictable droughts and intense deforestation have deprived the Nicaraguan dry zone of the water needed for human consumption and agricultural production over prolonged periods. | »

Conceptual Framework and Instruments Guide for Reduction of Vulnerability in WASH systems

Nicaragua is highly vulnerable to disasters in comparison with other Central American countries. It ranks third among the ten countries in the world that are most affected by extreme weather events that cause damages and losses in human lives, in natural resources and in the livelihoods of he population. It is also the Central American nation that will suffer the greatest decline in precipitation over the next three decades, a decline that will affect both the water sector and food security. | »

Short report on Self-supply Seminar at the “My Water-my business” event 20th March 2015 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

In the Growth & Transformation Plan of Ethiopia specific sector targets are defined for improving access and services for WASH. A comprehensive implementation framework has been developed and endorsed, the One WASH National program, which guides all actors of the Ethiopian WASH sector in their collective efforts for implementation of WASH related activities towards the defined targets. Within the One WASH National program Self-supply is listed as an option additional to communal water supply to provide access to water for households or group of households.

This input paper summarizes some reflections from selected inputs provided at the seminar on 20th March on Self-supply and its acceleration. | »

Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources and Adaptation in the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector in Nicaragua Environment & Water Resources Occasional Paper Series

Climate change is at the top of the development agenda in Central America. This region, together with the Caribbean, is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change in Latin America. Climate change is manifesting itself through higher average temperatures and more frequent droughts that result in higher water stress, and through the rising frequency of extreme weather events such as tropical storms, hurricanes, floods and landslides, all of which pose significant challenges in the rural water supply and sanitation sector. The paper starts with a review of the historic data on temperature and precipitation trends in Central America and particularly at the regional level in Nicaragua. The data reveal a clear trend of the growing climate variability, increased water stress for crops, and greater frequency of extreme weather events. The rising intensity and frequency of ex-treme weather events is among the most critical risks to the region's development agenda, and they translate into high economic losses. This paper examines the impacts and implications of potential climate change on water resources in Nicaragua and makes key recommendations to integrate climate change and rural water supply and sanitation policies and programs in a way that increase resilience to current and future climate conditions.
DISCLAIMER: This is a non-RWSN publication and endorsement by RWSN or any of its member organisations should not be inferred. | »

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